Senate Convenes for General Session
The Senate of the Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan has convened this week for the twelfth plenary session.
The parliamentarians began work with the consideration of the Law «On ratification of the agreement between the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Kyrgyz Republic on the Uzbek-Kyrgyz State Border (Bishkek, September 5, 2017)» adopted in pursuance of the Action Plan (Roadmap) on the timely and full-scale implementation of the agreements reached during the state visit of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the Kyrgyz Republic on September 5-6, 2017.
Next, the senators examined the Law «On amendments and addenda to certain legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan» developed in accordance with the state program «Year of dialogue with the people and of human interests». Then the parliamentarians considered the issue of strengthening measures to ensure the guaranteed labor rights of citizens in accordance with the legislation of the republic and international labor standards.
This initiative of the Senate is caused primarily by the urgency of further strengthening the guarantees of labor rights of citizens in our country.
As it was mentioned, during the years of independence a solid legal basis was formed that created the conditions for securing in practice the universally recognized right of everyone to work, free choice of work, and fair working conditions. These fundamental social rights enshrined in international instruments are reflected in the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan and national legislation. They clearly established a ban on the use of child and forced labor.
Uzbekistan being a member of the International Labor Organization (ILO) has ratified 14 conventions of the organization, including the prohibition of child and forced labor, the provisions of which were consistently implemented into national legislation.
Uzbekistan established close and fruitful cooperation with the ILO in this field. In particular, the Country Program on Decent Work in Uzbekistan for 2017-2020 is currently being realized providing for a set of measures to protect the rights of citizens in the field of labor relations. Thanks to the constructive interaction with the ILO, the international image of the country was significantly improved and real progress was achieved.
The taken measures have positive results. In particular, child and forced labor are completely eradicated in the country. Since 2014, Uzbekistan is not mentioned in the list of states that have serious shortcomings in observance of ILO conventions.
The senators stressed that in the Strategy of Actions of the development of the Republic of Uzbekistan along the five priority directions, one of the priorities is to provide guarantees for the reliable protection of citizens' rights and freedoms. Further strengthening of guarantees of labor rights of citizens became separate and the most important direction of the great work in the Year of dialogue with the people and human interests.
As it was stressed, our country, resolutely reaffirming its commitment to international obligations, observance of human rights and freedoms and taking under strict control the continued provision of guaranteed labor rights of citizens in accordance with international standards, is open to constructive international cooperation in this field.
The participants of the meeting noted that in order to increase the effectiveness of all work to prevent the risks of forced labor at the present stage, it is necessary to ensure the comprehensive and systematic nature of the measures taken in the sphere of labor relations, to effectively use the potential of the social partnership of state bodies with public organizations.
Following a thorough discussion, the senators approved a resolution, according to which the Parliamentary Commission on ensuring the guaranteed labor rights of citizens is being established. Jokargy Kenes (Supreme Council) of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the Kengash (Council) of People's Deputies of the regions and the city of Tashkent are recommended to form the appropriate territorial commissions. Specific directions of their activity were determined. In order to ensure the openness of the activities of the Parliamentary Commission and the establishment of systematic parliamentary control, an order was introduced, according to which it will regularly submit the information on the results of the study of the activities of heads of state bodies, other organizations in the central administration and in places to enforce legislation and international agreements of the Republic of Uzbekistan related to securing the guaranteed labor rights of citizens, including omitting the use of forced labor to the plenary session of the Senate of Oliy Majlis. Territorial commissions will regularly submit relevant information to the Jokargy Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the regional and Tashkent city Kengashes of People's Deputies for consideration.
According to the decree, annual information on the measures taken by the public Uzbekistan to ensure the guaranteed labor rights of citizens in accordance with the law and international labor standards, will be distributed as official information of the UN General Assembly.
The resolution of the Senate specifies that through the consular institutions of our country abroad, information about the largescale work carried out in the country to ensure the guaranteed labor rights of citizens will be brought to the attention of the world community and international organizations, including international financial institutions.
As a result of the discussion, the participants of the meeting called on international organizations and financial institutions to objectivity when assessing the measures taken in Uzbekistan to prevent forced labor.
During the twelfth plenary session, eight issues within the competence of the Senate were considered, including the approval of two laws aimed at radically improving the effectiveness of the ongoing reforms in the country.