Analysis of Work and Plans for the Future
The head of our state, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, traveled to the Republic of Karakalpakstan on December 15-16 to familiarize himself with the course of social and economic reforms in the regions.
The main goal of the trip is to analyze and familiarize with the progress of the implementation of the tasks set, to determine the priority directions of work for the next two years.
Head of the country during his trip to Karakalpakstan on January 20-21 this year identified systemic measures to develop the region's economy, improve social conditions. Over the past period, these instructions have been fully implemented.
In accordance with the program, developed following the results of that trip,
242 projects with a total cost of about 160 billion soums aimed at the development of industry were realized. This made it possible to create almost 4 thousand jobs.
For example, the first line of the “Karakalpakcement” enterprise with the production capacity of 200 thousand tons of cement was put into operation in the Karauzyak district, the “Technik Global” company in Nukus has installed 150,000 TV sets under the Samsung brand, at the Nukus Polymer enterprise - 8 thousand tons of polyethylene pipes and household goods. The «Vegatex Global» enterprise of Turtkul region produces 5 thousand tons of yarn per year.
The problem of drinking water supply, which is very important and actual for the residents of Karakalpakstan, remained unsolved for a number of years. Therefore, in a short time the Kungrad-Muynak water pipe with a length of 101 kilometers was laid and a «Kungrad» water distribution system was constructed, which allowed providing 25 thousand inhabitants of Muynak district with clean drinking water.
In addition, in accordance with the Investment Program, the existing water supply networks have been reconstructed and updated due to budgetary funds and funds of the Aral Sea Development Fund. As a result, drinking water supply for more than 50 thousand people of 35 settlements.
The second building of the Louvre in the Desert - the I.Savitsky State Museum of Art, which is the pride of not only Karakalpakstan, but the whole of our country, was erected and equipped according to international standards.
New buildings of the Karakalpak State Museum of Local Lore, a school for gifted children named after Hero of Uzbekistan Ibroyim Yusupov, a park named after Amir Temur, a large sports complex with modern conditions have been built. The Mosque of Imam Eshon Muhammad was reconstructed and put into operation.
Similar transformations took place in all districts, villages and auls. Successes have been achieved in the development of the region, the standard of living of the population has improved. Most importantly, people feel this on themselves.
Therefore, the residents of Karakalpakstan welcomed the current trip of the President of our country with great enthusiasm. This corresponds to the scale, significance of the program of the trip, as well as the measures determined during the acquaintance with the objects.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev began his trip from visiting preschool educational institution No. 8 in Chimbay district. The fact that the first point was the kindergarten is of great importance. In each of his speeches and during trips to the regions, the President of our country puts forward initiatives and sets important tasks to improve the quality of preschool education, dramatically improve the preparation of children for school, and the introduction of widely used modern educational programs and technologies in the world.
In accordance with the decree of the President of our country «On measures to further improve the system of pre-school education in 2017-2021» of December 29, 2016, measures are being taken to strengthen the material and technical base of existing pre-school educational institutions, to build new ones, including in rural areas, to provide them with modern equipment, teaching aids and multimedia resources.
By the Decree of Shavkat Mirziyoyev on the cardinal improvement of the management of the preschool education system, on September 30 this year, the Ministry of Preschool Education was established. The main tasks of the new ministry are the phased coverage of all children by the preschool education system, the creation of a network of state and non-state pre-school educational institutions in the country for healthy competition, the introduction of alternative forms of preschool education and the upbringing of children.
To implement these resolutions and decree, large-scale work is being carried out in the Republic of Karakalpakstan. Here 318 pre-school educational institutions, including 3 private and 7 kindergartens for various organizations work. They bring up more 48 thousand toddlers, or 32% of all children in the region.
The head of our state got acquainted with the conditions created in the kindergarten, congratulated the pupils on the upcoming New Year holiday.
We attach special importance to the system of preschool education, said Shavkat Mirziyoyev. If today we do not pay proper attention to the education of young people, tomorrow it may be too late. Pre-school educational institutions must be built taking into account climatic conditions. Each room must have a warm floor. In addition, it is necessary to revise the system of personnel training for the sphere. It is necessary to organize special courses at higher educational institutions. The professional level of educators is very important for future children.
