Agri­cul­tural by-prod­ucts im­prove farm­ing in­come

Viet Nam News - - FEATURES -

HCM CITY — The use of agri­cul­tural by-prod­ucts for feed­ing live­stock and as sub­strate for other crops has helped farm­ers around the coun­try earn ex­tra in­comes while also pro­tect­ing the en­vi­ron­ment.

The by-prod­ucts in­clude rice straw and stub­ble, rice bran, corn and ba­nana stems, and an­i­mal and poul­try waste.

In the Mekong Delta city of Caàn Thô, many farm­ers use byprod­ucts to feed an­i­mals or plant straw mush­room and other crops.

Nguyeãn Vaên Tröôøng, a farmer in Caàn Thô’s Bình Thuûy District, said many rice farm­ers there earn a few mil­lion ñoàng by us­ing straw to grow mush­rooms af­ter each crop.

Farm­ers who do not grow mush­room sell their straw to oth­ers.

In the Taây Nguyeân (Cen­tral High­lands) prov­ince of Ñaék Laék, farm­ers feed their an­i­mals and poul­try crop by-prod­ucts.

Phaïm Baïo of Ñaék Laék’s Ea Suùp District uses straw, rice bran and other by-prod­ucts to feed his 130 oxen and cows.

“Thanks to the agri­cul­tural byprod­ucts, my fam­ily can save a lot of money on an­i­mal feed,” he said.

Not throw­ing away crop byprod­ucts like farm­ers did in the past and us­ing them for other pur­poses is also help­ing pro­tect the en­vi­ron­ment by re­duc­ing waste and the use of in­or­ganic sub­stances.

But their use in this man­ner is still mod­est con­sid­er­ing the quan­tity avail­able on a reg­u­lar ba­sis, ac­cord­ing to ex­perts.

The by-prod­ucts are mostly used raw and not pro­cessed, which en­ables their stor­age for later use.

In some places, farm­ers still have the habit of burn­ing rice straw and stub­ble af­ter har­vest­ing rice since they have no use for them and can­not find buy­ers.

An Giang Prov­ince, one of the delta’s largest rice grow­ers, pro­duces around two mil­lion tonnes of straw and stub­ble ev­ery year be­sides 800,000 tonnes of rice husk, ac­cord­ing to its Depart­ment of Agri­cul­ture and Ru­ral De­vel­op­ment.

Speak­ing at a meet­ing on Wed­nes­day, Voõ Thò Thanh Vaân, deputy di­rec­tor of the depart­ment, said the by-prod­ucts are used for mak­ing an­i­mal feed, grow­ing straw mush­room, pro­duc­ing bio­gas, and mak­ing fire­wood.

The prov­ince Peo­ple’s Com­mit­tee has in­structed rel­e­vant agen­cies to de­velop pro­grammes and mod­els for us­ing by-prod­ucts to in­crease farm­ers’ in­comes, pro­tect the en­vi­ron­ment and make agri­cul­ture sus­tain­able.

It plans to use 50 per cent of rice husk for pro­duc­ing elec­tric­ity or mak­ing fire­wood by 2030.

Now 20 per cent is used to gen­er­ate elec­tric­ity or make fire­wood while the rest is thrown away or burnt.

Haø Thuùy Haïnh, deputy di­rec­tor of the Na­tional Agri­cul­ture Ex­ten­sion Cen­tre, said the coun­try has 5.65 mil­lion oxen and cows, 2.49 mil­lion buf­faloes and four mil­lion goats and sheep.

If agri­cul­tural by-prod­ucts are used ef­fi­ciently, the coun­try can in­crease these low num­bers and re­duce the im­port of an­i­mal feed, she said.

De­mand for an­i­mal feed topped nine mil­lion tonnes in the fist six months of the year, ac­cord­ing to the cen­tre. — VNS

A farmer feeds his goats young soy­bean peel, an agri­cul­tural by-prod­uct, in An Giang Prov­ince’s Chaâu Thaønh District. — VNA/VNS Photo Coâng Maïo

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