Independence and Purposefulness in Priority
The sociological survey «Youth of Uzbekistan: life values, morality, social reference points» conducted by the Center for the Study of Public Opinion «Ijtimoiy fikr» has demonstrated that among the priorities of young men and women - an active life position, independence, commitment and social mobility.
The results of the research show that the effectiveness of the youth policy pursued in our country is also confirmed by the fact that today education occupies a leading position in the system of life values of young men and girls.
During the years of independence, the value of higher education in the eyes of young people is constantly growing. If in 2010 and 2011 only a third of young people wanted to get it, in 2016 - 56.8%, then in 2017 - 62.7%. Young men and girls consider a pedagogy and medicine, as well as specialties related to finance, information technology, law as the preferred spheres of higher education.
The study showed that the issues of young people's employment are being successfully solved in the republic. At present, every third of them carries out labor activity, 38.4% study in educational institutions. The greatest labor activity is shown by boys and girls aged 25-29 years. In recent years, there was a trend towards an increase in the employment rates of adolescents from 14 to 19 years.
The youth of Uzbekistan considers that they have wide opportunities for participation in public and political life (28.9%), they have a wide range of professions and the opportunity to study abroad.
Monitoring shows that young men and women of Uzbekistan are characterized by a high degree of patriotism which is expressed in love for the Motherland, dedicated to service it and in the readiness to defend it.
The absolute majority of young people consider themselves to be patriots of their country. This, in their opinion, manifests itself in «devotion and love for the Motherland», «readiness to defend it», «struggle for the great future of their country», «knowledge and respect for the history, culture and national traditions of their people». The desire to study the historical past of the native land, the development of interest in the spiritual, moral and scientific heritage of the people form a sense of belonging of the youth for the future of their country.
The study showed that young people of Uzbekistan have the right idea about a healthy lifestyle, including the refusal to drink alcohol and drugs, smoking, the need for hygiene, sports, attention to one's health and proper nutrition.
The overwhelming majority of young people noted that they are carrying out a healthy lifestyle. Thus, 87.4% out of the total number of respondents indicated that they did not drink alcohol at all, 98.9% has never tried drugs, 86.8% has never smoked.
The main and very optimistic outcome of the public opinion poll is that the overwhelming majority of young people are satisfied with their lives and are proud of their Motherland which indicates the effectiveness of state youth policy.