The head of our state noted the need to take into account the South Korean experience in the preparation of projects for the organization of new kindergartens. The current projects of such structures, developed on the basis of outdated decisions, do not justify themselves. We must build children's bedrooms and classes broad and bright, and the administrative premises should be more compact, the President stressed.
Here, presentation of standard projects for the construction of preschool educational institutions for 50, 100, 150 places was held. Information was presented on the further expansion of the network of state and non-state pre-schools, the formation of healthy competition between them, the introduction of new forms of preschool education on the basis of public-private partnership.
Instructions were given to attract graduates of pedagogical colleges to retraining courses and their admission to work in pre-school educational institutions.
The head of our state visited the academic lyceum located in the Chimbay district under the Nukus branch of the Tashkent State Agrarian University.
The presentation of projects on further development of the pharmaceutical industry, support of manufacturers of medicines and medical products, saturation of the domestic market with high-quality preparations of domestic production took place here.
The President of our country highly assessed the prospects of development of this sphere, noted the need to improve the training of specialists.
It's time to plant cotton even when it's not profitable. It is necessary to grow other, profitable crops. For example, licorice approaches the natural and climatic conditions of the region, so there should be no obstacles to expanding its crops, said Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
«Lanextrakt» joint venture of Chimbay district produces an extract of licorice root. The enterprise processes 30 thousand tons of licorice roots per year and produces 1.3 thousand tons of extract. At the enterprise organized together with the Chinese investors, 200 workplaces are created.
The President of our country also got acquainted with the project of planting medicinal plants in Karakalpakstan. In accordance with the decree of the head of our state «On the establishment of free economic zones «Nukus Pharm», « omin Pharm», «Kosonsoy-Pharm», «SyrdaryoPharm», «Boysun Pharm», «Bustonlik Pharm» and «Parkent-Pharm» from May 3, 2017 in the region carried out largescale work, special attention is paid to creating new jobs through the effective use of existing production capacities and resource potential.
In 2018-2019 for the development of the pharmaceutical industry in the region it is planned to implement 17 projects worth $ 27.7 million. This will allow the production and export of pharmaceutical products of 37 species.
«Nukus Med Tech» LLC plans to launch the production of medical products, «Berlin Pharm» LLC - medicines for the treatment of cancer, «Turtkul shisha idishlari» LLC of Turtkul district will produce pharmaceutical containers.
Other projects on the production of pharmaceutical and other products were also presented. In particular, it was told about the plans for the production of cellulose. This project, implemented in two stages, involves the organization of the technological process from the production of paper to the manufacture of finished products from it.
It is planned to organize new enterprises based on the inventory of empty and unused buildings and areas in Karakalpakstan. Proposals for the employment of low-income families were submitted.
The head of the country met with the activists and representatives of the intelligentsia of the Chimbay district. The meeting exchanged views on the events taking place in the world, on issues of concern to the population, on improving the functioning of the education and health systems.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev visited the Takhiatash district. Here information was presented on the work done in 2017 on the integrated development of the Republic of Karakalpakstan. After the previous trip of the head of our state in the region, over 2.1 thousand projects were realized. As a result of their implementation in the spheres of industry, agriculture and services, the production of export-oriented products has been established. About 11 thousand jobs were created.
Within the framework of the comprehensive development program of the Republic of Karakalpakstan for 20182019, it is planned to implement another 1,300 projects. On their implementation will be sent funds of enterprisesinitiators, commercial banks and foreign investment. The production of new types of products will be mastered, the level of localization and processing will be increased, and about 10,000 jobs will be created.
In the process of bringing the industry of the region to a new level, large enterprises of our country are involved. In particular, the Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combine plans to establish the production of metal structures and non-standard equipment in Takhiatash district, Almalyk Mining and Metallurgical Combine - ferroconcrete products, sand and crushed stone in the Karauzyak district.
The head of our state gave instructions to diversify the economy of Karakalpakstan, to produce products with added value, to expand exports.
Particular attention was paid to the prospects of development of the Tebinbulak iron ore deposit. Currently, metal products in our country are made on the basis of melting scrap metal. The Tebinbulak deposit has huge iron ore reserves. Its development will take place in two stages. As a result, starting with 2021, it will be possible to produce 1 million tons of steel per year. To organize work in this direction, a directorate was established at the Uzbekiston Temir Yullari joint stock company.
