Ad­dress Com­pared to Win­ston Churchill’s Ful­ton Speech

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - NEWS -

In this re­gard, we can safely say that all this was cal­cu­lated to en­sure the in­volve­ment of all lay­ers of gov­ern­ment and so­ci­ety in the po­lit­i­cal pro­cesses. The ef­fect of this ap­proach is that of­fi­cials and peo­ple's rep­re­sen­ta­tives at all lev­els will feel their re­spon­si­bil­ity, and the pop­u­la­tion will take care of them­selves.

From this point of view, the first as­pect is im­por­tant in the sense that ev­ery of­fi­cial, from the very tops to the lower lev­els, as well as peo­ple's rep­re­sen­ta­tives of all lev­els, should be in the or­bit of po­lit­i­cal trans­for­ma­tions. Since they are also in­volved in the process of pub­lic ad­min­is­tra­tion - each de­ci­sion-mak­ing at its own level. Thus, hav­ing heard first hand, they will have to carry out the ini­tia­tives an­nounced by the head of the state steadily.

Speak­ing of the sec­ond as­pect such a broad broad­cast of the event, it is nec­es­sary to take into ac­count the fact that all pro­pos­als put for­ward in the Ad­dress re­late to the ev­ery­day life of each of us.

The fact that af­ter the ap­peal of Shavkat Mirziy­oyev to the par­lia­ment on tele­vi­sion was watched by sev­eral mil­lion peo­ple, on the of­fi­cial page of the head of state on Face­book video col­lected more than 170 thou­sand views and over 7 thou­sand com­ments. This in­di­cates that the mes­sage did not leave any­one in­dif­fer­ent.

It is note­wor­thy that rep­re­sen­ta­tives of for­eign me­dia is­sued such an ef­fec­tive phrase: «Mirziy­oyev en­tered the hall as a pres­i­dent, and left it as the leader of the na­tion.» Other jour­nal­ists com­pared the Ad­dress of Pres­i­dent Shavkat Mirziy­oyev to the Ful­ton speech of Win­ston Churchill, who «pre­de­fined the world order for half a cen­tury ahead.»

Thus, it can be con­cluded that the pro­posed trans­for­ma­tions and a new vi­sion are not tac­ti­cal, but strate­gic.

- In its con­tent, the Ad­dress marked an ob­jec­tive de­scrip­tion of the real sit­u­a­tion of the coun­try in all spheres. How prac­ti­cal is this ap­proach to its com­pi­la­tion?

- The Pres­i­dent of Uzbek­istan, hav­ing ob­jec­tively char­ac­ter­ized the state of all spheres of life of the state and so­ci­ety, once again con­firmed his in­ten­tion to «res­tart» the state sys­tem. Here it is ap­pro­pri­ate to quote one ax­iom: «The so­lu­tion to any prob­lem be­gins with its study.» Thus, Shavkat Mirziy­oyev, fig­u­ra­tively speak­ing, has made an ac­cu­rate di­ag­no­sis of all the ail­ments of the state or­gan­ism, es­pe­cially in the sphere of econ­omy the ba­sis of all the tar­gets sup­plied.

In this re­spect, Shavkat Miromonovich out­lined his fun­da­men­tal ap­proach, which con­sists in a crit­i­cal re­view of such an un­ac­cept­able method in eco­nomic pol­icy as the race for un­re­al­is­tic fig­ures, the de­sire to present utopian plans for re­al­ity. In this con­text, he once again stressed that achiev­ing con­crete re­sults and en­sur­ing hu­man in­ter­ests are iden­ti­fied as the main goal of our re­forms.

Thanks to the mea­sures im­ple­mented in 2017, the steady growth rates of eco­nomic growth amounted to 5.5%, the vol­ume of ex­ports in­creased by 15%. The pos­i­tive bal­ance in for­eign trade reached $ 854 mil­lion.

