Spe­cial­ists Surprised

Spe­cial­ists from the Univer­sity of Southamp­ton (UK) and the In­sti­tute for Evo­lu­tion­ary An­thro­pol­ogy of the Max Planck So­ci­ety (Ger­many) proved that the first artists were Ne­an­derthals, not the early an­ces­tors of mod­ern man.

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - KALEIDOSCOPE -

For a long time it was believed that the Ne­an­derthals did not pos­sess sym­bolic think­ing and artis­tic taste. Many sci­en­tists at­trib­uted the ap­pear­ance of rock art to the Cro-Magnon - the first an­ces­tors of mod­ern man. How­ever, the ura­ni­umtho­rium method of ra­dioiso­tope dat­ing has made it pos­si­ble to ac­cu­rately de­ter­mine the age of the draw­ings found in the Span­ish caves of La Pasig, Mal­trav­eso and Ardales. To the sur­prise of the spe­cial­ists, the draw­ings were made 64 thou­sand years ago, long be­fore the ar­rival of the Cro-Magnon peo­ple in Europe, the last of whom ar­rived here from Africa only 20,000 years later.

The team of re­searchers, which in­cluded Bri­tish, Ger­man, Span­ish and French spe­cial­ists, an­a­lyzed more than 60 sam­ples from three caves in Spain. In all the caves there are red (ocher) and black im­ages of an­i­mals and other sim­ple draw­ings, as well as finger­prints. Ac­cord­ing to re­searchers, an­cient artists were char­ac­ter­ized by com­plex be­hav­ior, which al­lowed you to choose the right place for cre­ativ­ity with suf­fi­cient light­ing, as well as mix the nec­es­sary dyes. All this changes the idea of the Ne­an­derthals, which, as it turns out, was not alien to the beau­ti­ful.

Ear­lier, an in­ter­na­tional group of sci­en­tists dis­cov­ered in Crimea an un­usual bone of a crow with ar­ti­fi­cially marked notches, made by Ne­an­derthals. Ac­cord­ing to ex­perts, this finding also in­di­cates the pres­ence of our an­ces­tors of an aes­thetic per­cep­tion.

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