Qual­ity in Spot­light

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - WORLD -

The so­cial pro­tec­tion of chil­dren will be im­proved, and the rights of the child will be pro­tected. This con­clu­sion was reached by the par­tic­i­pants of a meet­ing de­voted to co­op­er­a­tion with UNICEF. The high rank of gov­ern­ment of­fi­cials rep­re­sented at the ses­sion shows the im­por­tance of the topics dis­cussed, which are ad­dressed in the UNICEF Coun­try Pro­gram for 2016- 2020.

In ad­di­tion to the Re­gional Di­rec­tor of UNICEF in Europe and Cen­tral Asia, Af­shan Khan, the event was at­tended by the Uzbek Deputy Prime Min­is­ters Tanzila Nar­baeva and Aziz Ab­duhaki­mov, Min­is­ter of Health Alisher Shad­manov, Min­is­ter of Pub­lic Ed­u­ca­tion Sher­zod Sher­ma­tov, Min­is­ter of Preschool Ed­u­ca­tion Agrip­pina Shin, Min­is­ter of Em­ploy­ment and La­bor Re­la­tions Sher­zod Kud­biev.

HOW TO MAKE THE SYS­TEM BEST IN THE RE­GION?

Ac­cord­ing to Deputy Prime Min­is­ter Aziz Ab­duhaki­mov, who over­sees the gov­ern­ment com­plex on so­cial is­sues, a step to­wards this will be the cre­ation of a sin­gle body re­spon­si­ble for the so­cial pro­tec­tion sys­tem, so­cial work and case man­age­ment, com­bin­ing so­cial ser­vices and pay­ments to pre­vent dif­fi­cult life sit­u­a­tions for fam­i­lies, chil­dren, and help them in case of cri­sis.

The gov­ern­ment mem­ber out­lined three tasks for the joint work of the gov­ern­ment and UNICEF: ex­pert sup­port, the de­vel­op­ment of new pro­grams and projects, and the re­vi­sion of the ac­tion plan to max­i­mize the im­pact of funds pro­vided by UNICEF.

The Min­is­ter of Em­ploy­ment and La­bor Re­la­tions Sher­zod Kud­biev ac­knowl­edged the lack of an in­for­ma­tion data­base on so­cially vul­ner­a­ble seg­ments of the pop­u­la­tion, on their em­ploy­ment and so­cial pro­tec­tion.

To­day, 10% of the coun­try’s GDP is di­rected to so­cial se­cu­rity and pay­ments. “It seems to be a lot of money, but ad­dress­ing them leaves some ques­tions,” Sher­zod Kud­biev said.

As an ex­am­ple of large-scale pub­lic in­vest­ments and re­sources in the fu­ture of chil­dren, Aziz Ab­duhaki­mov cited the cre­ation of the Min­istry of Preschool Ed­u­ca­tion and the re­form of this sphere.

The adopted pro­gram of ac­tion for the de­vel­op­ment of preschool ed­u­ca­tion in­tro­duces pos­i­tive changes in the sit­u­a­tion: the pri­vate sec­tor is de­vel­op­ing, the pres­tige of the ed­u­ca­tor is raised.

Con­tin­u­ing the dis­cus­sion on ed­u­ca­tion, Sher­zod Sher­ma­tov spoke about the re­form of pub­lic ed­u­ca­tion, stress­ing the course to im­prove the qual­ity. One of the pri­or­i­ties he named was the in­crease in the sta­tus of teacher in so­ci­ety, the com­plete re­lease of the teacher from un­due bur­den, an­other pri­or­ity is to boost earn­ings and en­sure the so­cial pro­tec­tion of ed­u­ca­tors.

Health Min­is­ter Alisher Shad­manov stated that in 2018 three times more funds were al­lo­cated from the state bud­get for the pur­chase of medicines than in 2017, twice as much for con­struc­tion and re­pair works.

Speak­ing about work­ing with UNICEF, the min­is­ter high­lighted the sup­port of peo­ple liv­ing with HIV; con­duct­ing the first na­tional re­search in the field of nutri­tion; cal­cu­la­tion of the real cost of peri­na­tal ser­vices; im­prove­ment of san­i­ta­tion in re­mote and small schools; in­crease the ca­pac­ity of health work­ers to care for new­borns.

