Strength­en­ing the Rule of Law

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - TODAY IN UZBEKISTAN - Igor Saneyev

In ac­cor­dance with the State Pro­gram “Year of Di­a­logue with the Peo­ple and of Hu­man In­ter­ests”, the Cen­ter for the Study of Pub­lic Opin­ion “Ij­ti­moiy Fikr” con­ducted a so­ci­o­log­i­cal sur­vey “Re­form of the Ju­di­cial and Le­gal Sys­tem in the Mir­ror of Pub­lic Opin­ion”.

Ac­cord­ing to the re­sults of this study, the ma­jor­ity of res­i­dents of Uzbek­istan, namely 89.6%, noted that the mea­sures taken un­der the lead­er­ship of the Pres­i­dent of our coun­try to re­form the ju­di­cial and le­gal sys­tem give high hopes to strength­en­ing the rule of law as the main guar­an­tor of the pro­tec­tion of rights, free­doms and le­git­i­mate in­ter­ests cit­i­zens, the con­struc­tion of a demo­cratic, rule-of-law state.

Uzbek­ista­nis see the main goal of re­forms in this sphere as in­creas­ing the ef­fec­tive­ness of the sys­tem of com­bat­ing crime and pre­vent­ing crime, en­sur­ing the pro­tec­tion of cit­i­zens' rights and free­doms, strength­en­ing the author­ity and gen­uine in­de­pen­dence of the ju­di­ciary.

At the same time, the sur­vey re­vealed that ev­ery third re­spon­dent does not have a suf­fi­ciently com­plete idea of the main ob­jec­tives of the ju­di­cial and le­gal re­form. In this re­gard, the de­vel­op­ment and in­tro­duc­tion into prac­tice of ef­fec­tive mea­sures aimed at in­creas­ing the le­gal cul­ture of the pop­u­la­tion, the level of knowl­edge of cit­i­zens of their rights and du­ties, and ex­plain­ing the trans­for­ma­tions in this area to the broad sec­tions of the pop­u­la­tion take on spe­cial im­por­tance.

69.7% of the re­spon­dents noted that the pos­i­tive ef­fect of trans­form­ing the ju­di­cial and le­gal sys­tem con­cerns many spheres of life of so­ci­ety and the state. In the course of the sur­vey, cit­i­zens pointed to im­prove­ments re­lated to changes in the pre­ven­tion and pre­ven­tion of crime, en­sur­ing rights and reg­u­lat­ing re­la­tions in the sphere of busi­ness de­vel­op­ment, pro­tect­ing the in­ter­ests of en­trepreneurs and im­prov­ing the busi­ness cli­mate.

Ev­ery third re­spon­dent be­lieves that an in­suf­fi­cient level of in­form­ing the pop­u­la­tion about the stages of ju­di­cial and le­gal re­form and the in­ad­e­quate level of the le­gal cul­ture of peo­ple are sig­nif­i­cant ob­sta­cles to the suc­cess­ful im­ple­men­ta­tion of re­forms in this area.

In the course of the so­ci­o­log­i­cal re­search, the point of view of the pop­u­la­tion about the pro­tec­tion of their rights and le­git­i­mate in­ter­ests against all kinds of en­croach­ments was re­vealed. The ab­so­lute ma­jor­ity (93.8%) of re­spon­dents feel their le­gal pro­tec­tion against pos­si­ble vi­o­la­tions.

The Vir­tual and Peo­ple's Re­cep­tion rooms of the Pres­i­dent of Uzbek­istan greatly con­trib­ute to the pro­tec­tion of the con­sti­tu­tional rights of cit­i­zens. Cit­i­zens were able to fully ap­pre­ci­ate the ef­fec­tive­ness of their work in mat­ters of en­sur­ing the rule of law, strength­en­ing the be­lief in the tri­umph of the prin­ci­ples of jus­tice. Each sec­ond par­tic­i­pant of the poll ap­plied to the Vir­tual or Peo­ple's Re­cep­tion of­fices in case of in­fringe­ment of their le­git­i­mate in­ter­ests.

67.1% of Uzbeks are con­fi­dent that they will be able to pro­tect their in­ter­ests and achieve restora­tion of vi­o­lated rights in a law­ful man­ner. Mon­i­tor­ing re­vealed that in re­cent years the num­ber of cit­i­zens who are con­fi­dent that they will be able to re­store their le­git­i­mate rights and in­ter­ests re­main sta­ble.

More than half of the re­spon­dents be­lieve that the mea­sures to re­form the ju­di­cial and le­gal sys­tem un­der­taken within the frame­work of the Strat­egy of Ac­tion for the five pri­or­ity de­vel­op­ment direc­tions of Uzbek­istan in 20172021 had a sig­nif­i­cant pos­i­tive im­pact on the ac­tiv­i­ties of law en­force­ment agen­cies, hu­man rights or­ga­ni­za­tions and pub­lic in­sti­tu­tions.

As one of the key ar­eas of ju­di­cial and le­gal re­form, the Strat­egy of Ac­tion pro­vides for the ex­pan­sion of guar­an­tees for the re­li­able pro­tec­tion of hu­man rights and free­doms, in­creas­ing the level of cit­i­zens' ac­cess to jus­tice.

Thus, the re­sults of the so­ci­o­log­i­cal sur­vey have con­vinc­ingly demon­strated that the Uzbek peo­ple are aware of the im­por­tance of re­form­ing the ju­di­cial and le­gal sys­tem, sup­port the on­go­ing pol­icy in the coun­try to fur­ther de­moc­ra­tize it.

(As part of the so­cial or­der of the Pub­lic Fund for Sup­port­ing NGOs and Other Civil So­ci­ety In­sti­tu­tions un­der the Oliy Ma­jlis).

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