Strength­en­ing Re­gional and In­ter­na­tional Co­op­er­a­tion to En­sure Peace, Sta­bil­ity and Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment in the Cen­tral Asian Re­gion

United Na­tions Gen­eral As­sem­bly June 2018 Seventy-sec­ond ses­sion Agenda item 65 Peace­build­ing and sus­tain­ing peace

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - FRONT PAGE -

The Gen­eral As­sem­bly,

Guided by the pro­vi­sions of the Char­ter of the United Na­tions that en­cour­age mea­sures for re­gional co­op­er­a­tion to ad­vance the pur­poses and prin­ci­ples of the United Na­tions,

Rec­og­niz­ing the im­por­tant role of the Cen­tral Asian coun­tries in en­sur­ing peace, sta­bil­ity and sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment in the re­gion as well as in pro­mot­ing re­gional and i nter­na­tional co­op­er­a­tion,

Keep­ing in mind mod­ern chal­lenges and threats faced by the coun­tries of Cen­tral Asia,

Ac­knowl­edg­ing the ma­jor re­gional and in­ter­na­tional ini­tia­tives of the Cen­tral Asian States in the fields of se­cu­rity and de­vel­op­ment, in­clud­ing:

(a) The es­tab­lish­ment of a nu­clear-weapon­free zone in Cen­tral Asia as an ef­fec­tive mea­sure to­wards the achieve­ment of a world free of nu­clear weapons and other weapons of mass de­struc­tion,

(b) The dec­la­ra­tion by the Gen­eral As­sem­bly of 29 Au­gust as the In­ter­na­tional Day against Nu­clear Tests as one of the key means of achiev­ing the goal of a nu­clear-weapon-free world,

(c) The adop­tion of the first re­gional Joint Plan of Ac­tion for the Im­ple­men­ta­tion of the United Na­tions Global Counter-Ter­ror­ism Strat­egy in Cen­tral Asia and the Ashgabat Dec­la­ra­tion,

(d) The elim­i­na­tion of risks from ura­nium tailings, the legacy of nu­clear tests and ra­dioac­tive waste,

(e) The procla­ma­tion of the pe­riod 2018– 2028 as the In­ter­na­tional Decade for Ac­tion, “Wa­ter for Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment”,

(f) En­sur­ing re­li­able and sta­ble tran­sit in re­spect of en­ergy car­ri­ers and en­ergy re­sources, in­clud­ing through the ef­fec­tive im­ple­men­ta­tion of ex­ist­ing re­gional en­ergy projects,

(g) The de­vel­op­ment of sus­tain­able, best­value in­fra­struc­ture sup­port­ing trans­port and tran­sit cor­ri­dors and the strength­en­ing of links be­tween all modes of trans­port, in­clud­ing by open­ing new roads and rail­ways, as well as flight routes, as well as the im­ple­men­ta­tion of trans­port and tran­sit agree­ments en­com­pass­ing Cen­tral Asia,

(h) En­sur­ing the pro­tec­tion of ecosys­tems, bio­di­ver­sity and crit­i­cal species of flora and fauna,

Wel­com­ing the ef­forts of the Gov­ern­ments of Cen­tral Asian coun­tries to im­ple­ment the 2030 Agenda for Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment and the Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment Goals con­tained therein at the na­tional level,

Re­fer­ring to the re­sults of the in­ter­na­tional con­fer­ence on the theme “Cen­tral Asia: shared past and com­mon Fu­ture, co­op­er­a­tion for sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment and mu­tual pros­per­ity”, held in Sa­markand, Uzbek­istan, on 10 and 11 Novem­ber 2017, at which the coun­tries of Cen­tral Asia reaf­firmed their com­mit­ment to strength­en­ing bi­lat­eral and re­gional co­op­er­a­tion,

Not­ing with sat­is­fac­tion the re­gional sup­port for the ini­tia­tive to con­vene reg­u­lar con­sul­ta­tive meet­ings of the Heads of State of the Cen­tral Asian coun­tries,

Rec­og­niz­ing the im­por­tance of preven­tive diplo­macy, and not­ing in this con­text the role of the United Na­tions Re­gional Cen­tre for Preven­tive Diplo­macy for Cen­tral Asia,

Rec­og­niz­ing also the ef­forts of the United Na­tions Spe­cial Pro­gramme for the Economies of Cen­tral Asia, which Afghanistan has joined,

Stress­ing the im­por­tance of the Afghan-led Re­gional Eco­nomic Co­op­er­a­tion Con­fer­ence on Afghanistan and other such im­por­tant re­gional ini­tia­tives, aimed at pro­mot­ing re­gional co­op­er­a­tion, and wel­com­ing the out­comes of the sev­enth Re­gional Eco­nomic Co­op­er­a­tion Con­fer­ence on Afghanistan, held in Ashgabat on 14 and 15 Novem­ber 2017, aimed at fur­ther eco­nomic co­op­er­a­tion, and en­cour­ag­ing the ef­forts and con­tri­bu­tion by Cen­tral Asian States to the de­vel­op­ment of Afghanistan,

Rec­og­niz­ing the out­comes of the min­is­te­rial de­bate of the Se­cu­rity Coun­cil on build­ing re­gional part­ner­ship in Afghanistan and Cen­tral Asia as a model to link se­cu­rity and de­vel­op­ment, held on 19 Jan­uary 2018 dur­ing the pres­i­dency of Kaza­khstan as the first Cen­tral Asian coun­try on the Coun­cil,

Ac­knowl­edg­ing the ef­forts of the Cen­tral Asian States to ac­tively pro­mote ed­u­ca­tion as an im­por­tant con­di­tion for ef­fec­tively coun­ter­act­ing vi­o­lent ex­trem­ism as and when con­ducive to ter­ror­ism,

