Nation’s Exim Activities Undergo Critical Analysis
The President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev chaired a video conference on February 27 devoted to the analysis of fulfillment of the tasks set for increasing exports and reducing imports, of the work carried out in this area across industries and regions.
It took place in the spirit of critical analysis. The head of state deeply examined the shortcomings in the execution of the export plan, defined the main directions and tasks.
Today, important reforms are being implemented to ensure stable development of our country’s economy, creating the necessary conditions and opportunities for the production and export of competitive products. However, no organization has so far bothered to analyze - what is the structure of imports, what goods, in what volume and at what price are imported into our country, the control in this sphere is neglected, and these facts have been criticized.
Thus, the import reduction plan for 2017 was fulfilled by 88%. In one year, washing powder was imported for $ 20 million, toilet soap worth $ 13 million, construction and synthetic paints for $ 49 million, chocolate for $ 23 million.
Is this not indicative of the fact that the localization programs adopted in past years do not have a firm basis, are only a fraud and a pretext for obtaining benefits, Shavkat Mirziyoyev said. In fact, the list of investment projects should include only those that are aimed at local production of goods, often imported into our country. But responsible persons look at it through their fingers.
At the meeting it was noted that in the future an absolutely new system of organization of work and control in this sphere will be introduced. The group will be responsible for organizing and monitoring exports, led by Deputy Prime Minister Nodir Otajonov and First Deputy Prosecutor General Erkaboy Tadjiev. The regional hokims and the first deputies of regional prosecutors will be engaged in the export on the local level.
A Republican working group is also formed to organize and monitor work to reduce imports, and the head of the Department for Combating Tax, Currency Crimes and Legalization of Criminal Incomes under the Prosecutor General's Office was appointed as its head. The same working groups, headed by the heads of territorial departments, will be organized in the regions.
The tasks of this department will be radically changed in accordance with the current requirements in terms of streamlining the issues of import and export. It must organize systematic work to prevent uncontrolled leakage of foreign exchange funds from the country, reduce imports, support the production of import-substituting products.
These working groups must travel to the field, work in close cooperation with exporters, provide them with real assistance in increasing exports and create ‘green corridors’. At the same time, it is necessary to regularly analyze the structure of imports, provide comprehensive assistance in the implementation of specific projects for the development of domestic production. In the same way, ministers and industry leaders organize their work.
The meeting noted that previously made plans and given promises on exports were not met. In particular, the serious misgivings in this respect are caused by the activities of the joint-stock company Uzagrogtekhsanoatholding and the company Uzbekozikovkatholding.
Attention was paid to the fact that the import of building materials and pharmaceutical products is ten times higher than exports. In this connection, the relevant instructions were given to the leadership of the Agency for the Development of the Pharmaceutical Industry and the joint-stock company Uzkurilishmaterialari.
Possibilities for expanding exports are also available in the regions. Unexpected reserves for exports were revealed during the President's trips to Tashkent, Surkhandarya, Kashkadarya and Bukhara regions in January-February this year.
Important directions were identified for using available reserves to increase exports. In particular, the association Uztukimachiliksanoat and regional hokims were instructed to develop roadmaps for the implementation of the export plan for each enterprise and new production. It was noted the need to expand revenues from tourism, which is one of the industries with huge potential, introducing a system of paid entry through turnstiles at all tourist sites.
It is projected this year to increase the exports of fruits and vegetables in comparison with last year. To reach this objective it is essential to timely and fully collect and arrange the sales abroad of August onions, garlic and crops grown in ‘tuksonbosti’ methodology. It is necessary to fully utilize the potential of regions specializing in fruit and vegetable production, plant high-yield crops for 150,000 hectares of land
liberated from cotton and grain, allocate additional crop areas to large exporting organizations, organize modern greenhouses, refrigeration warehouses and processing plants.
In this connection, the task is to create an electronic database of exporting enterprises, create their electronic passports containing information on their products, the volume of exports and other.
It was also pointed out the need to introduce modern mechanisms for selling products abroad through electronic trading platforms. It is entrusted from January 1, 2019, to launch jointly with South Korea the National Electronic Trading Platform of Uzbekistan, which allows the sale of goods of domestic exporting enterprises to foreign buyers.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev gave specific instructions on increasing the country’s export potential, comprehensive support of exporting enterprises and entrepreneurs.
It was noted that neither foreign companies, nor local enterprises and state bodies have information about how many exporting enterprises operate in our country, what goods they produce.