Center for Youth Innovation
The Uzbek-Japanese Youth Innovation Center at the Islam Karimov Tashkent State Technical University has begun its work. The institution was opened in accordance with the decree of the head of our state in September, 2016. Here, nowadays young scientists together with experienced professors work in four laboratories on serious and very important areas such as machine and materials science, mining and deep processing of mineral and sulfur resources, chemistry and petro-chemistry, and energy.
The most favorable conditions for the development of innovative activity, modern high-tech industries with minimal impact on the environment, as well as joint experimental and applied scientific research were created in the center in close cooperation with the relevant institutions of Japan. Equipment is provided through technical assistance from JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency). A number of ministries and departments of the country, as well as metallurgical and chemical enterprises are among its trustees.
- First of all, our activities are aimed at stimulating talented young people, who are engaged in research. The Japanese side has allocated a grant of about $7 million to support this activity. We actively cooperate with the universities of Tsukuba, Nagoya, Keio, Kyushu, Toyohashi Technological University and the Tokyo Institute of Technology. Representatives of these educational institutions regularly visit, their experienced professors lecture on relevant topics for both students and specialists of the center.
The seminars “Scientific principles of combustion and energy-efficient production technologies” and “Deep processing of mineral resources and ecological aspects of the mining industry” have been recently held, said Zuhra Kadyrova, deputy director for science and communications with enterprises. - In addition, it is planned to supply additional high-tech equipment, to expand the laboratory sector.
It will happen after universities of two countries will effectively contact each other. And now the center is mediating between higher educational institutions of Japan and Uzbekistan in the issues of training of engineering personnel. Professors of other national universities and organizations such as the National University, the Academy of Sciences, the Moscow Chemical Technology Institute and others have been working here.
At the beginning of next year, JICA specialists are scheduled to visit the country, who will recommend criteria for evaluating projects prepared by students, researchers, for direct participation in the competition for internship or practice in Japan. Close cooperation with this country is envisaged at all stages, from the definition of the research objective to the selection of candidates directly. From next year they will be sent to the Land of the Rising Sun.
- The student should have a certain idea of what he will do at the Japanese university, the established research program. It is necessary not only knowledge of English or Japanese. The main thing is an innovative look at the phenomena around them. Now in our country science is somewhat remote from students, the more emphasis is put on learning. In Japan this is vice versa. The peculiarity of their activity is research in the team that we practice in the center, - Zuhra Chingizovna shared.
The specialists of the institution have already achieved certain results. At the 10th Republican Fair of Innovative Ideas, Technologies and Projects, their developments were presented. For example, an express method for determining the concentration of uranium, which is widely used in nuclear power.
It is specific and does not require labor-intensive procedures, expensive reagents, and the analysis time is from two to five minutes. Another very useful innovation is the technology of phosphogypsum processing. The problems of utilization of this large-ton-nage waste of mineral fertilizer production require a solution, because it has accumulated a lot. The center is developing technologies for obtaining adsorbents for water purification based on this waste and Angren kaolin. Sorbents can attract heavy metals, phosphates, ammonium and other contaminants. They can be recommended for water treatment with minimal capital and operating costs.
And today the experts of the institution are working on two main areas. The first one is related to research with the Tokyo Institute of Technology and the University of Nagoya on photocatalysis and photo-catalysts on the basis of Uzbek raw materials. The proposed technology can be applied in the purification and disinfection of water and air. A new energy-efficient desalination unit has also been created, which is successfully being tested in the oil and gas industry in the Kashkadarya region.
The effect of photocatalysis - the mineralization of gaseous contaminants on the surface of the catalyst under the action of soft ultraviolet radiation - was discovered in the 1920s. However, the greatest interest in him was caused by the work of Professor
The effect of photocatalysis - the mineralization of gaseous contaminants on the surface of the catalyst under the action of soft ultraviolet radiation - was discovered in the 1920s. However, the greatest interest to this process was caused by the work of Professor A. Fujishima in 1970, which opened the way for wide application of this technology. A vivid example of this is the process of natural photosynthesis. Purification and disinfection of air, transformation of solar energy, splitting of water into oxygen and hydrogen for new environmentally friendly modes of transport, self-cleaning walls, roofs, mirrors - these are all advanced methods of solving actual problems. While in our country these processes are at the stage of study.
The second one is the development of biologically active compounds (BAC) that is traditional for domestic scientists. Now they create ways to isolate BAC from all known isryk, which has unique physiological properties of disinfection and others. And they try to combine the active substances of this plant with various bioactive metals. Students, postgraduates, doctoral students of higher educational institutions of the country can safely realize here a variety of ideas. They should be significant for the whole world, not just for some region. In each laboratory there are five to ten talented enthusiastic guys who devote their free time to research.
- I learned about the center through the scientific leader of the final work in the fourth year. Now I continue my work here, I’m already writing my master’s dissertation and taking part in research in the chemistry and petro-chemistry laboratory on photocatalysis and the creation of self-cleaning glasses. Such technology is useful for society from the ecological and economic point of view. I would like it to be used in practice in industry in Uzbekistan. In the future I plan to continue work in this direction, - shared Anna Strizhevskaya, Master of Science in Chemistry Department of National University of Uzbekistan.