Tak­ing into ac­count the out­come of the high­level in­ter­na­tional con­fer­ence on coun­ter­ing ter­ror­ism and pre­vent­ing vi­o­lent ex­trem­ism, held in Dushanbe on 3 and 4 May 2018,

Sup­port­ing the hold­ing of the World Nomad Games on a reg­u­lar ba­sis, thereby con­tribut­ing to in­ter­cul­tural di­a­logue,

1. Notes with sat­is­fac­tion the sig­nif­i­cant prac­ti­cal con­tri­bu­tion and ef­forts of the Cen­tral Asian States in strength­en­ing re­gional se­cu­rity and sta­bil­ity, as well as in fos­ter­ing sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment;

2. Ex­presses its sup­port for the on­go­ing re­gional ef­forts and ini­tia­tives to strengthen sta­bil­ity and eco­nomic co­op­er­a­tion in Cen­tral Asia;

3. Reaf­firms that threats to sta­bil­ity and sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment in the re­gion re­quire closer and more co­or­di­nated co­op­er­a­tion be­tween the States of Cen­tral Asia, as well as be­tween them and in­ter­na­tional and re­gional or­ga­ni­za­tions, and also reaf­firms the im­por­tance of re­gional co­op­er­a­tion in­volv­ing re­gional and in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions in ad­dress­ing these threats;

4. Calls upon the coun­tries of the re­gion to make ef­fec­tive use of the plat­form of reg­u­lar con­sul­ta­tions of Heads of State and other fo­rums to pro­mote co­op­er­a­tion in the re­gion and beyond in en­sur­ing peace, sta­bil­ity and sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment;

5. Sup­ports the ac­tive co­op­er­a­tion of the Cen­tral Asian coun­tries in im­ple­ment­ing the ini­tia­tives out­lined in the fi­nal com­mu­niqué of the in­ter­na­tional con­fer­ence on the theme “Cen­tral Asia: shared past and com­mon fu­ture, co­op­er­a­tion for sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment and mu­tual pros­per­ity”;11

6. Wel­comes the first sum­mit of Cen­tral Asian Heads of State, held in Astana on 15 March 2018;

7. Also wel­comes the hold­ing by Turk­menistan in 2018 of the sum­mit of the Heads of the par­tic­i­pat­ing States of the In­ter­na­tional Fund for Sav­ing the Aral Sea;

8. En­cour­ages the ef­forts of the Cen­tral Asian Sates to pro­mote the peace process and so­cial and eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment in Afghanistan and their par­tic­i­pa­tion in the re­gional po­lit­i­cal and eco­nomic pro­cesses, and un­der­scores the im­por­tance of the Kabul process as a main fo­rum and ve­hi­cle for peace ini­tia­tives on Afghanistan, as well as other re­gional and in­ter­na­tional con­fer­ences, in­clud­ing the Tashkent Con­fer­ence on Afghanistan: Peace Process, Se­cu­rity Co­op­er­a­tion and Re­gional Con­nec­tiv­ity, held on 26 and 27 March 2018, as on­go­ing ef­forts of the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity to sup­port the Afghan-led peace and rec­on­cil­i­a­tion process;

9. Notes the im­por­tance of de­vel­op­ing and strength­en­ing bi­lat­eral and re­gional co­op­er­a­tion in the sphere of the ra­tio­nal and in­te­grated use of wa­ter and en­ergy re­sources in Cen­tral Asia, tak­ing into ac­count the in­ter­ests of all States of the re­gion, and for that pur­pose calls for the hold­ing of reg­u­lar con­sul­ta­tions to promptly de­velop mu­tu­ally ben­e­fi­cial longterm sus­tain­able mech­a­nisms in this field;

10. Calls upon Mem­ber States to sup­port the ef­forts of the Cen­tral Asian States aimed at mit­i­gat­ing the en­vi­ron­men­tal and so­cioe­co­nomic con­se­quences of the dry­ing up of the Aral Sea;

11. Sup­ports the fur­ther strength­en­ing of good-neigh­bourly and friendly re­la­tions among the Cen­tral Asian States through deep­en­ing re­la­tions in the fields of ed­u­ca­tion, sci­ence, tech­nol­ogy, in­no­va­tion, tourism, cul­ture, the arts and sports, and for con­tin­ued mu­tual as­sis­tance in emer­gency sit­u­a­tions;

12. Notes the im­por­tance of de­vel­op­ing an ad­vanced trans­porta­tion sys­tem in the vast area of Cen­tral Asia and the wide use of the tran­sit po­ten­tial of the re­gion as a nec­es­sary con­di­tion for sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment and free move­ment of peo­ple, goods and ser­vices;

13. Calls upon the spe­cial­ized agen­cies, funds and pro­grammes of the United Na­tions sys­tem to har­mo­nize their pro­grammes and ac­tiv­i­ties in sup­port of the pri­or­i­ties for re­gional co­op­er­a­tion, in­te­gra­tion and sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment in Cen­tral Asia, as iden­ti­fied by the coun­tries of the re­gion;

14. En­cour­ages the United Na­tions Re­gional Cen­tre for Preven­tive Diplo­macy for Cen­tral Asia to con­tinue its ef­forts to pro­mote peace, sta­bil­ity, se­cu­rity and pros­per­ity in the re­gion, within its man­date, in pro­mot­ing preven­tive diplo­macy in co­op­er­a­tion with rel­e­vant re­gional and in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions;

15. En­cour­ages the ef­forts of the part­ners of the Cen­tral Asian States and the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity as a whole to strengthen and ex­pand co­op­er­a­tion with the coun­tries of the re­gion in the fields of re­gional se­cu­rity and sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment.

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