FAO Urges Ru­ral Youth Not to Hurry to Move to Cities

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - WORLD -

Ac­cord­ing to ex­perts of the Food and Agri­cul­ture Or­ga­ni­za­tion of the United Na­tions, to­day there are many op­por­tu­ni­ties to re­vi­tal­ize agri­cul­tural pro­duc­tion and raise the ru­ral econ­omy. This con­clu­sion was reached by the au­thors of the new re­port “The State of Food and Agri­cul­ture”.

It is ex­pected that in the pe­riod from 2015 to 2030, the num­ber of young peo­ple aged 15 to 24 will grow by ap­prox­i­mately 100 mil­lion peo­ple and amount to 1.3 bil­lion. Al­most all th­ese young peo­ple will en­ter the la­bor mar­ket.

There­fore, trans­for­ma­tions in the field of agri­cul­ture, the cre­ation of dy­namic food sys­tems and the sup­port of agro-in­dus­trial en­ter­prises can rad­i­cally change the sit­u­a­tion for the bet­ter. In ad­di­tion, it is im­por­tant to de­velop other ac­tiv­i­ties re­lated to agri­cul­ture. What is in mind are pro­cess­ing, pack­ag­ing, trans­porta­tion, ware­hous­ing, trad­ing com­pa­nies, as well as sup­pli­ers of equip­ment, seeds and fer­til­iz­ers.

An im­por­tant stim­u­lus for the eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment of ru­ral ar­eas is the grow­ing de­mand for their prod­ucts in cities.

The re­port out­lines three ar­eas of ac­tion. This is sup­port for small pro­duc­ers, cre­at­ing the nec­es­sary in­fra­struc­ture for con­nect­ing ru­ral ar­eas and ur­ban mar­kets, and this link should ex­tend not only to megac­i­ties, but also to smaller ur­ban cen­ters. FAO be­lieves that the role of small towns as food mar­kets is un­der­es­ti­mated. Mean­while, half of all ur­ban res­i­dents in de­vel­op­ing coun­tries live in cities and towns with a pop­u­la­tion of less than 500,000 peo­ple.

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