Star Town to Emerge in Tashkent

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - SPOT IN THE MAP -

Con­struc­tion works have kicked off in the cap­i­tal city in the area of the As­tro­nom­i­cal In­sti­tute of the Academy of Sci­ences.

In a few months there will be a park called Astronomy and Aero­nau­tics. Di­rec­tor of the in­sti­tute, Shukhrat Egam­berdiev, has told us about the trans­for­ma­tions tak­ing place. turned into a sand- rub­ble. Var­i­ous op­tions for sav­ing the build­ing were con­sid­ered, for ex­am­ple, the erec­tion of ex­ter­nal walls, but all of them turned out to be un­suit­able from an engi­neer­ing point of view. It was not easy for us to make a de­ci­sion, but the build­ing ( which, by the way, was re­built many times over many years) had to be de­mol­ished. Ac­cord­ing to the plan, ex­actly such a burned brick will be erected, and in it we will open the Mu­seum of Astronomy, more pre­cisely, the Mu­seum of Astronomy In­stru­ments. But the tower of the so­lar tele­scope, ad­ja­cent to this build­ing, built their burnt bricks, it is well pre­served.

The new lay­out will cor­re­spond to the the­matic ar­eas of the mu­seum. For ex­am­ple, there will be a hall ( room) with equip­ment, posters, ta­bles for de­ter­min­ing the ge­o­graph­i­cal co­or­di­nates of set­tle­ments - this was an ac­tual task in those far times. De­vices for de­ter­min­ing the lat­i­tude and lon­gi­tude of the de­sired place were car­ried on camels and on the spot they made the nec­es­sary mea­sure­ments.

The next room will be de­voted to the def­i­ni­tion of time. Af­ter Huy­gens’ in­ven­tion of the pen­du­lum clock in the 17th cen­tury, the ques­tion arose about their syn­chro­niza­tion, for this pur­pose the ro­ta­tion of the Earth was used and as­tro­nom­i­cal ob­ser­va­tions were needed. All tools for clar­i­fy­ing and syn­chro­niz­ing time will be pre­sented in the mu­seum.

A sep­a­rate sec­tion of the mu­seum will tell about the Maidanak Ob­ser­va­tory, which is one of the five best ob­ser­va­to­ries in the world un­der ob­ser­va­tion con­di­tions. Few peo­ple know that such a place was searched for more than 10 years, it is unique in the num­ber of clear nights, in terms of tur­bu­lence and other cri­te­ria. There is a whole di­rec­tion of astronomy - an as­tro­cli­mate with a large set of pa­ram­e­ters un­der study.

And there is an idea to re­store the of­fice of Aca­demi­cian Shche­glov, who headed the in­sti­tute for a long time. We have pre­served the di­rec­tor's desk of the mid­dle of the last cen­tury, an old tele­phone, an ink de­vice, a type­writer and other at­tributes of re­cent his­tory.

Now about the new ob­jects. On the site be­tween the French tele­scope and the Mu­seum, we plan to build an ex­ist­ing model of the Ulug­bek ob­ser­va­tory at a scale of 1:5. If in this ob­ser­va­tory the ra­dius of the sex­tant was 40 me­ters, then it will be 8 me­ters. Ev­ery­one can get ac­quainted with the work of the ob­ser­va­tory, see how Ulug­bek and his col­leagues de­ter­mined the data of the heav­enly bod­ies. It is pos­si­ble that the model of the ob­ser­va­tory will al­low us to bet­ter un­der­stand the ideas of Ulug­bek and the method­ol­ogy that he used. In ad­di­tion, busts of great as­tronomers of an­tiq­uity will be in­stalled, a sun­dial and other in­ter­est­ing cog­ni­tive ob­jects are built.

On the ter­ri­tory of the in­sti­tute there was a seis­mic base­ment, now aban­doned, half- fallen down. It will be re­con­structed, it will install an op­er­at­ing seis­mo­graph of the old de­sign ( now all seis­mo­graphs are re­placed by dig­i­tal seis­mo­graphs), pro­vided by the In­sti­tute of Seis­mol­ogy. There will be stands telling about the earth­quakes and the work of the seis­mo­graph. Ev­ery­one will be able to go down and per­son­ally track the fluc­tu­a­tions of the soil from dis­tant earth­quakes, metro or a nearby truck.

On the lower bank of the canal, to the right of the in­sti­tute build­ing, it is planned to build a plan­e­tar­ium. And, it will be not just a mod­ern build­ing, it is planned to equip the most in­ter­est­ing, in­clud­ing in­ter­ac­tive ex­hibits on the space theme. Around the plan­e­tar­ium will be a model of the so­lar sys­tem, in one scale will be shown the or­bits of all plan­ets with their mock- ups.

Also there will be a mu­seum of avi­a­tion equip­ment. The Min­istry of De­fense will pro­vide de­com­mis­sioned re­fur­bished equip­ment, air­craft and he­li­copters. All ex­hibits will be open, so that chil­dren can sit in the cock­pit of the pi­lot, try on the parachute and learn tech­ni­cal in­for­ma­tion.

There will also be re­cre­ation ar­eas, a café and a Fer­ris wheel to ex­plore the park from above.

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