The mea­sures taken also serve as a ba­sis for op­ti­mistic fore­casts of in­ter­na­tional fi­nan­cial in­sti­tu­tions re­gard­ing the fur­ther de­vel­op­ment of the econ­omy of Uzbek­istan. Thus, ac­cord­ing to the World Bank's Oc­to­ber re­port, higher growth is ex­pected in the medium term, to 6.3% in 2019, as the im­ple­men­ta­tion of re­forms in the sec­ond half of 2018 will be­come more sus­tain­able, re­duc­ing un­cer­tainty and sup­port­ing pri­vate in­vest­ment and ex­port-ori­ented growth. In the medium term, pri­vate in­vest­ments are ex­pected to in­crease. It is also pro­jected that by 2019 the growth of in­comes and re­mit­tances will con­tinue, which will pos­i­tively af­fect the re­duc­tion of un­em­ploy­ment in the near fu­ture.

It is very im­por­tant that the head of state has a clear vi­sion of the way out of the sit­u­a­tion. This, in turn, was re­flected in com­pletely new pro­pos­als and ini­tia­tives to ad­dress each of the prob­lems out­lined in the Ad­dress.

- The an­nounce­ment of last year's name was a pleas­ant surprise for many, this year's ex­pec­ta­tions were also pos­i­tive. Why did the head of state rely on ac­tive en­trepreneur­ship and in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment?

- The Pres­i­dent of the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan un­am­bigu­ously made it clear that Uzbek­istan is mov­ing to the path of in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment. The se­man­tic load of the an­nounce­ment of 2018 as the Year of Sup­port for Ac­tive En­trepreneur­ship, In­no­va­tive Ideas and Tech­nolo­gies comes from this strate­gic vi­sion for the fur­ther de­vel­op­ment of the coun­try.

To be sure, the choice of the Pres­i­dent was not ac­ci­den­tal for in­no­va­tion. This in­di­cates a clear aware­ness of the sig­nif­i­cant back­log of so­cio-eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment from the needs of the pop­u­la­tion. Un­der these con­di­tions, in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment is the most ef­fec­tive way of rad­i­cal im­prove­ment of all spheres of life of the state and so­ci­ety.

Here we can­not ig­nore the no­tion of ac­tive en­trepreneur­ship. As the head of state noted, this is a di­rec­tion in the econ­omy, when busi­ness ac­tiv­ity is or­ga­nized on the ba­sis of in­no­va­tive, mod­ern ap­proaches, ad­vanced tech­nolo­gies and man­age­ment meth­ods.

And who are they - «ac­tive en­trepreneurs»? This cat­e­gory means busi­ness peo­ple ca­pa­ble of pro­duc­ing com­pet­i­tive goods, the most im­por­tant is cre­at­ing new jobs that ben­e­fit not only them­selves and their family, but the whole so­ci­ety. Pro­vid­ing them with all pos­si­ble sup­port, in par­tic­u­lar, by cre­at­ing fa­vor­able con­di­tions for the im­por­ta­tion and in­tro­duc­tion of high-tech in the pro­duc­tion, the latest achieve­ments of sci­ence, the Pres­i­dent in­tends to mo­bi­lize their ef­forts in solv­ing ur­gent is­sues for our coun­try.

- In the Ad­dress of the Pres­i­dent, the first pri­or­ity di­rec­tion is the im­prove­ment of the sys­tem of state and pub­lic con­struc­tion. What is its essence?

- The ini­tia­tives of the head of state in this di­rec­tion fit into the gen­eral line of the first pri­or­ity di­rec­tion of the Strat­egy of Ac­tions, which is re­duced to in­creas­ing the ef­fec­tive­ness of the sys­tem of state and pub­lic con­struc­tion.

From this point of view, an­a­lysts con­sider the pro­pos­als of the Pres­i­dent of the coun­try on cre­ation of a com­pletely new sys­tem in the sphere of pub­lic ad­min­is­tra­tion to be fully jus­ti­fied, pro­vid­ing for a wor­thy pay­ment for la­bor and so­cial se­cu­rity of state em­ploy­ees, in­tro­duc­tion of ef­fec­tive mech­a­nisms for fight­ing cor­rup­tion. In this con­text the main le­gal ba­sis will be the law on pub­lic ser­vice, pro­posed by the Pres­i­dent, which is still ab­sent in our coun­try.

