Specialists from the University of Southampton (UK) and the Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology of the Max Planck Society (Germany) proved that the first artists were Neanderthals, not the early ancestors of modern man.
For a long time it was believed that the Neanderthals did not possess symbolic thinking and artistic taste. Many scientists attributed the appearance of rock art to the Cro-Magnon - the first ancestors of modern man. However, the uraniumthorium method of radioisotope dating has made it possible to accurately determine the age of the drawings found in the Spanish caves of La Pasig, Maltraveso and Ardales. To the surprise of the specialists, the drawings were made 64 thousand years ago, long before the arrival of the Cro-Magnon people in Europe, the last of whom arrived here from Africa only 20,000 years later.
The team of researchers, which included British, German, Spanish and French specialists, analyzed more than 60 samples from three caves in Spain. In all the caves there are red (ocher) and black images of animals and other simple drawings, as well as fingerprints. According to researchers, ancient artists were characterized by complex behavior, which allowed you to choose the right place for creativity with sufficient lighting, as well as mix the necessary dyes. All this changes the idea of the Neanderthals, which, as it turns out, was not alien to the beautiful.
Earlier, an international group of scientists discovered in Crimea an unusual bone of a crow with artificially marked notches, made by Neanderthals. According to experts, this finding also indicates the presence of our ancestors of an aesthetic perception.