Clus­ter Ap­proach

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - REGIONS -

This year, in the Rish­tan district of the Ferghana re­gion, cot­ton is grown by a method of clus­ter­ing, on 6.5 thou­sand hectares of land. A new method, ap­plied for the first time on the ba­sis of con­tract­ing, con­cluded with 327 cot­ton-grow­ing farms, ac­cord­ing to ex­pert fore­casts, should in­crease the vol­umes of prod­ucts man­i­fold.

To im­ple­ment the project, a spe­cial­ized lim­ited com­pany, Clus­ter Ltd., was es­tab­lished in the district. These days, more than 20 of its agron­o­mists and other cot­ton spe­cial­ists are en­ter­ing the fields and watch­ing the de­vel­op­ment of crops, and are work­ing to in­crease yields. In or­der to com­bat in­sect pests, 15 new VHF units were pur­chased, which are ef­fec­tively used by farms.

Now the farmer does not need any­thing, he re­ceives the nec­es­sary min­eral fer­til­iz­ers and fuel in the terms and in the quan­ti­ties es­tab­lished by the con­tract. Em­ploy­ees are paid in time. And the de­vel­op­ment and con­di­tion of cot­ton plants is un­der the con­stant su­per­vi­sion of spe­cial­ists.

“We have in fact made sure of the ad­van­tages of the clus­ter method,” says the head of the farm Yulchi­boy Ho­likov. “70 hectares of land are at our dis­posal. This year, they signed an agree­ment with Clus­ter Ltd. and planted cot­ton grade C 8290 on 32 hectares in or­der to ob­tain 45 cent­ners of crop per hectare.”

“The in­tro­duc­tion of the clus­ter method con­trib­utes to the growth in our in­comes,” said Nodira Ak­barova, the head of the farm Zarin­abonu Yer­lari. “Thanks to the rec­om­men­da­tions of spe­cial­ists I be­gan to use new fer­til­iz­ers. As a re­sult, the con­di­tion of the land, which usu­ally with dif­fi­culty gave up to 29 cent­ners of the crop, was rad­i­cally im­proved. To­day, with ev­ery hectare, we raise 35 har­vest cen­ters. This year, we grow cot­ton on 22.5 hectares. So far, cul­ti­va­tion of row-spac­ing has been car­ried out 4 times, in­clud­ing once with the in­tro­duc­tion of min­eral fer­til­iz­ers. This year, cot­ton­seed seeds were sown on two rows, so care for them is car­ried out with strict ad­her­ence to the rec­om­men­da­tions of spe­cial­ists and agrotech­ni­cal mea­sures.”

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