The head of Uzbek­istan ad­heres to the con­sis­tency in strength­en­ing the sys­tem of checks and bal­ances be­tween the branches of power. His prin­ci­pled po­si­tion on strength­en­ing the role of par­lia­ment in the gov­er­nance of the state and so­ci­ety, iden­ti­fied in July 2017 at a joint meet­ing of both cham­bers of the Oliy Ma­jlis was once again con­firmed in the frame­work of his Ad­dress to the Par­lia­ment.

In this con­text, the pro­posal to cre­ate a spe­cial web page «My opinion», as well as the in­tro­duc­tion of the pro­ce­dure for in­tro­duc­ing col­lec­tive elec­tronic ap­peal, es­sen­tially pub­lic pe­ti­tions, demon­strates the Pres­i­dent's com­mit­ment to the peo­ple's opinion.

An im­por­tant demo­cratic step will be the di­vi­sion of pow­ers of hokims as heads of ex­ec­u­tive and rep­re­sen­ta­tive branches. In this re­gard, the fu­ture re­forms to­wards the re­jec­tion of ex­ces­sive cen­tral­iza­tion of state ad­min­is­tra­tion and the trans­fer of au­thor­ity of cen­tral bod­ies to ter­ri­to­rial ones will serve to ef­fec­tively re­al­ize the in­ter­ests of peo­ple.

Some of our col­leagues from for­eign coun­tries highly ap­pre­ci­ated the fact that civil so­ci­ety will have op­por­tu­ni­ties for fur­ther de­vel­op­ment: di­a­logue with NNOs will be in­ten­si­fied, an in­sti­tu­tion such as the Ad­vi­sory Coun­cil for Civil So­ci­ety De­vel­op­ment will work, and a mech­a­nism for pub­lic con­trol over the ac­tiv­i­ties of state bod­ies will be en­sured.

- From the text of the mes­sage fol­lows the con­sis­tent con­tin­u­a­tion of re­forms aimed at es­tab­lish­ing a fair ju­di­cial and le­gal sys­tem. What are the prin­ci­pal points in this di­rec­tion could be dis­tin­guished?

- In this con­text I would like to draw at­ten­tion to such fun­da­men­tal as­pects as the strength­en­ing of par­lia­men­tary and pub­lic con­trol over the ju­di­ciary, the con­tin­u­a­tion of the work on the in­tro­duc­tion of the Habeas Cor­pus and the strength­en­ing of ju­di­cial con­trol in the con­duct of the in­ves­ti­ga­tion; strength­en­ing the rule of law in the ac­tiv­i­ties of law en­force­ment agen­cies, fur­ther strength­en­ing the fight against cor­rup­tion in their ranks.

As an ex­am­ple, one can em­pha­size the pro­posal to trans­fer to courts the right to is­sue a sanc­tion for con­duct­ing a search and lis­ten­ing to telephone con­ver­sa­tions of per­sons sus­pected of com­mit­ting a crime. This will con­trib­ute to the fur­ther strength­en­ing of mech­a­nisms for the pro­tec­tion of hu­man rights and free­doms.

In this di­rec­tion, Pres­i­dent Shavkat Mirziy­oyev also drew at­ten­tion to the im­por­tant is­sue re­lated to the cre­ation of such a sys­tem in ac­cor­dance with which no law en­force­ment agency will go be­yond its pow­ers, du­pli­cate the func­tions of the other.

Thus, he clearly marked this frame­work. The bod­ies of in­ter­nal af­fairs should deal with en­sur­ing pub­lic order and se­cu­rity, and na­tional se­cu­rity agen­cies pro­tect­ing the state from in­ter­nal and ex­ter­nal threats. The pros­e­cu­tor's of­fice is called upon to over­see the ex­e­cu­tion of laws. The main task of the courts is to en­sure jus­tice, mak­ing a le­gal, jus­ti­fied and fair de­ci­sion in each case.

In this re­gard, it was pro­posed to de­velop and adopt laws «On law en­force­ment agen­cies» and «On the Na­tional Se­cu­rity Ser­vice», which will cre­ate strong and re­li­able guar­an­tees for the fur­ther strength­en­ing of con­sti­tu­tional rights and free­doms, the safe life of our cit­i­zens.

