In­de­pen­dence and Pur­pose­ful­ness in Pri­or­ity

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - TODAY IN UZBEKISTAN - To­hir Mahkamov

The so­ci­o­log­i­cal sur­vey «Youth of Uzbek­istan: life val­ues, moral­ity, so­cial ref­er­ence points» con­ducted by the Cen­ter for the Study of Pub­lic Opinion «Ij­ti­moiy fikr» has demon­strated that among the pri­or­i­ties of young men and women - an ac­tive life po­si­tion, in­de­pen­dence, com­mit­ment and so­cial mo­bil­ity.

The re­sults of the re­search show that the ef­fec­tive­ness of the youth pol­icy pur­sued in our coun­try is also con­firmed by the fact that today ed­u­ca­tion oc­cu­pies a lead­ing po­si­tion in the sys­tem of life val­ues of young men and girls.

Dur­ing the years of in­de­pen­dence, the value of higher ed­u­ca­tion in the eyes of young peo­ple is con­stantly grow­ing. If in 2010 and 2011 only a third of young peo­ple wanted to get it, in 2016 - 56.8%, then in 2017 - 62.7%. Young men and girls con­sider a ped­a­gogy and medicine, as well as spe­cial­ties re­lated to fi­nance, in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy, law as the pre­ferred spheres of higher ed­u­ca­tion.

The study showed that the is­sues of young peo­ple's em­ploy­ment are be­ing suc­cess­fully solved in the repub­lic. At present, ev­ery third of them car­ries out la­bor ac­tiv­ity, 38.4% study in ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tu­tions. The great­est la­bor ac­tiv­ity is shown by boys and girls aged 25-29 years. In re­cent years, there was a trend to­wards an in­crease in the em­ploy­ment rates of ado­les­cents from 14 to 19 years.

The youth of Uzbek­istan con­sid­ers that they have wide op­por­tu­ni­ties for par­tic­i­pa­tion in pub­lic and po­lit­i­cal life (28.9%), they have a wide range of pro­fes­sions and the op­por­tu­nity to study abroad.

Mon­i­tor­ing shows that young men and women of Uzbek­istan are char­ac­ter­ized by a high de­gree of pa­tri­o­tism which is ex­pressed in love for the Mother­land, ded­i­cated to ser­vice it and in the readi­ness to de­fend it.

The ab­so­lute ma­jor­ity of young peo­ple con­sider them­selves to be pa­tri­ots of their coun­try. This, in their opinion, man­i­fests it­self in «de­vo­tion and love for the Mother­land», «readi­ness to de­fend it», «strug­gle for the great fu­ture of their coun­try», «knowl­edge and re­spect for the his­tory, cul­ture and na­tional tra­di­tions of their peo­ple». The de­sire to study the his­tor­i­cal past of the na­tive land, the devel­op­ment of in­ter­est in the spir­i­tual, moral and sci­en­tific her­itage of the peo­ple form a sense of be­long­ing of the youth for the fu­ture of their coun­try.

The study showed that young peo­ple of Uzbek­istan have the right idea about a healthy life­style, in­clud­ing the re­fusal to drink al­co­hol and drugs, smok­ing, the need for hy­giene, sports, at­ten­tion to one's health and proper nu­tri­tion.

The over­whelm­ing ma­jor­ity of young peo­ple noted that they are car­ry­ing out a healthy life­style. Thus, 87.4% out of the to­tal num­ber of re­spon­dents in­di­cated that they did not drink al­co­hol at all, 98.9% has never tried drugs, 86.8% has never smoked.

The main and very op­ti­mistic out­come of the pub­lic opinion poll is that the over­whelm­ing ma­jor­ity of young peo­ple are sat­is­fied with their lives and are proud of their Mother­land which in­di­cates the ef­fec­tive­ness of state youth pol­icy.

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