Strengthening the Rule of Law
In accordance with the State Program “Year of Dialogue with the People and of Human Interests”, the Center for the Study of Public Opinion “Ijtimoiy Fikr” conducted a sociological survey “Reform of the Judicial and Legal System in the Mirror of Public Opinion”.
According to the results of this study, the majority of residents of Uzbekistan, namely 89.6%, noted that the measures taken under the leadership of the President of our country to reform the judicial and legal system give high hopes to strengthening the rule of law as the main guarantor of the protection of rights, freedoms and legitimate interests citizens, the construction of a democratic, rule-of-law state.
Uzbekistanis see the main goal of reforms in this sphere as increasing the effectiveness of the system of combating crime and preventing crime, ensuring the protection of citizens' rights and freedoms, strengthening the authority and genuine independence of the judiciary.
At the same time, the survey revealed that every third respondent does not have a sufficiently complete idea of the main objectives of the judicial and legal reform. In this regard, the development and introduction into practice of effective measures aimed at increasing the legal culture of the population, the level of knowledge of citizens of their rights and duties, and explaining the transformations in this area to the broad sections of the population take on special importance.
69.7% of the respondents noted that the positive effect of transforming the judicial and legal system concerns many spheres of life of society and the state. In the course of the survey, citizens pointed to improvements related to changes in the prevention and prevention of crime, ensuring rights and regulating relations in the sphere of business development, protecting the interests of entrepreneurs and improving the business climate.
Every third respondent believes that an insufficient level of informing the population about the stages of judicial and legal reform and the inadequate level of the legal culture of people are significant obstacles to the successful implementation of reforms in this area.
In the course of the sociological research, the point of view of the population about the protection of their rights and legitimate interests against all kinds of encroachments was revealed. The absolute majority (93.8%) of respondents feel their legal protection against possible violations.
The Virtual and People's Reception rooms of the President of Uzbekistan greatly contribute to the protection of the constitutional rights of citizens. Citizens were able to fully appreciate the effectiveness of their work in matters of ensuring the rule of law, strengthening the belief in the triumph of the principles of justice. Each second participant of the poll applied to the Virtual or People's Reception offices in case of infringement of their legitimate interests.
67.1% of Uzbeks are confident that they will be able to protect their interests and achieve restoration of violated rights in a lawful manner. Monitoring revealed that in recent years the number of citizens who are confident that they will be able to restore their legitimate rights and interests remain stable.
More than half of the respondents believe that the measures to reform the judicial and legal system undertaken within the framework of the Strategy of Action for the five priority development directions of Uzbekistan in 20172021 had a significant positive impact on the activities of law enforcement agencies, human rights organizations and public institutions.
As one of the key areas of judicial and legal reform, the Strategy of Action provides for the expansion of guarantees for the reliable protection of human rights and freedoms, increasing the level of citizens' access to justice.
Thus, the results of the sociological survey have convincingly demonstrated that the Uzbek people are aware of the importance of reforming the judicial and legal system, support the ongoing policy in the country to further democratize it.
(As part of the social order of the Public Fund for Supporting NGOs and Other Civil Society Institutions under the Oliy Majlis).