Is It Worth “Keeping Hand on the Pulse”...

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - WORLD -

Re­cently, Uzbek­istan To­day pub­lished an in­ter­view with Am­bas­sador Ex­tra­or­di­nary and Plenipo­ten­tiary of China to Uzbek­istan, Sun Li­jie, on the out­comes of the suc­cess­ful con­clu­sion of the 19th Con­gress of the Com­mu­nist Party of China and the re-elec­tion of Xi Jin­ping as Sec­re­taryGen­eral of the Cen­tral Com­mit­tee of the CPC. Highlighting the key points of the re­port de­liv­ered then by the PRC leader, the am­bas­sador spoke about the idea of diplo­macy with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics, which is in­tended to cre­ate a com­mu­nity of the com­mon des­tiny of mankind.

Does this mean that China has an­nounced tran­si­tion to a more open for­eign pol­icy, and how can the com­mu­nity of com­mon des­tiny be in­ter­preted in the coun­tries of Cen­tral Asia?

This is­sue to­day is the sub­ject of ac­tive dis­cus­sion in an­a­lyt­i­cal and expert cir­cles. And the at­ti­tude to this idea is am­bigu­ous.

Ai­dar Am­re­baev, con­sul­tant, head of the Cen­ter for Ap­plied Po­lit­i­cal Sci­ence and In­ter­na­tional Stud­ies, Kaza­khstan. Spe­cial­ist in so­cio-po­lit­i­cal and eco­nomic pro­cesses in Cen­tral Asia re­lated to ex­ter­nal in­flu­ence.

Ac­cord­ing to the Kaza­khstani po­lit­i­cal sci­en­tist Ay­dar Am­re­baev, the space of com­mon des­tiny na­tions is formed with China, that is, coun­tries in­volved in Chi­nese po­lit­i­cal, eco­nomic, cul­tural in­flu­ence. The Chi­nese fac­tor is one of the most ef­fec­tive in the re­gion. But the expert notes that, de­spite the com­mon ap­proaches and con­cep­tu­ally uni­fied clas­si­fi­ca­tion of the re­gion, the Chi­nese pol­icy in Cen­tral Asia is char­ac­ter­ized by a cer­tain dif­fer­en­ti­a­tion of pri­or­i­ties for each in­di­vid­ual coun­try and their place in the Chi­nese re­gional geo-strat­egy. In this re­gard, the Chi­nese re­gional for­eign pol­icy has evolved from a com­mon post-Soviet na­tion-wide strat­egy to a point, prag­matic tac­tic of ‘en­gag­ing’ the po­lit­i­cal, busi­ness, aca­demic, cul­tural elites, mass me­dia, youth in the or­bit of Chi­nese in­flu­ence. Each coun­try has its own road map ...

But the main geopo­lit­i­cal task is to form the so-called com­mu­nity of com­mon des­tiny, a com­pli­men­tary space to China.

Speak­ing about the fu­ture of Kaza­khChi­nese re­la­tions, the po­lit­i­cal sci­en­tist stressed that for the PRC, dy­nam­i­cally, evo­lu­tion­ar­ily and steadily de­vel­op­ing, en­joy­ing great in­ter­na­tional author­ity, China presents great op­por­tu­ni­ties for de­vel­op­ment. It is dif­fi­cult now to as­sess the ef­fec­tive­ness of a num­ber of bi­lat­eral agree­ments be­cause of their closed­ness to pub­lic at­ten­tion, but in gen­eral it seems that the mod­ern­iza­tion of the econ­omy and its dy­nam­ics, the pres­ence of China to some ex­tent can be a good in­cen­tive for de­vel­op­ment. How­ever, the expert is wary that the neigh­bor­hood with China as­sumes al­ways to keep an eye on the pulse of what is hap­pen­ing in China and with her par­tic­i­pa­tion.

Dil­fuza Tu­raeva, se­nior re­search fel­low at the In­sti­tute of Strate­gic and In­ter­re­gional Stud­ies un­der the Pres­i­dent of the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan, an expert on Uzbek-Chi­nese re­la­tions.

A some­what dif­fer­ent opin­ion is held by the expert Dil­fuza Tu­raeva. In her opin­ion, the idea of form­ing a global com­mu­nity of com­mon des­tiny is, above all, a call for the uni­fi­ca­tion of in­ter­na­tional ef­forts in the face of the many chal­lenges and threats that prac­ti­cally ev­ery state faces to­day, as well as joint ac­tions to cre­ate fa­vor­able con­di­tions for de­vel­op­ment. There­fore, it is im­por­tant to note that the ini­tia­tive of China is not lim­ited to the ge­o­graph­i­cal scope and tied to one coun­try. This is a global ide­o­log­i­cal for­mat for car­ry­ing out joint ef­forts for the sake of com­mon de­vel­op­ment, strictly ad­her­ing to the prin­ci­ple of mu­tual wins.

The Chi­nese lead­er­ship un­der­stands that a con­struc­tive ex­ter­nal en­vi­ron­ment is a key fac­tor for the coun­try’s sta­ble in­ter­nal de­vel­op­ment. In this con­nec­tion, on the world stage, Bei­jing is try­ing with all ef­forts to cre­ate an at­mos­phere of com­mu­nity of in­ter­ests for the ben­e­fit of each state. It seems that the suc­cess of Chi­nese diplo­macy in this di­rec­tion will largely de­pend on how much the PRC will take into ac­count the in­ter­ests of part­ners in its en­vi­ron­ment, in­clud­ing in Cen­tral Asia.

For the coun­tries of Cen­tral Asia, the global com­mu­nity of com­mon des­tiny is pri­mar­ily a strate­gic op­por­tu­nity to en­sure se­cu­rity and sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment in the re­gion. In this vein, Bei­jing’s ini­tia­tive to build the Eco­nomic Belt of the Silk Road can be con­sid­ered a prac­ti­cal step in re­al­iz­ing the idea of a com­mon des­tiny. The main di­rec­tion of the EBSR is to es­tab­lish close trans­port and com­mu­ni­ca­tion links be­tween Asia and Europe. In this re­gard, Uzbek­istan was among the first to sup­port the ini­tia­tive of the Eco­nomic Belt of the Silk Road and is ready to dis­cuss spe­cific pro­pos­als of the Chi­nese side on its im­ple­men­ta­tion, es­pe­cially in the de­vel­op­ment of trans­port in­fra­struc­ture. In par­tic­u­lar, the con­struc­tion of the rail­way China-Kyr­gyzs­tan-Uzbek­istan is ca­pa­ble of sig­nif­i­cantly di­ver­si­fy­ing the routes of trans­port com­mu­ni­ca­tions in Cen­tral Asia.

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