City of a thou­sand years

Outlook - - INTERVIEW -

Haø Noäi is the coun­try’s big­gest city in area (more than 3,300sq.km) and pop­u­la­tion (7 mil­lion). Ly­ing in the pop­u­lous and rich Soâng Hoàng (Red River) Delta, Haø Noäi has been the po­lit­i­cal and cul­tural cen­tre for cen­turies. In 1010, Lyù Coâng Uaån, the first king of the Lyù dy­nasty (1009-1225), de­cided to re­lo­cate the im­pe­rial cap­i­tal from Hoa Lö to Thaêng Long (Haø Noäi). Dur­ing the Lyù, Traàn (1225-1400), Leâ (1428-1788) and Maïc (1527-92) dy­nas­ties, Thaêng Long cap­i­tal (as Haø Noäi was called then) was the po­lit­i­cal, cul­tural, ed­u­ca­tional and trade cen­tre of the north. Dur­ing the Taây Sôn (1778-1802) and Nguyeãn (1802-1945) dy­nas­ties, the royal cap­i­tal was re­lo­cated to Hueá and from 1831 Thaêng Long started to be named Haø Noäi, un­der the reign of Minh Maïng (1820-41). It was con­quered by the French by the end of the 19th cen­tury. In 1902, Haø Noäi be­came the cap­i­tal of French In­dochina and was re­built and re­struc­tured by the French. Haø Noäi be­came the ad­min­is­tra­tive cen­tre of north Vieät Nam of the Demo­cratic Repub­lic of Vieät Nam fol­low­ing the suc­cess­ful Au­gust 1945 rev­o­lu­tion and then, af­ter the anti-Amer­i­can War, of re­united Vieät Nam in 1976. Af­ter the ex­pan­sion of ad­min­is­tra­tive bor­ders in Au­gust 2008, Haø dis­tricts, one town and 18 sub­urbs. Haø Noäi is a ma­jor so­cio-eco­nomic cen­tre of Vieät Nam. As a cul­tural and ed­u­ca­tional cen­tre, Haø Noäi has many theatres, mu­se­ums, tra­di­tional trade vil­lages, com­mu­ni­ca­tion agen­cies and pres­ti­gious uni­ver­si­ties.

Noäi now con­sists of 10

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