DRAW­BACKS ALSO IN ABUN­DANCE

Sher­zod Kud­biev said that the cur­rent pro­ce­dure for the ap­point­ment and pay­ment of so­cial ben­e­fits through cit­i­zens’ self-gov­ern­ment bod­ies is not ef­fec­tive enough. Numer­ous facts of grant­ing ben­e­fits and ma­te­rial as­sis­tance not to those who re­ally need them are re­vealed. It is pro­posed to de­velop a so­cial pro­tec­tion strat­egy and in­sti­tu­tional re­form in this area to bet­ter sup­port the vul­ner­a­ble seg­ments of the pop­u­la­tion, in­clud­ing chil­dren.

Alisher Shad­manov pointed out high child and ma­ter­nal mor­tal­ity, in­ad­e­quate care for chil­dren with pneu­mo­nia and di­ar­rhea. He also pointed to the need to de­velop in­for­ma­tion bases on ma­ter­nity and child­hood, im­mu­niza­tion, not­ing the pres­ence of un­re­li­able in­for­ma­tion and the lack of ob­jec­tiv­ity in it. The de­vel­op­ment of mech­a­nisms for emer­gency med­i­cal care, the estab­lish­ment of dis­abil­ity in ac­cor­dance with in­ter­na­tional stan­dards and cri­te­ria and the early de­tec­tion of dis­abil­ity.

Deputy Chair­man of the Supreme Ju­di­cial Coun­cil Dil­shod Aripov sin­gled out four sys­temic prob­lems in the area of jus­tice for chil­dren. First, there is no sin­gle sys­tem for the ad­min­is­tra­tion of crim­i­nal jus­tice in re­la­tion to mi­nors – the sys­tem of ju­ve­nile jus­tice, which re­quires spe­cial laws, pro­ce­dures, in­sti­tu­tions, ser­vices, spe­cial­ists who work with chil­dren in con­flict with the law.

Sec­ond, al­ter­na­tive mea­sures should be ap­plied to ju­ve­nile of­fend­ers, in­clud­ing re­moval from the jus­tice sys­tem, as well as al­ter­na­tive penal­ties and restora­tive jus­tice ap­proaches, such as me­di­a­tion.

Third, we do not have pro­ba­tion ser­vices for chil­dren who su­per­vise chil­dren re­leased from places of de­pri­va­tion of lib­erty, closed ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tu­tions, as well as chil­dren who have been given sen­tences other than im­pris­on­ment.

Fourth, ju­ve­nile vic­tims and wit­nesses are not fully pro­tected dur­ing the trial process. The leg­is­la­tion does not yet fix the re­stric­tion of the num­ber of in­ter­ro­ga­tions of mi­nor vic­tims and wit­nesses of crimes, preven­tion of their con­tacts with the ac­cused and de­fen­dants. It is im­por­tant to en­sure in­ter­ro­ga­tion in a more com­fort­able en­vi­ron­ment, ac­cess to var­i­ous ser­vices and as­sis­tance to child vic­tims and wit­nesses of crimes.

HOW TO FIGHT WITH SHORT­COM­INGS?

The Min­istry of Health is de­vel­op­ing a con­cept for the de­vel­op­ment of health­care for a pe­riod of 10 years. In this frame­work, med­i­cal ser­vices should be iden­ti­fied, their cost cal­cu­lated and tar­iffs de­vel­oped, so we will be ready for the tran­si­tion to com­pul­sory health in­sur­ance.

The rep­re­sen­ta­tive of the Supreme Ju­di­cial Coun­cil re­ported on the prepa­ra­tion of a draft amend­ment to the Crim­i­nal and Crim­i­nal Pro­ce­dural Codes for the im­ple­men­ta­tion of in­ter­na­tional stan­dards for the pro­tec­tion of chil­dren’s rights in the jus­tice sys­tem, the estab­lish­ment of three in­ter­ro­ga­tion rooms for un­der­age vic­tims and wit­nesses of crimes at the pre­lim­i­nary in­ves­ti­ga­tion stage, for girls, and draw­ing up in­di­vid­ual plans for work­ing with them in spe­cial­ized ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tu­tions.

The UNICEF Re­gional Di­rec­tor for Europe and Cen­tral Asia, Af­shan Khan, wel­comed the adop­tion by the Uzbek gov­ern­ment of all the rec­om­men­da­tions of the UN Com­mit­tee on the Rights of the Child pre­sented back in 2013, as well as spe­cific mea­sures en­vis­aged in the na­tional ac­tion pro­gram for their im­ple­men­ta­tion. She also stressed the key im­por­tance of the avail­able qual­ity data­bases for anal­y­sis and de­ci­sion­mak­ing at the state level, es­pe­cially dur­ing the re­form pe­riod. “The pos­i­tive trans­for­ma­tion and re­forms im­ple­mented in the coun­try re­quire that we fur­ther our close co­op­er­a­tion,” she con­cluded.

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