What Do Teachers Think?
In accordance with the State Program on the implementation of the Strategy of Actions along Five Priority Areas for the Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021, the “Ijtimoiy Fikr” Public Opinion Research Center has conducted a sociological survey “Teachers about their schools, children and themselves”.
This poll with participation of school, lyceum and college teachers showed that one of the task largely shaping (determining) the development of society, its future is to provide citizens with a quality and affordable education. In Uzbekistan, this sphere is considered as one of the most important and key areas of state policy. Professional skills of the teacher, his knowledge, ability and skills are considered as important factors to ensure the effectiveness of education.
Respondents believe that the reforms aim to improve the quality of basic education, to train highly qualified pedagogical personnel, to attract initiative and talented specialists who possess the skills of high general and professional culture, creative and social activity.
During the poll, the teachers needed to characterize the general atmosphere prevailing in the student groups. Most respondents positively assess the psychological and spiritual-moral climate in the classrooms. Teachers of colleges and lyceums more often noted that students lack sustainable moral priorities, in addition, they do not always understand their students.
According to respondents, the key role of the school, teachers in the intellectual and spiritual development of the child cannot be considered without interaction with the family. In the view of respondents, the educational institution, the teaching staff can only influence on the processes of socialization and upbringing of children in cooperation with parents, depending on how seriously and positively they evaluate the child's education in school and respect of his teachers.
Most of the respondents think that “difficult” children, especially those who constantly miss classes, behave aggressively towards their classmates and teachers. Teachers of colleges, more often mentioned about offences (violations) committed by students, rather than teachers of lyceums and schools. Almost every tenth interrogated noted that students of his educational institution committed petty thefts, engaged in (physical) fights. The poll results suggested that the hooligan manifestations and group fights are more often committed by college students.
According to the teachers, the main reason why students commit such offenses is the absence of a legal culture and an understanding for them that they violate the law and could be punished for it. Surveyed teachers mainly tend to attribute responsibility for antisocial behavior to unfavorable family influence.
According to the results of the survey, about half of the educational institutions (schools) have access to the National public educational information network “iyoNet”. Moreover, such networks use more urban rather than rural schools. In general, 75 percent of the respondents in the republic answered that their school libraries meet all the requirements and are completely filled. In lyceums and colleges, this indicator is slightly lower. At the same time, the results of the survey revealed that educational institutions (schools) lack of books and teaching materials and manuals. Especially academic lyceums and professional colleges have an acute shortage of them.
According to teachers, the transition of the education system to 11-year education will contribute to improve the quality of the educational process, to obtain systematic in-depth knowledge of basic school disciplines. Majority of respondents think, one of the main positive aspects of the reform will be that the students will be together during the eleven years of education, while forming mentally, psychologically and physically in their schools, their native peer group and teachers. This will ensure the continuity of education, the strengthening of the education of students in the spirit of universal human values and high spirituality, humanism, strengthening immunity to foreign ideas of «mass culture», reducing the number of illegal actions committed by minors. At the same time, for those who wish to receive secondary specialized education, the possibility of studying in lyceums and colleges remains.