National Assem­bly deputies mull raft of changes to the Con­sti­tu­tion

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— To change or not to change the coun­try’s name was among the top­ics dis­cussed by National Assem­bly deputies dur­ing a work­ing ses­sion on the draft amend­ments to the 1992 Con­sti­tu­tion in Haø Noäi yes­ter­day.

Most deputies wanted to keep the name of So­cial­ist Repub­lic of Vieät Nam in­stead of chang­ing it back to Demo­cratic Repub­lic of Vieät Nam.

Deputy Ñoã Baù Tî from the north­ern prov­ince of Ñieän Bieân said that the cur­rent name was syn­ony­mous with the na­tion’s suc­cess in national demo­cratic rev­o­lu­tion and in­de­pen­dence, re­flect­ing the de­ter­mi­na­tion of the Party, the coun­try and the peo­ple to build a so­cial­ist repub­lic state.

Not­ing that the name was of­fi­cially en­shrined in the 1980 Con­sti­tu­tion and the 1992 Con­sti­tu­tion, Tî said: “Chang­ing the coun­try’s name could cause neg­a­tive con­se­quences, and it may be dis­torted that we are giv­ing up our de­ter­mi­na­tion to build a so­cial­ist repub­lic state.”

“The change may also cause dif­fi­cul­ties to ad­min­is­tra­tive pro­ce­dures.”

Agree­ing with his col­league, Döông Vaên Thaéng from the north­ern prov­ince of Yeân Baùi said that the change could cause dis­tur­bances in po­lit­i­cal, so­cial and eco­nomic life.

Con­sti­tu­tional Coun­cil

The idea on the es­tab­lish­ment of a Con­sti­tu­tional Coun­cil, which is ex­pected to pro­tect the Con­sti­tu­tion, drew dif­fer­ent opin­ions.

Deputy Phaïm Ñình Quyeàn from Haø Noäi said that since national power be­longed to the peo­ple, the new mech­a­nism was un­nec­es­sary.

“ The tasks sup­posed to be given to the coun­cil are what the National Assem­bly ’ s Stand­ing Com­mit­tee and other National Assem­bly com­mit­tees are tak­ing charge of,” he said. “The com­mit­tees sim­ply need to im­prove.”

Shar­ing the same opin­ion, Traàn Ngoïc Vinh from Ha i Phoøng ex­pressed his con­cerns that a Con­sti­tu­tional Coun­cil may over­lap with State agen­cies and National Assem­bly com­mit­tees.

In con­trast, Chu Sôn Haø from Haø Noäi agreed on the idea, but urged for de­tailed reg­u­la­tions on the coun­cil’s re­spon­si­bil­i­ties and power.

“With only the right to give rec­om­men­da­tions, the mech­a­nism can­not take its full ef­fect,” he said.

Land o ner­shi

Most of the deputies agreed that the land own­er­ship be­longed to the peo­ple but asked for clearer and more trans­par­ent land man- age­ment, es­pe­cially in re­trieval and site clear­ance.

Ñaø Na ng deputy Thaân Ñöùc Nam asked for more de­tailed reg­u­la­tions in the draft amended Con­sti­tu­tion re­gard­ing land own­er­ship.

“Land dis­putes at the mo­ment are mostly from in­ap­pro­pri­ate land re­trieval and com­pen­sa­tion for site clear­ance.”

“The Con­sti­tu­tion must state clearly that com­pen­sa­tion for site clear­ance for projects must be the same, no mat­ter whether the projects are for pub­lic use, national se­cu­rity and de­fence, or eco­nomic pur­poses,” said deputy Nguyeãn Thò Quyeát Taâm from HCM City. “With­out this, com­plaints and de­nun­ci­a­tions re­lated to land will con­tinue.”

Deputy Nguyeãn Vaên Phuùc from Haø Tónh Prov­ince said that land re­trieval and com­pen­sa­tion must be based on land own­er­ship.

Sim li ica­tions

Deputies also briefed the com­pil­ing board for amend­ments to the 1992 Con­sti­tu­tion on vot­ers ’ opin­ions to make the Con­sti­tu­tion a long stand­ing, sta­ble and un­der­stand­able doc­u­ment.

“I’ve met with vot­ers in my prov­ince, and they all agreed with the draft Con­sti­tu­tion,” said Traàn Vaên Tuùy from the north­ern prov­ince of Baéc Ninh. “How­ever, some said that the draft Con­sti­tu­tion was too long with com­pli­cated words and no­tions.

“The Con­sti­tu­tion should be clear and con­cise so ev­ery­one can un­der­stand it. It should not be un­clear or too aca­demic.”

The re­sults of the yes­ter­day’s dis­cus­sions will be col­lected for a ple­nary ses­sion to dis­cuss, which will be broad­cast live next week. —

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