Cen­ter for Youth In­no­va­tion

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - SOCIAL ORBIT -

The Uzbek-Ja­panese Youth In­no­va­tion Cen­ter at the Is­lam Ka­ri­mov Tashkent State Tech­ni­cal Univer­sity has be­gun its work. The in­sti­tu­tion was opened in ac­cor­dance with the de­cree of the head of our state in Septem­ber, 2016. Here, nowa­days young sci­en­tists to­gether with ex­pe­ri­enced pro­fes­sors work in four lab­o­ra­to­ries on se­ri­ous and very im­por­tant ar­eas such as ma­chine and ma­te­ri­als science, min­ing and deep pro­cess­ing of min­eral and sul­fur re­sources, chem­istry and petro-chem­istry, and en­ergy.

The most fa­vor­able con­di­tions for the devel­op­ment of in­no­va­tive ac­tiv­ity, mod­ern high-tech in­dus­tries with min­i­mal im­pact on the en­vi­ron­ment, as well as joint ex­per­i­men­tal and ap­plied sci­en­tific re­search were cre­ated in the cen­ter in close co­op­er­a­tion with the rel­e­vant in­sti­tu­tions of Ja­pan. Equip­ment is pro­vided through tech­ni­cal as­sis­tance from JICA (Ja­pan In­ter­na­tional Co­op­er­a­tion Agency). A num­ber of min­istries and de­part­ments of the coun­try, as well as met­al­lur­gi­cal and chem­i­cal en­ter­prises are among its trustees.

- First of all, our ac­tiv­i­ties are aimed at stim­u­lat­ing tal­ented young peo­ple, who are en­gaged in re­search. The Ja­panese side has al­lo­cated a grant of about $7 mil­lion to sup­port this ac­tiv­ity. We ac­tively co­op­er­ate with the uni­ver­si­ties of Tsukuba, Nagoya, Keio, Kyushu, Toy­ohashi Tech­no­log­i­cal Univer­sity and the Tokyo In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy. Rep­re­sen­ta­tives of these ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tu­tions reg­u­larly visit, their ex­pe­ri­enced pro­fes­sors lec­ture on rel­e­vant top­ics for both stu­dents and spe­cial­ists of the cen­ter.

The sem­i­nars “Sci­en­tific prin­ci­ples of com­bus­tion and en­ergy-ef­ficient pro­duc­tion tech­nolo­gies” and “Deep pro­cess­ing of min­eral re­sources and eco­log­i­cal as­pects of the min­ing in­dus­try” have been re­cently held, said Zuhra Kady­rova, deputy direc­tor for science and com­mu­ni­ca­tions with en­ter­prises. - In ad­di­tion, it is planned to sup­ply ad­di­tional high-tech equip­ment, to ex­pand the lab­o­ra­tory sec­tor.

It will hap­pen af­ter uni­ver­si­ties of two coun­tries will ef­fec­tively con­tact each other. And now the cen­ter is me­di­at­ing be­tween higher ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tu­tions of Ja­pan and Uzbek­istan in the is­sues of train­ing of engi­neer­ing per­son­nel. Pro­fes­sors of other na­tional uni­ver­si­ties and or­ga­ni­za­tions such as the Na­tional Univer­sity, the Academy of Sciences, the Moscow Chem­i­cal Tech­nol­ogy In­sti­tute and oth­ers have been work­ing here.

At the be­gin­ning of next year, JICA spe­cial­ists are sched­uled to visit the coun­try, who will rec­om­mend cri­te­ria for eval­u­at­ing projects pre­pared by stu­dents, re­searchers, for di­rect par­tic­i­pa­tion in the com­pe­ti­tion for in­tern­ship or prac­tice in Ja­pan. Close co­op­er­a­tion with this coun­try is en­vis­aged at all stages, from the def­i­ni­tion of the re­search ob­jec­tive to the se­lec­tion of can­di­dates di­rectly. From next year they will be sent to the Land of the Ris­ing Sun.

- The stu­dent should have a cer­tain idea of what he will do at the Ja­panese univer­sity, the es­tab­lished re­search pro­gram. It is nec­es­sary not only knowl­edge of English or Ja­panese. The main thing is an in­no­va­tive look at the phenomena around them. Now in our coun­try science is some­what re­mote from stu­dents, the more em­pha­sis is put on learn­ing. In Ja­pan this is vice versa. The pe­cu­liar­ity of their ac­tiv­ity is re­search in the team that we prac­tice in the cen­ter, - Zuhra Chin­gi­zovna shared.

