How Se­cure is the Rule of Law in the Coun­try?

The Ij­ti­moiy Fikr Cen­ter for the Study of Pub­lic Opin­ion, in ac­cor­dance with the Strat­egy of Ac­tion, con­ducted a so­ci­o­log­i­cal sur­vey on the re­form of the ju­di­cial and le­gal sys­tem. Its pur­pose is to iden­tify the level of pub­lic aware­ness in this di­rec­tion

Uzbekistan Today (English) - - IN THE MIRROR OF PUBLIC OPINION - Igor Ch­ernykh

The study showed that it is im­por­tant for the cit­i­zens of the coun­try that the main goal of le­gal re­forms is to en­sure the rule of law and order in the coun­try, in­crease the ef­fec­tive­ness of the sys­tem of com­bat­ing crime and pre­vent­ing crime, strength­en­ing the role of the ju­di­ciary in pro­tect­ing the rights and le­git­i­mate in­ter­ests of cit­i­zens, strength­en­ing the au­thor­ity and true in­de­pen­dence of the courts, in ef­fec­tively en­sur­ing the pro­tec­tion of the rights and free­doms of cit­i­zens and im­prov­ing cur­rent leg­is­la­tion.

Ac­cord­ing to the re­spon­dents, ju­di­cial and le­gal re­form is in­creas­ingly pen­e­trat­ing the process of re­new­ing the life of the state and so­ci­ety, pos­i­tive re­sults have been achieved in in­creas­ing the rights and free­doms of cit­i­zens, ac­cess to jus­tice, re­duc­ing bu­reau­cratic ob­sta­cles, en­sur­ing se­cu­rity and jus­tice.

The pub­lic opin­ion is dom­i­nated by the con­vic­tion of cit­i­zens that in the com­ing years even more tan­gi­ble pos­i­tive re­sults of the re­form in this di­rec­tion will be achieved: peo­ple be­lieve that in the fu­ture the gen­eral rule of law will pre­vail in so­ci­ety, the rights, honor and dig­nity of cit­i­zens will be fully and com­pre­hen­sively pro­tected , uni­ver­sally ap­proved and en­sured the pri­or­ity of hu­man rights and free­doms; re­sults will be achieved in coun­ter­ing cor­rup­tion and en­sur­ing the true in­de­pen­dence of the ju­di­ciary.

The sur­vey re­vealed a high level of pro­tec­tion of the rights and le­git­i­mate in­ter­ests of cit­i­zens from all kinds of en­croach­ments. 94.5% of re­spon­dents noted that they feel their le­gal se­cu­rity from pos­si­ble vi­o­la­tions of the rights and in­fringe­ments of their le­git­i­mate in­ter­ests. Mon­i­tor­ing of the re­sults of sur­veys for 20172018 re­vealed that the in­di­ca­tors of le­gal pro­tec­tion of cit­i­zens re­main con­sis­tently high.

Ac­cord­ing to the ab­so­lute ma­jor­ity of cit­i­zens, ba­sic con­sti­tu­tional hu­man rights are guar­an­teed and pro­tected by the state in Uzbek­istan, pro­tec­tion of the honor and dig­nity of peo­ple is guar­an­teed, equal rights for all to re­ceive ed­u­ca­tion, work, so­cial se­cu­rity, ob­tain­ing qual­i­fied med­i­cal ser­vices, cre­at­ing a fam­ily, re­pro­duc­tive right are cre­ated , free­dom of re­li­gion, the abil­ity to com­ply with na­tional tra­di­tions and customs, the right to prop­erty.

The pub­lic opin­ion poll showed that the Na­tional re­cep­tion of­fices of the Pres­i­dent of the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan have an im­por­tant role in the ob­ser­vance of the con­sti­tu­tional rights of cit­i­zens and so­cial jus­tice in so­ci­ety. The ma­jor­ity of re­spon­dents (72.5%) in case of vi­o­la­tion of their rights and in­fringe­ment of le­git­i­mate in­ter­ests ap­ply for help to the Peo­ple’s Re­cep­tions of the Pres­i­dent of Uzbek­istan, which, ac­cord­ing to cit­i­zens, have be­come a na­tion­wide in­sti­tu­tion for a rel­a­tively short pe­riod that pro­tects the in­ter­ests of or­di­nary cit­i­zens and strengthen the rule of law.

In case of vi­o­la­tion of rights and le­git­i­mate in­ter­ests, 59.4% of cit­i­zens turn for help to cit­i­zens’ assem­blies (ma­hal­las) at their place of res­i­dence.

