Deputy PM speaks to on cli­mate

Viet Nam News - - NATIONAL -

— Vieät Nam would stand to­gether with the world in fight­ing cli­mate change, Deputy Prime Min­is­ter and For­eign Min­is­ter Phaïm Bình Minh pledged at the United Na­tions Cli­mate Change Sum­mit on Tues­day.

“ Un­for­tu­nately, in­ter­na­tional ef­forts have not brought about ex­pected re­sults,” he said. “Peo­ple’s lives, prop­erty and liveli­hoods will be se­ri­ously af­fected, not only in poor and vul­ner­a­ble coun­tries but also in rich ones.”

Minh pointed out that if sea lev­els rose by just one me­tre, 40 per­cent of the Mekong Delta the big­gest rice pro­duc­tion area in Vieät Nam-would be in­un­dated.

Strong com­mit­ment

”We need to show our po­lit­i­cal will and agree­ment to make our com­mit­ments stronger, in­her­it­ing the re­sults of in­ter­na­tional cli­mate change ne­go­ti­a­tions in or­der to es­tab­lish a new global legally bind­ing frame­work to achieve the goal of lim­it­ing the world to a less than two de­gree Cel­sius rise in global tem­per­a­ture,” Minh said.

He called on de­vel­oped coun­tries to in­crease com­mit­ments and ac­tions to mit­i­gate green­house gas emis­sions un­der the sec­ond com­mit­ment pe­riod of the Ky­oto Pro­to­col, in ad­di­tion to pro­vid­ing fi­nance and tech­nol­ogy for de­vel­op­ing coun­tries to mit­i­gate and adapt to cli­mate change. Fi­nances es­pe­cially would play a cru­cial role, he said.

Vieät Nam aims to re­duce green­house gas emis­sions by 8-10 per­cent com­pared to 2010 and cut en­ergy con­sump­tion by 1-1.5 per­cent per year.

In re­lated news, Vieät Nam will re­lo­cate about 91,000 house­holds from flooded ar­eas in the Mekong River Delta by 2015, a meet­ing in the cap­i­tal was told yes­ter­day.

The meet­ing, or­gan­ised by the UN De­vel­op­ment Pro­gramme and Vieät Nam’s Min­istry of Agri­cul­ture, con­cluded that more ef­fort was needed to pro­tect mi­grants from cli­mate-change and re­duce the poverty plagu­ing re­set­tled house­holds.

It ex­am­ined the causes of house­hold in­sta­bil­ity felt after re­lo­ca­tion and re­set­tle­ment, an ac­tiv­ity that has be­come far more common as the weather de­te­ri­o­rates.

Many have vol­un­tar­ily mi­grated away from dis­as­ter- prone ar­eas, but the Gov­ern­ment also has to re­lo­cate many fam­i­lies. Homes in north­ern moun­tain­ous re­gions are at risk of flash floods, mud­flows and land­slides, while those in the Red River Delta suf­fer from river­bank and coastal ero­sion.

Bakhodir Burkhanov, deputy coun­try di­rec­tor of UNDP Vieät Nam, said that mi­gra­tion and re­set­tle­ment are seen as vi­tal cop­ing and adap­ta­tion strate­gies.

“In Vieät Nam and else­where, cli­mate-re­lated mi­gra­tion is hap­pen­ing to­day,” he said.

Ex­perts ar­gue that coun­tries re­lo­cat­ing pop­u­la­tions were of­ten left with­out the support needed to re­build so­cial support net­works and eco­nomic liveli­hoods.

Nguyeãn Vaên Haûi, a rep­re­sen­ta­tive from the Depart­ment of Co­op­er­a­tives and Ru­ral De­vel­op­ment un­der the agri­cul­ture min­istry, said many lo­cal­i­ties were slow in re­lo­cat­ing res­i­dents out of dis­as­ter-prone ar­eas. How­ever, lack of land and fa­cil­i­ties to meet ba­sic needs in re­set­tle­ment ar­eas posed chal­lenges.

Haûi said lack of fund­ing was a huge prob­lem for poorer prov­inces. On av­er­age, each prov­ince re­ceived some­where from VNÑ4-6 bil­lion (US$188,700- $377,400) in 2014 from the cen­tral and provin­cial bud­get to re­set­tle res­i­dents out of dis­as­ter-prone ar­eas, not much for ar­eas with less in­fra­struc­ture.

Ac­cord­ing to anal­y­sis, many of the re­set­tle­ment pro­grams in Vieät Nam lack plan­ning, trans­parency, fi­nan­cial ac­count­abil­ity and com­mu­nity par­tic­i­pa­tion.

It called on Vieät Nam to en­hance the ef­fec­tive­ness of re­set­tle­ment ini­tia­tives as well as in­crease cli­mat­e­change re­silience of Vieät Nam’s com­mu­ni­ties. —

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Viet Nam

© PressReader. All rights reserved.