The spe­cial­ists of the in­sti­tu­tion have al­ready achieved cer­tain re­sults. At the 10th Repub­li­can Fair of In­no­va­tive Ideas, Tech­nolo­gies and Projects, their de­vel­op­ments were pre­sented. For ex­am­ple, an ex­press method for de­ter­min­ing the con­cen­tra­tion of ura­nium, which is widely used in nu­clear power.

It is spe­cific and does not re­quire la­bor-in­ten­sive pro­ce­dures, ex­pen­sive reagents, and the anal­y­sis time is from two to five min­utes. An­other very use­ful in­no­va­tion is the tech­nol­ogy of phos­ph­o­gyp­sum pro­cess­ing. The prob­lems of uti­liza­tion of this large-ton-nage waste of min­eral fer­til­izer pro­duc­tion re­quire a so­lu­tion, be­cause it has ac­cu­mu­lated a lot. The cen­ter is de­vel­op­ing tech­nolo­gies for ob­tain­ing ad­sor­bents for wa­ter pu­rifi­ca­tion based on this waste and An­gren kaolin. Sor­bents can at­tract heavy met­als, phos­phates, am­mo­nium and other con­tam­i­nants. They can be rec­om­mended for wa­ter treat­ment with min­i­mal cap­i­tal and op­er­at­ing costs.

And to­day the ex­perts of the in­sti­tu­tion are work­ing on two main ar­eas. The first one is re­lated to re­search with the Tokyo In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy and the Univer­sity of Nagoya on pho­to­catal­y­sis and photo-cat­a­lysts on the ba­sis of Uzbek raw ma­te­ri­als. The pro­posed tech­nol­ogy can be ap­plied in the pu­rifi­ca­tion and dis­in­fec­tion of wa­ter and air. A new en­ergy-ef­ficient de­sali­na­tion unit has also been cre­ated, which is suc­cess­fully be­ing tested in the oil and gas in­dus­try in the Kashkadarya re­gion.

The ef­fect of pho­to­catal­y­sis - the min­er­al­iza­tion of gaseous con­tam­i­nants on the sur­face of the cat­a­lyst un­der the ac­tion of soft ul­tra­vi­o­let ra­di­a­tion - was dis­cov­ered in the 1920s. How­ever, the great­est in­ter­est in him was caused by the work of Pro­fes­sor

The ef­fect of pho­to­catal­y­sis - the min­er­al­iza­tion of gaseous con­tam­i­nants on the sur­face of the cat­a­lyst un­der the ac­tion of soft ul­tra­vi­o­let ra­di­a­tion - was dis­cov­ered in the 1920s. How­ever, the great­est in­ter­est to this process was caused by the work of Pro­fes­sor A. Fu­jishima in 1970, which opened the way for wide application of this tech­nol­ogy. A vivid ex­am­ple of this is the process of nat­u­ral pho­to­syn­the­sis. Pu­rifi­ca­tion and dis­in­fec­tion of air, trans­for­ma­tion of so­lar en­ergy, split­ting of wa­ter into oxy­gen and hy­dro­gen for new en­vi­ron­men­tally friendly modes of trans­port, self-clean­ing walls, roofs, mir­rors - these are all ad­vanced meth­ods of solv­ing ac­tual prob­lems. While in our coun­try these pro­cesses are at the stage of study.

The second one is the devel­op­ment of bi­o­log­i­cally ac­tive com­pounds (BAC) that is tra­di­tional for do­mes­tic sci­en­tists. Now they cre­ate ways to iso­late BAC from all known is­ryk, which has unique phys­i­o­log­i­cal prop­er­ties of dis­in­fec­tion and oth­ers. And they try to com­bine the ac­tive sub­stances of this plant with var­i­ous bioac­tive met­als. Stu­dents, post­grad­u­ates, doc­toral stu­dents of higher ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tu­tions of the coun­try can safely re­al­ize here a va­ri­ety of ideas. They should be sig­nif­i­cant for the whole world, not just for some re­gion. In each lab­o­ra­tory there are five to ten tal­ented en­thu­si­as­tic guys who de­vote their free time to re­search.

- I learned about the cen­ter through the sci­en­tific leader of the fi­nal work in the fourth year. Now I con­tinue my work here, I’m al­ready writ­ing my master’s dis­ser­ta­tion and tak­ing part in re­search in the chem­istry and petro-chem­istry lab­o­ra­tory on pho­to­catal­y­sis and the cre­ation of self-clean­ing glasses. Such tech­nol­ogy is use­ful for so­ci­ety from the eco­log­i­cal and eco­nomic point of view. I would like it to be used in prac­tice in in­dus­try in Uzbek­istan. In the fu­ture I plan to con­tinue work in this di­rec­tion, - shared Anna Strizhevskaya, Master of Science in Chem­istry De­part­ment of Na­tional Univer­sity of Uzbek­istan.

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