- Skep­tics did not hide their hesitation re­gard­ing the lib­er­al­iza­tion of the Uzbek econ­omy. How­ever, in our opinion, the Pres­i­dent's Ad­dress con­tains ex­haus­tive an­swers to all the ques­tions on this mat­ter. What are your com­ments in this re­gard?

- Shavkat Mirziy­oyev from the first days se­ri­ously took up the de­fense of busi­ness. The for­mu­lated the­ses of the eco­nomic block of the Ad­dress once again con­firmed this firm po­si­tion.

In par­tic­u­lar, the im­po­si­tion of a mora­to­rium for two years on the au­dit of fi­nan­cial and eco­nomic ac­tiv­i­ties of en­trepreneurs by ex­perts should be re­garded as a chance for busi­nesses to get on their feet.

Here it is ap­pro­pri­ate to re­call the quote from the speech of Churchill about en­trepreneurs: “Some­one thinks that the busi­ness­man is a cow that can be milked con­stantly. And only a few un­der­stand that an en­tre­pre­neur is a workhorse that pulls on it­self the bur­den of the econ­omy”.

This phrase refers to a sig­nal about the need to change the at­ti­tude of gov­ern­ment agen­cies to the pri­vate sec­tor.

The ini­tia­tive to re­duce and op­ti­mize the tax bur­den for all busi­ness cat­e­gories, on this ba­sis to ex­pand pro­duc­tion and taxation base, to pur­sue a pol­icy of stim­u­lat­ing dy­nam­i­cally de­vel­op­ing, en­larg­ing en­ter­prises will serve to in­crease the in­vest­ment at­trac­tive­ness of the coun­try in the medium term.

It should be em­pha­sized that the on­go­ing re­forms to ease the con­di­tions for do­ing busi­ness in the coun­try have al­ready be­gun to bear fruit. Uzbek­istan climbed

13 po­si­tions and took 74th place in the Do­ing Busi­ness-2018 rat­ing of the World Bank (WB) and the In­ter­na­tional Finance Cor­po­ra­tion (IFC), be­com­ing the leader among the coun­tries of Europe and Cen­tral Asia in terms of im­prov­ing the busi­ness en­vi­ron­ment.

The an­nounce­ment of the de­vel­op­ment of the «Pro­gram for the in­no­va­tive de­vel­op­ment of the con­struc­tion in­dus­try up to 2030», ac­cord­ing to ob­servers, should at­tract the fo­cused in­ter­est of the «gi­ants» of this in­dus­try, for which the con­struc­tion mar­ket in Uzbek­istan re­mains un­de­vel­oped.

- The so­cial sphere has al­ways been the focus of the pol­icy of the Pres­i­dent of Uzbek­istan. What in­no­va­tions will be in­tro­duced in this di­rec­tion?

- De­spite all ef­forts to lib­er­al­ize the econ­omy, Uzbek­istan re­mains a so­cially-ori­ented coun­try. Dis­cussing pri­or­ity ar­eas in the so­cial sphere, ex­perts draw at­ten­tion to the fact that the start­ing point of ac­tiv­ity in this di­rec­tion should be the leg­isla­tive con­sol­i­da­tion of the con­cept of «con­sumer bas­ket», on the ba­sis of which the min­i­mum level of in­come nec­es­sary for a de­cent life of the pop­u­la­tion will be re­vealed.

- Would you like to hear your com­ments re­gard­ing the iden­ti­fied pri­or­ity ar­eas in the field of se­cu­rity, in­tereth­nic har­mony and re­li­gious tol­er­ance, as well as in for­eign pol­icy?

- In this area, the Pres­i­dent char­ac­ter­ized the main trends ob­served in the con­text of glob­al­iza­tion, as­so­ci­ated with the emer­gence of eco­nomic com­pe­ti­tion in­creas­ingly acute, the in­ten­si­fi­ca­tion of in­for­ma­tion and ter­ror­ist threats.

