Progress in the Field of Hu­man Rights

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - TODAY IN UZBEKISTAN - Tahir Makhkamov

The in­ter­na­tional con­fer­ence on “Com­par­a­tive in­di­ca­tors on mea­sur­ing progress in the field of hu­man rights: in­ter­na­tional prac­tice and ex­pe­ri­ence of Uzbek­istan” was held in Tashkent and Sa­markand.

The event was or­ga­nized by the Na­tional Cen­ter for Hu­man Rights of the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan, the Of­fice of the United Na­tions High Com­mis­sioner for Hu­man Rights, the UNHCR Re­gional Of­fice for Cen­tral Asia, the United Na­tions De­vel­op­ment Pro­gram Of­fice and the F.Ebert Foun­da­tion (Ger­many) in Uzbek­istan, the OSCE Project Co­or­di­na­tor in our coun­try.

Ex­perts from in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions, prominent po­lit­i­cal sci­en­tists and ju­rists from Slo­vakia, China and other coun­tries, deputies of the Leg­isla­tive Cham­ber and mem­bers of the Se­nate of Oliy Ma­jlis, rep­re­sen­ta­tives of ex­ec­u­tive and ju­di­cial au­thor­i­ties, civil so­ci­ety in­sti­tu­tions, ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tu­tions, in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions and the diplo­matic corps at­tended the in­ter­na­tional con­fer­ence.

The main fo­cus of the event is to study suc­cess­ful in­ter­na­tional prac­tice in mea­sur­ing the progress of hu­man rights in the world, de­vel­op­ing in­di­ca­tors for en­sur­ing com­pli­ance with and pro­tec­tion of cer­tain cat­e­gories of hu­man rights and free­doms, in par­tic­u­lar civil, po­lit­i­cal, so­cial, eco­nomic, cul­tural, as well as rights and free­doms glob­al­iza­tion and in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy.

The event pro­vided in­for­ma­tion on the work car­ried out in ac­cor­dance with the Strat­egy for the five pri­or­ity ar­eas of de­vel­op­ment of Uzbek­istan in the field of hu­man rights pro­tec­tion. Is­sues of im­prov­ing the leg­is­la­tion of Uzbek­istan and in­ter­na­tional mech­a­nisms for pro­tect­ing hu­man rights, na­tional and in­ter­na­tional ex­pe­ri­ence in as­sess­ing the ef­fec­tive­ness of na­tional hu­man rights in­sti­tu­tions, in­di­ca­tors of mea­sur­ing the level of gen­der equal­ity and re­spect for hu­man rights, etc. were dis­cussed.

The con­fer­ence par­tic­i­pants noted in their ad­dresses that un­der the lead­er­ship of Pres­i­dent Shavkat Mirziy­oyev in Uzbek­istan, in the process of build­ing a demo­cratic rule-of-law state and a strong civil so­ci­ety, spe­cial at­ten­tion is paid to en­sur­ing hu­man rights, free­doms and le­git­i­mate in­ter­ests.

Within the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the Strat­egy of Ac­tion over the past pe­riod, more than 20 laws, over 700 de­crees and de­ci­sions of the Pres­i­dent, govern­ment acts were adopted aimed at fur­ther mod­ern­iza­tion of the coun­try, en­sur­ing the rule of law and hu­man rights, real im­prove­ment the stan­dard of liv­ing and qual­ity of life of the pop­u­la­tion cit­i­zens.

To­day, Uzbek­istan has ac­ceded to more than 70 in­ter­na­tional hu­man rights in­stru­ments, rat­i­fied ten ba­sic UN doc­u­ments, and has been con­sis­tently ful­fill­ing its obli­ga­tion to re­spect and pro­tect hu­man rights and free­doms.

In 2017, UN Sec­re­tary Gen­eral An­tónio Guter­res, UN High Com­mis­sioner for Hu­man Rights Zeid Ra'ad al-Hus­sein, UN Spe­cial Rap­por­teur on the free­dom of re­li­gion and be­lief Ahmed Shahid vis­ited Uzbek­istan.

Fol­low­ing the visit of the High Com­mis­sioner, the Par­lia­ment of our coun­try adopted the Ac­tion Plan for fur­ther de­vel­op­ment of co­op­er­a­tion with the Of­fice of the United Na­tions High Com­mis­sioner for Hu­man Rights. This doc­u­ment in­cludes more than 90 events in the field of pro­tec­tion of hu­man rights and free­doms.

“The year 2017 in Uzbek­istan has be­come a year of ex­ten­sive work to en­sure hu­man rights,” said Richard Komenda, head of the re­gional of­fice for Cen­tral Asia of the Of­fice of the United Na­tions High Com­mis­sioner for Hu­man Rights. “It is worth not­ing that or­ga­ni­za­tional and le­gal mea­sures in this di­rec­tion are in line with in­ter­na­tional stan­dards, they prac­ti­cally re­flect hu­man in­ter­ests. The con­fer­ence, con­ducted in ac­cor­dance with the Ac­tion Plan de­vel­oped by the Par­lia­ment of Uzbek­istan, will serve as an im­por­tant fac­tor in con­tin­u­ing the joint work at a qual­i­ta­tively new level.”

At the same time our prac­tice shows that that the ef­fec­tive en­force­ment of hu­man rights de­pends on the avail­abil­ity of ap­pro­pri­ate tools for the fur­ther de­vel­op­ment of mea­sures to de­velop a par­tic­u­lar area of hu­man rights. Com­par­a­tive in­di­ca­tors are an im­por­tant tool for mea­sur­ing progress, as their ap­pli­ca­tion will al­low to study the real sit­u­a­tion with hu­man rights and to de­velop fur­ther steps to im­prove the pro­tec­tion of hu­man rights. The use of in­di­ca­tors and bench­marks in the field of hu­man rights al­lows the state to ef­fec­tively mon­i­tor and to eval­u­ate progress in the im­ple­men­ta­tion of in­ter­na­tional hu­man rights norms.

Within the frame­work of the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the sec­ond pri­or­ity area of the Strat­egy for Ac­tion, leg­isla­tive and or­ga­ni­za­tional mea­sures are be­ing taken to en­sure the rule of law and gen­uine in­de­pen­dence of the ju­di­ciary. In ac­cor­dance with in­ter­na­tional stan­dards, a new con­sti­tu­tional body of the ju­di­ciary has been cre­ated - the Supreme Ju­di­cial Coun­cil. The term of of­fice of judges has been in­creased. In or­der to pre­vent un­rea­son­able de­lays in the courts, the time for their con­sid­er­a­tion has been rad­i­cally changed. Du­ra­tion of ini­tial cus­tody was re­duced from 72 up to 48 hours; the role of lawyers is strength­ened. These mea­sures fully com­ply with the rec­om­men­da­tions of the Hu­man Rights Coun­cil and the UN treaty bod­ies fol­low­ing the con­sid­er­a­tion of the na­tional re­ports of Uzbek­istan.

The par­tic­i­pants of the con­fer­ence noted that in Uzbek­istan the is­sue of hu­man rights pro­tec­tion is con­sid­ered as a pri­or­ity task of the coun­try's pol­icy and it is solved in co­op­er­a­tion with in­ter­na­tional part­ners.

Ac­cord­ing to the par­tic­i­pants, within the frame­work of the fur­ther de­vel­op­ment of the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan, it is im­por­tant to de­velop its own set of in­di­ca­tors for as­sess­ing the so­cial, eco­nomic, cul­tural, en­vi­ron­men­tal, le­gal pol­icy of the state from the point of view of the pro­tec­tion of con­sti­tu­tional hu­man and cit­i­zen rights.

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