Un­cer­tain Truth

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - SOCIAL ORBIT - Davlat Umarov

Uzbek­istan has hosted events on the oc­ca­sion of World Di­a­betes Day, which is cel­e­brated an­nu­ally on Novem­ber 14. Di­a­betes mel­li­tus is one of the most com­mon en­docrine dis­eases, which ac­cord­ing to sta­tis­tics af­fects more than 350 mil­lion peo­ple world­wide. The causes of this dis­ease can be mal­nu­tri­tion, lack of phys­i­cal ac­tiv­ity, stress­ful sit­u­a­tions and much more. To draw the at­ten­tion of the gen­eral pub­lic to this ur­gent prob­lem, the World Health Or­ga­ni­za­tion and the In­ter­na­tional Di­a­betes Fed­er­a­tion de­cided to pro­claim Novem­ber 14 as the World Day against Di­a­betes.

For a long time this ail­ment re­mained among the in­cur­able, in most cases lead­ing to death. To­day, thanks to the achieve­ments of physi­cians, it can be kept un­der con­trol, and the suc­cesses of sci­en­tists in the field of di­a­betol­ogy al­low us to look op­ti­misti­cally at the so­lu­tion of the prob­lems caused by this dis­ease. So, spe­cial­ists of the Tashkent city en­docrinol­ogy dis­pen­sary are work­ing on the treat­ment, pro­mo­tion of a healthy life­style among the pop­u­la­tion, rais­ing the level of aware­ness of the cit­i­zens about the fac­tors of the on­set of this dis­ease.

An im­por­tant as­pect is the in­volve­ment of peo­ple in the im­ple­men­ta­tion of pre­ven­tive mea­sures in or­der to avoid di­a­betes mel­li­tus or for its timely de­tec­tion. For this pur­pose, the staffs of the dis­pen­sary in con­junc­tion with the Tashkent branch of the Sci­en­tific-Re­search In­sti­tute of Pub­lic Health and Health­care Or­ga­ni­za­tion reg­u­larly or­ga­nize outreach lec­tures in ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tu­tions. These meet­ings dis­cuss such top­ics as a healthy life­style, nu­tri­tion, pre­ven­tion of obe­sity and much more. From the be­gin­ning of 2017 more than 190 lec­tures are to­tally con­ducted by spe­cial­ists. In ad­di­tion to work­ing with the pub­lic, the doc­torsmethod­ol­o­gists of the dis­pen­sary or­ga­nize classes in which they teach gen­eral prac­ti­tion­ers of city fam­ily poly­clin­ics to meth­ods of work­ing with pa­tients with di­a­betes mel­li­tus.

This anal­y­sis has helped to iden­tify the most of the pa­tients with this dis­ease this year. In the dis­pen­sary, they re­ceive com­pre­hen­sive coun­sel­ing and treat­ment. Tra­di­tion­ally, there is a month of strug­gle against di­a­betes in our coun­try on Novem­ber, dur­ing which var­i­ous ac­tiv­i­ties are be­ing con­ducted aimed at in­volv­ing the pop­u­la­tion in the prob­lem. One such event is the out­go­ing “schools of self­con­trol” or­ga­nized by the dis­pen­sary in con­junc­tion with col­leagues from the Repub­li­can spe­cial­ized med­i­cal cen­ter of en­docrinol­ogy doc­tors of the district’s poly­clin­ics of the city.

The ac­tiv­ity of this “school” is con­nected with train­ing of pa­tients to in­de­pen­dently con­trol over the diet and to car­ry­ing out nec­es­sary pro­ce­dures, as well as strict ad­her­ence to the in­struc­tions of the at­tend­ing physi­cian. In ad­di­tion, the spe­cial­ists of the dis­pen­sary reg­u­larly act as ini­tia­tors and par­tic­i­pants of char­i­ta­ble ac­tions, in which all in­ter­ested per­sons can un­dergo a test, pass a blood test, re­ceive the nec­es­sary help.

- In re­cent years, within the pop­u­la­tion not only of our coun­try, but the whole world, there has been a large in­crease in the in­ci­dence of di­a­betes, es­pe­cially among peo­ple over 40 years of age.

The causes of this dis­ease may be mal­nu­tri­tion, in­ad­e­quate phys­i­cal ac­tiv­ity, stress­ful sit­u­a­tions and many oth­ers,” said Vic­to­ria Tsareva, head doc­tor of the Tashkent city en­doskli­no­logic dis­pen­sary. – Tak­ing this into con­sid­er­a­tion, our spe­cial­ists face great chal­lenges in the pre­ven­tion and early de­tec­tion of this for­mi­da­ble dis­ease. Only treat­ment that is promptly ini­ti­ated can pre­vent se­vere com­pli­ca­tions.

It is worth to note the at­ten­tion paid to this prob­lem by the state. Thanks to the reg­u­la­tion “On mea­sures for the fur­ther de­vel­op­ment of spe­cial­ized med­i­cal as­sis­tance to the pop­u­la­tion of the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan for 2017-2021,” adopted by the Pres­i­dent of June 20, 2017, work was be­gun on the con­struc­tion and re­con­struc­tion of new build­ings of en­docrino­log­i­cal dis­pen­saries in the re­gions, as well as on equip­ping them with mod­ern med­i­cal equip­ment. This will con­trib­ute to a sig­nif­i­cant im­prove­ment in the qual­ity of ser­vices pro­vided to pa­tients. In ad­di­tion, the pri­mary task is to raise the level of aware­ness of the pop­u­la­tion, be­cause the timely de­tec­tion of ail­ment is the key to its suc­cess­ful treat­ment.

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