Ac­cord­ing to for­eign ex­perts, the Ad­dress at­taches great im­por­tance to the de­vel­op­ment of the cul­tural and hu­man­i­tar­ian sphere. Uzbek­istan is tra­di­tion­ally the key cen­ter of Is­lamic cul­ture in the re­gion. At the same time, se­ri­ous ef­forts are be­ing made to pre­serve and pop­u­lar­ize it in­ter­na­tion­ally. In this re­gard, the cre­ation of the Cen­ter of Is­lamic Civ­i­liza­tion in Uzbek­istan, the in­ter­na­tional re­search cen­ters named af­ter Imam Bukhari and Imam Ter­mizi, the Is­lamic Academy, schools for the study of ha­diths, Is­lamic law, and Su­fism have re­ceived full sup­port. Ini­tia­tives of the lead­er­ship of Uzbek­istan on joint study of his­tor­i­cal and re­li­gious lit­er­a­ture in the rich book col­lec­tions of the coun­try have re­ceived wor­thy at­ten­tion of our part­ners, as this will give a new im­pe­tus to over­com­ing ig­no­rance and pre­vent­ing the spread of rad­i­cal ideas.

In­ter­na­tional ex­perts ac­knowl­edge the va­lid­ity of Uzbek­istan's cal­cu­la­tion of the ma­halla as a pub­lic in­sti­tu­tion ca­pa­ble of en­sur­ing sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment of the in­di­vid­ual, and if some of its mem­bers fall un­der the in­flu­ence of de­struc­tive or­ga­ni­za­tions, the least painful so­cial re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion, which im­plies timely re­sponse to new trends in coun­ter­ing rad­i­cal­iza­tion.

In this re­gard, the head of state drew at­ten­tion to one of the im­por­tant as­pects, which in fact is the im­per­a­tive of the times, namely the or­ga­ni­za­tion of spe­cial de­part­ments within law en­force­ment bod­ies to pre­vent in­for­ma­tion threats and at­tacks through var­i­ous in­for­ma­tion re­sources.

We also iden­ti­fied the new and im­por­tant tasks fac­ing us in the de­fense sphere. The Pres­i­dent un­der­lined the tasks to en­sure the ef­fec­tive and timely im­ple­men­ta­tion of the Na­tional Se­cu­rity Con­cept and De­fense Doc­trine. In this con­text, it is pointed out that it is nec­es­sary to adopt the State Pro­gram for the For­ma­tion and De­vel­op­ment of the De­fense In­dus­trial Com­plex to pro­vide the Armed Forces with mod­ern weapons and mil­i­tary equip­ment.

The head of state reaf­firmed that in ac­cor­dance with the Strat­egy of Ac­tions adopted in our coun­try, we will con­sis­tently con­tinue the pol­icy of com­pre­hen­sive de­vel­op­ment of friendly, mu­tu­ally ben­e­fi­cial re­la­tions with all coun­tries of the far and near abroad, pri­mar­ily with neigh­bor­ing states, as well as with in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions.

Ac­cord­ing to for­eign ex­perts, within a short pe­riod of time, Uzbek­istan has cre­ated a com­pletely new at­mo­sphere in the re­gion, which in the fu­ture can sig­nif­i­cantly im­prove the im­age of all Cen­tral Asia in the in­ter­na­tional arena. It de­serves at­ten­tion such as­sess­ments as the his­tor­i­cal na­ture of vis­its and the achieve­ment of break­through agree­ments by Uzbek­istan with neigh­bor­ing coun­tries is grad­u­ally shap­ing the no­tion of the re­gion as a full-fledged Cen­tral Asian five.

In gen­eral, the Pres­i­dent's Ad­dress to the Par­lia­ment marked a new mile­stone in the fur­ther demo­cratic path of de­vel­op­ment of Uzbek­istan. 2017 was the start­ing point for a rad­i­cal re­form of all spheres of state and pub­lic life in the coun­try. The next year will be a year of fun­da­men­tal changes in the re­forms that have be­gun, as ev­i­denced by the high bar, based on the pro­vi­sions of the Ad­dress of the Head of State.

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