Projects on the organization of new enterprises based on inefficiently used facilities were also presented. It is planned to organize 6 small industrial zones in Karakalpakstan. Objects in them will be provided free of charge for a period of
5 years with subsequent registration of the right to own. The construction and restoration of engineering and communication networks will be carried out at the expense of the State budget. In these zones conditions will be created for the organization of production, the development of entrepreneurship.
Projects of Uzqurilishmateriallari and Uzbekenergo joint-stock companies were also presented here, plans to raise the living standards of the population of the Aral Sea area.
The head of our state paid special attention to the importance of these projects for Karakalpakstan, gave the responsible persons instructions for each of them.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev visited a modern logistics center, organized in Hodjeyli district. This complex is being built in accordance with the instructions given by the President of the country in January this year.
The logistics center, organized by «Hujayli Agrosanoat Markazi» LLC, will be engaged in storage, processing and export of agricultural products, its uninterrupted provision of the domestic market, will serve rational use of land, create new jobs and increase the country's export potential.
In the complex occupying an area of 15.3 hectares, in 2018 it is planned to sort, process and pack 5 thousand tons of fruits and vegetables. 150 people will work here.
The presentation of investment projects implemented in Karakalpakstan in the food industry, programs for the development of livestock, poultry, beekeeping and fish farming was held. Thus, in 2018-2019, it is planned to implement 70 projects for the processing of fruit and vegetable products and meat, the construction of refrigeration storages. As part of the livestock and poultry development program, 2018-2020 it is planned to implement 250 projects. As a result, more than 730 jobs will be created. Within the framework of the fish culture development program,
6 projects will be implemented in 2018-2020. The rice fields of the Nukus and Kanlykul districts will be breeding fish.
A draft program on the effective use of homestead land in Karakalpakstan in 2018 was also presented.
The head of our state noted the importance of such projects, gave instructions for their completion and timely implementation.
A promising project for growing and exporting red pepper was presented at the center. According to experts, currently the world's red pepper is grown at
4.4 million hectares, with an annual collection of 68.3 million tons of pepper. The yield from one hectare reaches 1520 tons. From 5 kilograms of harvest you can get 1 kilogram of dried red pepper. One ton of such a product on the world market is estimated at approximately $ 8.6 thousand. It is expected that in 2017, the total revenue from the sale of red pepper in the world will exceed $ 30 billion. The bulk of this product is grown in Indonesia, China and Mexico.
The President of our country gave corresponding instructions to reduce lowyield cotton fields and grow red pepper on them, ripening within 60-80 days.
- Recently, with a group of specialists and hokims of the districts were on a business trip to Indonesia, - Farhod Ermonov, hokim of the Beruni region, says. - There we exchanged experience on growing export-oriented products, in particular red pepper.
In 2018, on 1,000 hectares of farms, we will grow red pepper imported from Indonesia. In this case, unprofitable low-yield cotton fields will be used. The question is obvious: is it not better to grow local varieties of red pepper? The fact is that the level of bitterness of local pepper varieties is 3.4 points. The level of bitterness of pepper from Indonesia is 7.8 points, that is, it fully meets world standards and is well exported. From the harvest of this variety from each hectare you can get a profit of 20-27 million soums, which is several times higher than the profit from cotton. And if properly carried out agrotechnical measures and receive the intended harvest, this will become a source of great income for both farmers and the state.
The current rapidly changing time calls for fundamental reforms in all spheres, including agriculture, the head of our state stresses. And so a farmer who does not rely on a scientific basis for the cultivation of products, not thinking about exporting it, will not achieve the intended results.
The head of our state gave instructions to expand the cultivation of high-yield, export-oriented red pepper in the country. In particular, in 2018 in Karakalpakstan it is planned to plant this culture for 15 thousand hectares. It was noted the need to increase the cultivation of this culture in each area. In planting and organizing agrotechnical activities, the farmers will be assisted by specialists from Indonesia.
This is just one of many promising projects identified during the trip of the head of our state to the Republic of Karakalpakstan. As a result of projects, thousands of jobs will be created, which means that families will have a constant source of income, their living standards will increase. As the President of our country has repeatedly noted, people want to live well not tomorrow, not in the distant future, but today. And this is the main goal of the ongoing socio-economic reforms.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev got acquainted with the projects on construction and reconstruction of melioration and irrigation networks in Karakalpakstan.
