Everyone Can Attain Education
There are 264 million children and youth out of school and 100 million young people currently unable to read. Globally, less than 20% of countries legally guarantee 12 years of free and compulsory education.
These data are presented in UNESCO's recently published report on education monitoring, “Accountability in Education: meeting commitments”.
The report analyzes statistics of 128 countries for 2010-2015. It emphasized that the large-scale results of education depend on the execution of responsibilities by many parties. The provision of an inclusive education and fair quality education is often a collective in nature in which all parties make concerted efforts to fulfill their responsibilities. The report includes an overview of the various mechanisms used to ensure accountability of the governments, schools, teachers, parents, international organizations and private actors to promote the inclusiveness, equity and quality of education.
Survey data from 2010–2015 indicate completion rates were 83% for primary, 69% for lower secondary and 45% for upper secondary education. However, only in 17% of countries have a compulsory one-year pre-school education for children worldwide. It is noted that boys and girls have equal opportunities to study in primary school in 66% of countries, in middle school - 45%, in higher school - 25%.
The report refers to the responsibility of parents for visiting educational institutions. In more than 30 countries, measures have been taken to combat non-attendance of schools. Thus, the amount of maximum fines for parents was set in Japan ($878), Bulgaria ($556), Serbia ($441), and in Belgium, France and Singapore, punishment for prison terms were stipulated.
Attention is paid to the conditions created in different countries in the education system. In particular, in many (mostly poor) countries, primary schools have no electricity. Primary school access to drinking water was below 75% in 72 of 148 countries. Less than 50% of schools in 24 countries out of 137 studied were provided for basic sanitation conditions.
UNESCO calls on governments to develop a system of school and teacher accountability, to avoid punitive mechanisms in assessing the activities of educational institutions, as the demand for the level of education of the child should be equal on all sides - schools, families, governments, societies.
Comparison of data on access to education in a number of countries with the state of affairs in Uzbekistan shows how much our republic has advanced in the sphere of ensuring one of the fundamental human rights - the right to education. For example, in Uzbekistan there are more than 9.6 thousand general schools, and full coverage of schoolchildren from 7 to 16 years is ensured. Everyone who graduated from 9 classes necessarily continues to study in the academic lyceum, professional college, and this year it was possible to finish school in the 10-11th grades of the school.
There are about 5 thousand preschool institutions in the republic. Enrolment coverage is 18 percent for children aged one to six years.
Presently, a network of nongovernmental kindergartens is being created in the country, cardinal measures are being implemented to ensure the availability and quality of preschool education. The Ministry of Preschool Education has been created, that indicates the priority of this direction of education in the state policy of Uzbekistan.