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Death of John Calvin, French-born Swiss the­olo­gian. A leader of the Protes­tant ref­or­ma­tion in Geneva, he wrote the , a man­ual of Protes­tant the­ol­ogy. Tsar Peter the Great es­tab­lishes St Peters­burg as Rus­sia’s new cap­i­tal. Death of Ger­man bac­te­ri­ol­o­gist Robert Koch. The tech­niques he pi­o­neered en­abled him to iden­tify the bac­te­ria re­spon­si­ble for an­thrax, tu­ber­cu­lo­sis and cholera. He won the No­bel Prize for Medicine in 1905. In the United States, Richard Gur­ley Drew ob­tains a patent for ad­he­sive tape – later to be known as cel­lo­phane. Viet­namese work­ers hold a National Congress where they es­tab­lish the Vieät Nam Con­fed­er­a­tion of Labour and join the World Fed­er­a­tion of Trade Unions. Death of Jawa­har­lan Nehru (born 1889), prime min­is­ter of In­dia when the coun­try be­came in­de­pen­dent in 1947. He was a founder of the Non-Aligned Move­ment. Ukraine and a con­sor­tium of Western firms sign a me­moran­dum to plan the clo­sure by 2000 of the Ch­er­nobyl nu­clear power sta­tion and to re­place it with a ther­mal plant. Amer­i­can climber Tom Whit­taker be­comes the first dis­abled per­son to scale Mount Ever­est. The UN war crimes tri­bunal in The Hague, the Nether­lands, an­nounces the in­dict­ment of Yu­goslav Pres­i­dent Slo­bo­dan Milo­se­vic and four of his aides for war crimes in Kosovo. It was the first time a sit­ting head of state was in­dicted for war crimes. North­ern Ire­land’s ma­jor Protes­tant party nar­rowly votes to re­vive a pow­er­shar­ing govern­ment with Catholics, the key goal of the prov­ince’s 1998 peace agree­ment. Oc­cu­pants of Kariwa, a Ja­panese vil­lage, home to the world’s largest nu­clear power plant, vote against a pro­posal to use re­cy­cled plu­to­nium at the fa­cil­ity. The referendum was the first-ever on one of Ja­pan’s most con­tentious en­ergy poli­cies. A sus­pected sui­cide bomber strikes at a Mus­lim shrine close to the res­i­dence of Pak­istan’s prime min­is­ter and the diplo­matic en­clave in Is­lam­abad, leav­ing at least 20 mostly Shi­ite wor­ship­pers dead and scores wounded. — AP/REUTERS

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