In 2013-2017 in the Aral Sea area, due to budgetary funds and centralized investments, irrigation and drainage works were performed for 248 billion soums, water supply was improved 140 thousand hectares and reclamation state of 231 thousand hectares of land.
The decision of the President of our country «On the State Program for the Development of Irrigation and Improvement of the Reclamation Status of Irrigated Lands for the Period 2018-2019» of 27 November this year contributes to the expansion of the scope of this work. In accordance with this resolution, in the next two years, it is planned to reconstruct 140 kilometers of canals and 53 hydraulic structures, which will improve the reclamation state of 60,000 hectares of irrigated land. Construction and reconstruction works on reservoirs with a length of more than 246 kilometers, repair and restoration of 3,735 kilometers of collectors. As a result, the meliorative condition of 89,000 hectares of land will improve, and the yield of agricultural crops will increase.
In the Turtkul district, the construction of the Shurbulak reservoir is planned to improve water supply in shallow waters in the lower reaches of the Amu Darya, the development of fish farming, livestock, horticulture and the creation of new jobs.
As you know, the drying out of the Aral Sea and the retreat of the sea for
180-200 kilometers from the shore led to the exposure of the bottom. As a result, the waters of the Amu Darya flow into the Aral from a height, so that near the Mezhdurechensk reservoir of the Muynak district, rills are formed. As a result, the Muynak reservoir, Rybachye, Makpalkul,
akirkul melege, the fish and animal life of this area are threatened with extinction.
To prevent this in 2013-2017, work was carried out on the reconstruction and restoration of the capacity of the northern and eastern dams. At the next stage it is planned to restore the dam along Maypost lake and build a hydraulic structure that will allow water to flow from the lake into the old mouth of the Amu Darya.
The head of our state also presented a project on improving water resources management in southern Karakalpakstan. As a result of its implementation, water supply of about 100 thousand hectares of areas in Ellikkala, Beruni and Turtkul districts will be established and 269 million cubic meters of water per year will be saved. The stoppage of 23 pumping stations, as well as more than 450 pumping units of the Association of Water Users and Farms, will save 52 million kWh of electricity per year.
The President of our country gave instructions on the quality implementation of projects in the irrigation sector and the rational use of water resources in the region.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev held a meeting with the deputies of Jokargy Kenes and the activists of the Republic of Karakalpakstan. It has critically analyzed the work already done, identified priority areas and actual tasks for the development of all spheres for the next two years.
The events on the regular sending of heads of relevant ministries, as well as companies and banks to the regions, the search for additional reserves on the ground, the development and implementation of specific investment projects are continuing, Shavkat Mirziyoyev said. In the same way, they worked for two weeks prior to today's trip to Karakalpakstan, and, as a result, a draft of a new program aimed at attracting additional investments was developed.
According to this program in 2018-2019 in Karakalpakstan will be implemented more than 1,300 projects worth 4.5 trillion soums and created almost 10 thousand jobs. In particular, 232 investment projects worth $ 492 million are planned to be realized in the industry.
At the same time, it is planned to implement 5 large projects worth over $ 3.4 billion in fuel and energy and mining and metallurgy sectors of Karakalpakstan, the President of our country noted.
On the second day of the trip, the President of our country visited the specialized boarding school named after Ibroyim Yusupov, where he got acquainted with the conditions created in the modern building erected in a short time, talked to young talents. The «Isuzu» bus, produced in Samarkand, was presented for pupils of the school.
The alley next to the modern threestory building of the school, where the monument to Ibroyim Yusupov is erected, became another place for meetings of creative figures and young people. The school has a center for translating and publishing books.
Chairman of the Jokargy Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan M. Yerniyazov solemnly handed over the keys of the new bus to the school staff.
- The meeting with the President of our country made a great impression on us, - says Berdibek Aytmuratov, a pupil at the school. - I read to the head of our state my verse, dedicated to the memory of Ibroyim Yusupov. True, a little worried. But he liked it, and he praised me. I consider myself the happiest student in the world.
I am grateful to our President for the new school and I am proud to live in such a comfortable country.
Students who received a gift from the President on that day made a tour of Nukus on a new bus.