How Do We Treat the Ba­sic Law?

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - TODAY IN UZBEKISTAN - Igor Ch­ernykh

The Cen­ter for the Study of Pub­lic Opin­ion “Ij­ti­moiy Fikr” con­ducted a so­ci­o­log­i­cal sur­vey on “25 years of the Con­sti­tu­tion of the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan”, the main fo­cus of which was to study the at­ti­tude of cit­i­zens to the Ba­sic Law of the coun­try, to de­ter­mine the level of le­gal lit­er­acy of the pop­u­la­tion.

The re­sults of the re­search showed that for the pop­u­la­tion of the coun­try the Con­sti­tu­tion Day is a na­tional hol­i­day filled with deep his­tor­i­cal and po­lit­i­cal sig­nif­i­cance. Uzbek cit­i­zens re­al­ize that with the adop­tion of the Ba­sic Law, the peo­ple of Uzbek­istan have de­ter­mined the fu­ture of the Moth­er­land, its place in the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity.

The over­whelm­ing ma­jor­ity of re­spon­dents (90.5%) be­lieve that the Con­sti­tu­tion is the main doc­u­ment reg­u­lat­ing le­gal re­la­tions in the coun­try, which es­tab­lishes the fun­da­men­tal foun­da­tions for the for­ma­tion of a sov­er­eign state and a just so­ci­ety, com­mit­ment to the pro­tect­ing and strength­en­ing hu­man rights, the ideals of democ­racy and so­cial jus­tice, the en­sur­ing civil peace and in­tereth­nic har­mony.

Ac­cord­ing to Uzbeks, the Ba­sic Law is one of the main sym­bols of state­hood, the ideas and norms of which re­flect the cen­turies-old ex­pe­ri­ence and spir­i­tual val­ues, the rich his­tor­i­cal legacy of our peo­ple.

The ma­jor­ity of re­spon­dents (86.3%) be­lieve that the Con­sti­tu­tion not only meets mod­ern re­quire­ments of the times, but is also de­signed for the fu­ture. They are con­vinced that its pro­vi­sions guar­an­tee the ir­re­versible grad­ual, con­sis­tent so­cio-eco­nomic and po­lit­i­cal re­forms in the coun­try, the op­ti­mal com­bi­na­tion of dy­namism and sta­bil­ity in the de­vel­op­ment and mod­ern­iza­tion of the coun­try, which along with the uni­ver­sal le­gal val­ues that have passed the test of time it in­cludes the con­sti­tu­tional ex­pe­ri­ence civ­i­lized states, na­tional pe­cu­liar­i­ties, spir­i­tual and moral val­ues and a rich ex­pe­ri­ence of the state­hood of the peo­ple of Uzbek­istan. This cre­ates all the nec­es­sary con­di­tions for the evo­lu­tion­ary le­gal de­vel­op­ment of the state and so­ci­ety, their ef­fec­tive in­ter­ac­tion in or­der to in­crease the dy­namism and ef­fec­tive­ness of demo­cratic re­forms.

In the course of the sur­vey, Uzbek peo­ple ex­pressed their con­vic­tion that a high le­gal cul­ture is the im­per­a­tive of the times. In mod­ern con­di­tions it is nec­es­sary that ev­ery cit­i­zen at­tains a high level of le­gal aware­ness, le­gal lit­er­acy and could in prac­tice ap­ply the ac­quired le­gal knowl­edge.

The ma­jor­ity of re­spon­dents (92.6%) are well in­formed about their civil rights. This is nat­u­ral, since ef­fec­tive mea­sures have been set up in the coun­try aimed at rais­ing the level of the le­gal cul­ture of the pop­u­la­tion, timely in­form­ing cit­i­zens about the essence of the laws and de­crees and reg­u­la­tions that have been adopted and al­ready in force.

The sur­vey showed that, Uzbeks are quite knowl­edge­able about the con­tent of the Con­sti­tu­tion. Cit­i­zens with higher ed­u­ca­tion, ser­vice­men, law en­force­ment of­fi­cers and stu­dents are pre­dom­i­nat­ing among them.

In the opin­ion of Uzbek peo­ple, the Ba­sic Law pro­ceeds from the very fact of the ex­is­tence of an in­de­pen­dent, demo­cratic state - the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan, there are no ar­ti­cles that would in some way in­fringe on hu­man rights depend­ing on gen­der, na­tion­al­ity, race, age, prop­erty sta­tus, re­li­gious be­liefs in it. It es­tab­lishes the fun­da­men­tal essence of democ­racy, ac­cord­ing to which “the peo­ple are the only source of state power”. The strong point, ac­cord­ing to cit­i­zens, is that our Con­sti­tu­tion is based on uni­ver­sal prin­ci­ples, ac­cord­ing to which the high­est value is a per­son, his life, free­dom, honor, dig­nity and such in­alien­able rights as the right to prop­erty, work and paid rest, so­cial pro­vi­sion in old age, qual­i­fied med­i­cal care, and ed­u­ca­tion.

The ab­so­lute ma­jor­ity of cit­i­zens (94.8%) an­swered that they fully guar­an­teed their ba­sic con­sti­tu­tional rights and en­sured the pri­or­ity of the rule of law in Uzbek­istan.

The re­sults of the sur­vey show that over the years of in­de­pen­dence the Con­sti­tu­tion has be­come a solid foun­da­tion for build­ing a le­gal demo­cratic state in the coun­try, a strong civil so­ci­ety, the ba­sis for de­vel­op­ing a so­cially ori­ented econ­omy based on mar­ket re­la­tions and the pri­or­ity of pri­vate prop­erty, creat­ing fa­vor­able con­di­tions for the life of cit­i­zens re­gard­less of their na­tion­al­ity and re­li­gion.

The poll showed that the Uzbek peo­ple sup­port the mea­sures im­ple­mented in the coun­try un­der the lead­er­ship of the Pres­i­dent Shavkat Mirziy­oyev aimed at en­sur­ing and pro­tect­ing the rights and in­ter­ests of cit­i­zens, fur­ther im­prov­ing the le­gal cul­ture of the pop­u­la­tion, creat­ing the nec­es­sary con­di­tions for build­ing a demo­cratic rule of law.

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