Every­one Can At­tain Ed­u­ca­tion

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - SOCIAL ORBIT - San­jar An­varov

There are 264 mil­lion chil­dren and youth out of school and 100 mil­lion young peo­ple cur­rently un­able to read. Glob­ally, less than 20% of coun­tries legally guar­an­tee 12 years of free and com­pul­sory ed­u­ca­tion.

These data are pre­sented in UNESCO's re­cently pub­lished re­port on ed­u­ca­tion mon­i­tor­ing, “Ac­count­abil­ity in Ed­u­ca­tion: meet­ing com­mit­ments”.

The re­port an­a­lyzes sta­tis­tics of 128 coun­tries for 2010-2015. It em­pha­sized that the large-scale re­sults of ed­u­ca­tion de­pend on the ex­e­cu­tion of re­spon­si­bil­i­ties by many par­ties. The pro­vi­sion of an in­clu­sive ed­u­ca­tion and fair qual­ity ed­u­ca­tion is of­ten a col­lec­tive in na­ture in which all par­ties make con­certed ef­forts to ful­fill their re­spon­si­bil­i­ties. The re­port in­cludes an over­view of the var­i­ous mech­a­nisms used to en­sure ac­count­abil­ity of the gov­ern­ments, schools, teach­ers, par­ents, in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions and pri­vate ac­tors to pro­mote the in­clu­sive­ness, eq­uity and qual­ity of ed­u­ca­tion.

Sur­vey data from 2010–2015 in­di­cate com­ple­tion rates were 83% for pri­mary, 69% for lower sec­ondary and 45% for up­per sec­ondary ed­u­ca­tion. How­ever, only in 17% of coun­tries have a com­pul­sory one-year pre-school ed­u­ca­tion for chil­dren world­wide. It is noted that boys and girls have equal op­por­tu­ni­ties to study in pri­mary school in 66% of coun­tries, in mid­dle school - 45%, in higher school - 25%.

The re­port refers to the re­spon­si­bil­ity of par­ents for vis­it­ing ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tu­tions. In more than 30 coun­tries, mea­sures have been taken to com­bat non-at­ten­dance of schools. Thus, the amount of max­i­mum fines for par­ents was set in Ja­pan ($878), Bul­garia ($556), Ser­bia ($441), and in Bel­gium, France and Sin­ga­pore, pun­ish­ment for prison terms were stip­u­lated.

At­ten­tion is paid to the con­di­tions cre­ated in dif­fer­ent coun­tries in the ed­u­ca­tion sys­tem. In par­tic­u­lar, in many (mostly poor) coun­tries, pri­mary schools have no elec­tric­ity. Pri­mary school ac­cess to drink­ing wa­ter was be­low 75% in 72 of 148 coun­tries. Less than 50% of schools in 24 coun­tries out of 137 stud­ied were pro­vided for ba­sic san­i­ta­tion con­di­tions.

UNESCO calls on gov­ern­ments to de­velop a sys­tem of school and teacher ac­count­abil­ity, to avoid puni­tive mech­a­nisms in as­sess­ing the ac­tiv­i­ties of ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tu­tions, as the de­mand for the level of ed­u­ca­tion of the child should be equal on all sides - schools, fam­i­lies, gov­ern­ments, so­ci­eties.

Com­par­i­son of data on ac­cess to ed­u­ca­tion in a num­ber of coun­tries with the state of af­fairs in Uzbek­istan shows how much our repub­lic has ad­vanced in the sphere of en­sur­ing one of the fun­da­men­tal hu­man rights - the right to ed­u­ca­tion. For ex­am­ple, in Uzbek­istan there are more than 9.6 thou­sand gen­eral schools, and full cov­er­age of school­child­ren from 7 to 16 years is en­sured. Every­one who grad­u­ated from 9 classes nec­es­sar­ily con­tin­ues to study in the aca­demic lyceum, pro­fes­sional col­lege, and this year it was pos­si­ble to fin­ish school in the 10-11th grades of the school.

There are about 5 thou­sand preschool in­sti­tu­tions in the repub­lic. En­rol­ment cov­er­age is 18 per­cent for chil­dren aged one to six years.

Presently, a net­work of non­govern­men­tal kinder­gartens is be­ing cre­ated in the coun­try, car­di­nal mea­sures are be­ing im­ple­mented to en­sure the avail­abil­ity and qual­ity of preschool ed­u­ca­tion. The Min­istry of Preschool Ed­u­ca­tion has been cre­ated, that in­di­cates the pri­or­ity of this di­rec­tion of ed­u­ca­tion in the state pol­icy of Uzbek­istan.

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