Progress in the Field of Human Rights
The international conference on “Comparative indicators on measuring progress in the field of human rights: international practice and experience of Uzbekistan” was held in Tashkent and Samarkand.
The event was organized by the National Center for Human Rights of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the UNHCR Regional Office for Central Asia, the United Nations Development Program Office and the F.Ebert Foundation (Germany) in Uzbekistan, the OSCE Project Coordinator in our country.
Experts from international organizations, prominent political scientists and jurists from Slovakia, China and other countries, deputies of the Legislative Chamber and members of the Senate of Oliy Majlis, representatives of executive and judicial authorities, civil society institutions, educational institutions, international organizations and the diplomatic corps attended the international conference.
The main focus of the event is to study successful international practice in measuring the progress of human rights in the world, developing indicators for ensuring compliance with and protection of certain categories of human rights and freedoms, in particular civil, political, social, economic, cultural, as well as rights and freedoms globalization and information technology.
The event provided information on the work carried out in accordance with the Strategy for the five priority areas of development of Uzbekistan in the field of human rights protection. Issues of improving the legislation of Uzbekistan and international mechanisms for protecting human rights, national and international experience in assessing the effectiveness of national human rights institutions, indicators of measuring the level of gender equality and respect for human rights, etc. were discussed.
The conference participants noted in their addresses that under the leadership of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev in Uzbekistan, in the process of building a democratic rule-of-law state and a strong civil society, special attention is paid to ensuring human rights, freedoms and legitimate interests.
Within the implementation of the Strategy of Action over the past period, more than 20 laws, over 700 decrees and decisions of the President, government acts were adopted aimed at further modernization of the country, ensuring the rule of law and human rights, real improvement the standard of living and quality of life of the population citizens.
Today, Uzbekistan has acceded to more than 70 international human rights instruments, ratified ten basic UN documents, and has been consistently fulfilling its obligation to respect and protect human rights and freedoms.
In 2017, UN Secretary General António Guterres, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein, UN Special Rapporteur on the freedom of religion and belief Ahmed Shahid visited Uzbekistan.
Following the visit of the High Commissioner, the Parliament of our country adopted the Action Plan for further development of cooperation with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. This document includes more than 90 events in the field of protection of human rights and freedoms.
“The year 2017 in Uzbekistan has become a year of extensive work to ensure human rights,” said Richard Komenda, head of the regional office for Central Asia of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. “It is worth noting that organizational and legal measures in this direction are in line with international standards, they practically reflect human interests. The conference, conducted in accordance with the Action Plan developed by the Parliament of Uzbekistan, will serve as an important factor in continuing the joint work at a qualitatively new level.”
At the same time our practice shows that that the effective enforcement of human rights depends on the availability of appropriate tools for the further development of measures to develop a particular area of human rights. Comparative indicators are an important tool for measuring progress, as their application will allow to study the real situation with human rights and to develop further steps to improve the protection of human rights. The use of indicators and benchmarks in the field of human rights allows the state to effectively monitor and to evaluate progress in the implementation of international human rights norms.
Within the framework of the implementation of the second priority area of the Strategy for Action, legislative and organizational measures are being taken to ensure the rule of law and genuine independence of the judiciary. In accordance with international standards, a new constitutional body of the judiciary has been created - the Supreme Judicial Council. The term of office of judges has been increased. In order to prevent unreasonable delays in the courts, the time for their consideration has been radically changed. Duration of initial custody was reduced from 72 up to 48 hours; the role of lawyers is strengthened. These measures fully comply with the recommendations of the Human Rights Council and the UN treaty bodies following the consideration of the national reports of Uzbekistan.
The participants of the conference noted that in Uzbekistan the issue of human rights protection is considered as a priority task of the country's policy and it is solved in cooperation with international partners.
According to the participants, within the framework of the further development of the Republic of Uzbekistan, it is important to develop its own set of indicators for assessing the social, economic, cultural, environmental, legal policy of the state from the point of view of the protection of constitutional human and citizen rights.