How Do We Treat the Basic Law?
The Center for the Study of Public Opinion “Ijtimoiy Fikr” conducted a sociological survey on “25 years of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, the main focus of which was to study the attitude of citizens to the Basic Law of the country, to determine the level of legal literacy of the population.
The results of the research showed that for the population of the country the Constitution Day is a national holiday filled with deep historical and political significance. Uzbek citizens realize that with the adoption of the Basic Law, the people of Uzbekistan have determined the future of the Motherland, its place in the international community.
The overwhelming majority of respondents (90.5%) believe that the Constitution is the main document regulating legal relations in the country, which establishes the fundamental foundations for the formation of a sovereign state and a just society, commitment to the protecting and strengthening human rights, the ideals of democracy and social justice, the ensuring civil peace and interethnic harmony.
According to Uzbeks, the Basic Law is one of the main symbols of statehood, the ideas and norms of which reflect the centuries-old experience and spiritual values, the rich historical legacy of our people.
The majority of respondents (86.3%) believe that the Constitution not only meets modern requirements of the times, but is also designed for the future. They are convinced that its provisions guarantee the irreversible gradual, consistent socio-economic and political reforms in the country, the optimal combination of dynamism and stability in the development and modernization of the country, which along with the universal legal values that have passed the test of time it includes the constitutional experience civilized states, national peculiarities, spiritual and moral values and a rich experience of the statehood of the people of Uzbekistan. This creates all the necessary conditions for the evolutionary legal development of the state and society, their effective interaction in order to increase the dynamism and effectiveness of democratic reforms.
In the course of the survey, Uzbek people expressed their conviction that a high legal culture is the imperative of the times. In modern conditions it is necessary that every citizen attains a high level of legal awareness, legal literacy and could in practice apply the acquired legal knowledge.
The majority of respondents (92.6%) are well informed about their civil rights. This is natural, since effective measures have been set up in the country aimed at raising the level of the legal culture of the population, timely informing citizens about the essence of the laws and decrees and regulations that have been adopted and already in force.
The survey showed that, Uzbeks are quite knowledgeable about the content of the Constitution. Citizens with higher education, servicemen, law enforcement officers and students are predominating among them.
In the opinion of Uzbek people, the Basic Law proceeds from the very fact of the existence of an independent, democratic state - the Republic of Uzbekistan, there are no articles that would in some way infringe on human rights depending on gender, nationality, race, age, property status, religious beliefs in it. It establishes the fundamental essence of democracy, according to which “the people are the only source of state power”. The strong point, according to citizens, is that our Constitution is based on universal principles, according to which the highest value is a person, his life, freedom, honor, dignity and such inalienable rights as the right to property, work and paid rest, social provision in old age, qualified medical care, and education.
The absolute majority of citizens (94.8%) answered that they fully guaranteed their basic constitutional rights and ensured the priority of the rule of law in Uzbekistan.
The results of the survey show that over the years of independence the Constitution has become a solid foundation for building a legal democratic state in the country, a strong civil society, the basis for developing a socially oriented economy based on market relations and the priority of private property, creating favorable conditions for the life of citizens regardless of their nationality and religion.
The poll showed that the Uzbek people support the measures implemented in the country under the leadership of the President Shavkat Mirziyoyev aimed at ensuring and protecting the rights and interests of citizens, further improving the legal culture of the population, creating the necessary conditions for building a democratic rule of law.