Clus­ter Meth­ods Go­ing Pop­u­lar

The en­ter­prise Rus O`zbek Teks in Ferghana re­gion’s Rish­tan dis­trict eyes a much-promis­ing pro­ject with the ap­pli­ca­tion of clus­ter meth­ods.

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - REGIONS -

Spe­cial em­pha­sis is placed in Uzbek­istan to the de­liv­ery of in­fra­struc­ture built on cut­ting-edge tech­nolo­gies and in­tro­duc­tion of clus­ter tech­niques into the agri­cul­tural sec­tor. One of such in­no­va­tion schemes is cur­rently un­der im­ple­men­ta­tion in Rish­tan dis­trict.

For the first time this year, Rus O`zbek Teks has been em­ploy­ing a clus­ter process in cot­ton cul­ti­va­tion. Con­sid­er­able ef­fects are ex­pected as a re­sult. More than 1,000 hectares of cot­ton fields in the dis­trict are lo­cated on the lands of cen­tral Ferghana, and the crop yield has dropped here in re­cent years. Ear­lier this year, ex­pe­ri­enced spe­cial­ists stud­ied the ex­tent of soil bonity, its struc­ture and com­po­si­tion. Sam­ples from the up­per stra­tum of the soil as well as from the ten- and twen­tymeter depths were taken for through ex­am­i­na­tion.

As a re­sult of re­search and con­clu­sions of the spe­cial­ists, seeds of the cot­ton of Na­man­gan 77 and S 8290 species were sown, and all the agro-tech­ni­cal works were car­ried out with qual­ity and in time. Cur­rently, the com­pany em­ploys more than 20 agri­cul­tural, chem­i­cal and other spe­cial­ists. For the past pe­riod of this year, in ex­cess of twenty units of ma­chin­ery and scores of spare parts were pro­cured.

“We see the ad­van­tages of the clus­ter method in prac­tice,” Yursi­nali Sodikov, head of the farmer en­ter­prise Kodir Sodik, said in an in­ter­view. “This year, we’ve con­cluded agree­ment with Rus O`zbek Teks, sown the seeds of the S 8290 species of cot­ton on 18 hectares of land and in­tend to har­vest 40 met­ric cent­ners of yield. As a re­sult of the timely con­duct of agro-tech­ni­cal works, we see cot­ton boxes al­ready open all over the field. Now we are har­vest­ing the crop.”

In 2018-2020, the en­ter­prise en­vis­ages to re­al­ize a promis­ing pro­ject. In par­tic­u­lar, the in­tro­duc­tion of clus­ter tech­niques opens up nu­mer­ous ad­van­tages and op­por­tu­ni­ties for it.

“Ear­lier, we used to con­fine our­selves to the pro­duc­tion of threads and yarn,” said the com­pany di­rec­tor Olimjon Olimov. “But now, the raw ma­te­rial is pro­cessed right here, it passes through all the phases and turns into fin­ished ex­port ori­ented prod­uct be­cause clus­ter is an in­no­va­tion pro­duc­tion method that unites en­ter­prises linked with deep pro­cess­ing of crude, start­ing from cul­ti­va­tion of land, sow­ing cot­ton seeds and through to its growth, col­lec­tion and re­pro­cess­ing. In ac­cor­dance with es­ti­mates, 20 bil­lion soums of pure in­come is pro­jected as the out­come of the year.”

The en­ter­prise also bought over the cot­ton gin­nery of the dis­trict, where it in­stalled modern tech­no­log­i­cal equip­ment worth 200 thou­sand US dol­lars. In the fu­ture, the com­pany eyes the or­ga­ni­za­tion of oil pro­duc­tion, knit­ting mill, an aux­il­iary en­ter­prise, and the cre­ation of more than two thou­sand jobs. Pro­duc­tion of 5,420 tons of yarn and over 143 bil­lion soums of in­come are pro­jected for this year.

Ac­cord­ing to spe­cial­ists, or­ga­ni­za­tion of clus­ters serves the de­vel­op­ment of pro­duc­tion chain and pro­vi­sion for deep re­pro­cess­ing of crudes. Such form of ac­tiv­ity in conditions of mar­ket econ­omy al­lows for the re­duc­tion in the costs of pro­duc­tion, im­prove­ment of its qual­ity, and the el­e­va­tion of the com­pet­i­tive­ness of the in­dus­try.

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