The study re­vealed that res­i­dents of the repub­lic know the text of the Ba­sic Law of the state quite well: the ma­jor­ity (66.4%) read the Con­sti­tu­tion of the Repub­lic of Uzbek­istan. Those sur­veyed who re­sponded that they are well aware of the con­tent of the Ba­sic Law are dom­i­nated by those with higher ed­u­ca­tion, mil­i­tary per­son­nel, law en­force­ment of­fi­cers and stu­dents. At the same time, it was re­vealed that 31.6% of re­spon­dents are not suf­fi­ciently fa­mil­iar with the text of the coun­try's Con­sti­tu­tion.

Cit­i­zens ex­pressed the opin­ion that the con­sti­tu­tional leg­is­la­tion as a whole is not static and can­not be rec­og­nized as un­changed. Like the en­tire le­gal re­al­ity, the le­gal base is con­stantly in dy­nam­ics, un­der­go­ing changes in the course of the de­vel­op­ment of so­ci­ety, un­der­goes im­prove­ment, new in­sti­tu­tions ap­pear in its struc­ture, re­flect­ing the de­vel­op­ment of po­lit­i­cal, eco­nomic and so­cial re­la­tions. Cit­i­zens be­lieve that pos­si­ble changes and ad­di­tions to the ex­ist­ing con­sti­tu­tional sys­tem al­low us to im­prove and op­ti­mize the Con­sti­tu­tion, tak­ing into ac­count mod­ern re­quire­ments and in­ter­na­tional stan­dards in jus­tice.

The study showed that the num­ber of cit­i­zens in the coun­try is grow­ing; try­ing to live by the law, solve prob­lems that arise, with­out vi­o­lat­ing the cur­rent leg­is­la­tion. In the opin­ion of cit­i­zens, to fur­ther in­crease the im­por­tance of re­spect­ing the rule of law in so­ci­ety, it is nec­es­sary to form a le­gal cul­ture, cre­ate an at­mos­phere of in­tol­er­ance to any man­i­fes­ta­tions of vi­o­la­tions of the law, hu­man rights and free­doms, in­crease ac­cess of the pop­u­la­tion and civil so­ci­ety in­sti­tu­tions to in­for­ma­tion re­lated to de­ci­sions af­fect­ing in­ter­ests of cit­i­zens, the adop­tion of new laws, changes in leg­is­la­tion.

Ac­cord­ing to re­spon­dents, on the one hand, in order to fur­ther im­prove the le­gal cul­ture of the pop­u­la­tion, peo­ple’s de­sire to live and solve prob­lems aris­ing, it is nec­es­sary to ed­u­cate cit­i­zens on le­gal is­sues, on the other hand, to strictly mon­i­tor the im­ple­men­ta­tion of laws and pun­ish them for vi­o­la­tion. Cit­i­zens as­sign a large role to ed­u­ca­tional work, con­sid­er­ing it to be a more ef­fec­tive means than penal­ties. Ac­cord­ing to sur­vey par­tic­i­pants, it is nec­es­sary to strengthen le­gal ed­u­ca­tion in ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tu­tions, in­clud­ing preschool ones, in or­ga­ni­za­tions and the me­dia.

Ac­cord­ing to ev­ery sec­ond re­spon­dent, pos­i­tive changes are ob­served in the char­ac­ter, style and form of work of law en­force­ment agen­cies and hu­man rights or­ga­ni­za­tions. At the same time, re­spon­dents in most re­gions, re­gard­less of ma­te­rial, so­cial and age char­ac­ter­is­tics, note that they feel the ef­fec­tive­ness of the on­go­ing re­forms in this area, which sig­nif­i­cantly af­fects the pro­vi­sion of so­cial jus­tice in so­ci­ety, the pro­tec­tion of the rights and free­doms of cit­i­zens.

In gen­eral, the re­sults of the sur­vey showed that cit­i­zens of the coun­try sup­port the pro­gram of the Strat­egy of Ac­tion, which has a pos­i­tive im­pact on the ac­tiv­i­ties of the ju­di­cial and le­gal sys­tem, con­trib­utes to the im­prove­ment of pro­fes­sion­al­ism of em­ploy­ees in this sphere, pro­motes the growth of cit­i­zens' con­fi­dence in the ju­di­cial and le­gal sphere and is aimed at fur­ther de­moc­ra­ti­za­tion and lib­er­al­iza­tion of state power and gov­er­nance, en­sur­ing the rule of law.

The sur­vey re­sults show that in 20162018, Uzbek pub­lic opin­ion changes the at­ti­tude to­wards the law en­force­ment sys­tem. As­sess­ing their work, cit­i­zens of the coun­try note that it is mov­ing to a new level in terms of the style and na­ture of the ac­tiv­ity, the pro­fes­sion­al­ism of em­ploy­ees, the ful­fill­ment of their pro­fes­sional duty, and the pro­tec­tion of the honor and dig­nity of cit­i­zens.

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