PM calls for joint efforts on global peace, growth
PM Phuùc, on behalf of the Government and people of Vieät Nam, expressed his sincere thanks to the General Assembly for the minute of silence in memory of Vietnamese President Traàn Ñaïi Quang, who recently passed away.
HAØ NOÄI — Prime Minister Nguyeãn Xuaân Phuùc addressed the High-level General Debate of the 73rd Session of the UN General Assembly, calling on countries to continue highlighting the role of the United Nations and join hands for a world of peace, equality and sustainable development.
At the general debate in New York City, the US, on the afternoon of September 27 (local time), PM Phuùc, on behalf of the Government and people of Vieät Nam, expressed his sincere thanks to the General Assembly for the minute of silence in memory of Vietnamese President Traàn Ñaïi Quang, who recently passed away.
Taking place from September 25 to October 1, the event is themed “Making the United Nations Relevant to All People: Global Leadership and Shared Responsibilities for Peaceful, Equitable and Sustainable Societies.” It attracted leaders from more than 100 countries.
In his speech, the PM suggested that a concept of “dual responsibility” be universally upheld. Each nation shall take additional responsibility for addressing global issues, and each individual shall take additional responsibility as a global citizen. Against this backdrop, the role of the UN has become all the more important in the creation of new foundations to more effectively address global challenges.
He said, “The UN has truly become a symbol of global solidarity, the embodiment of humanity and progress, and where our aspirations to strive for a world of peace, prosperity and equality, are realised.”
“Vieät Nam strongly supports the central role of the UN in the multilateral international system, and has actively joined efforts to realise the fundamental cooperation pillars of the United Nations: the maintenance of global peace and security, development cooperation, and the protection and promotion of human rights,” he added. The Government leader noted that once a poor, underdeveloped and food-insecure country, Vieät Nam had recorded average annual GDP growth of over 6 percent over the last 20 years to become among the world’s largest food exporters. Since 2010, it had become a middle-income developing country.
“Viet Nam enjoys free trading relations with nearly 60 major countries and partners in the world as a result of its membership in16 Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), some of which are in the final stage of negotiations,” he said.
It successfully hosted the 2017 APEC Year, the 132nd Inter-Parliamentary Union Assembly, the 2018 World Economic Forum on ASEAN, and the 6th Greater Mekong Sub-region Cooperation Summit. It is working towards the 2025 Vision for the ASEAN Community, which aims to strengthen ASEAN centrality in the evolving regional architecture.
Vietnam is one of the few countries that has accomplished the UN’s Millennium Development Goals 2015 ahead of schedule, particularly on poverty reduction, according to the Prime Minister.
PM Phuùc also affirmed: “It is our consistent policy to uphold the UN Charter and the fundamental principles of international law in the settlement of international disputes through peaceful means, including in the South China Sea, which should be addressed on the basis of the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and the safeguarding of maritime security and safety and freedom of navigation and over-flight.”
The PM mentioned new opportunities for unprecedented economic growth in the context of the scientific and technological breakthroughs as well as globalisation, while stressing that the world is facing new and immense obstacles.
“Power politics, the use or threat of force and the rise of unilateral measures still threaten global peace and stability, while injustice, inequality, climate change, pollution and poverty persist,” he said.
“No single nation can singlehandedly address the enormous global challenges,” he said, stressing that joint efforts and the collaboration of all nations are needed.
The international community should uphold “dual responsibility” in which each nation and individual should take additional responsibility for addressing global issues.
Laying stress on the important role of the United Nations in the creation of new foundations to address global challenges in an effective manner, PM Phuùc said that countries worldwide must join hands for a world of peace, equality and sustainable development.
He expressed his hope that major powers and developed countries will take meaningful actions, and play an exemplary role in maintaining peace and fostering development. “The United Nations General Assembly should be the heart of cooperation among countries and peoples for peace, equality and sustainable development”, he said.
He also called for the lifting of the unilateral embargo on Cuba so that it may equitably and fairly participate in economic and trading relations.
In that spirit, PM Phuùc said that the UN should engage in strong and comprehensive reforms towards improving its effectiveness, democracy and transparency to better fulfill its indispensable role in leading efforts to address global challenges.
Also, he suggested the UN strengthen cooperation with regions, particularly the UN-ASEAN High-level Cooperation mechanism, highlighting the UN more within ASEAN, and ASEAN more within the UN.
As Vieät Nam has submitted its candidacy for non-permanent membership of the UN Security Council for the 2020-2021 term, he thanked the 53 countries of the Asia-Pacific for endorsing Vietnam as the sole candidate of the region. On behalf of the Vietnamese Government and people, he wished to receive support of all member states.
“Vieät Nam commits to being an active and responsible member of the international community and the United Nations”, he said.
High level meetings
On the occassion, Prime Minister Nguyeãn Xuaân Phuùc also had separate meetings with President of the UN General Assembly Maria Fernanda Espinosa Garces and UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres as part of his activities during the 73rd Session of the UN General Assembly in New York.
Meeting with Maria Fernanda Espinosa Garces, PM Phuùc affirmed that Vieät Nam attached importance to relations with the UN, and supported the central role played by the UN.
He suggested the UN prioritise promoting preventive diplomacy, and support the settlement of disputes in the East Sea through peaceful measures based on international law. He stressed Vieät Nam would contribute to the common efforts of the UN, and responsibly participate in UN initiatives on development and peace maintenance.
While meeting with Antonio Guterres, PM Nguyeãn Xuaân Phuùc lauded the efforts of the Secretary General in reshuffling the UN, especially the UN development system, which aims to better support member countries in implementing the Agenda on Sustainable Development to 2030.
He expressed his hope that the UN would continue supporting Vieät Nam in implementing sustainable development goals (SDGs) and the Paris agreement on climate change.
Guterres thanked Vieät Nam for its contributions to performing the UN’s work as well as initiatives to reform the forum’s operation, saying that he hoped Vietnam would continue to lead in achieving SDGs.
He also expressed his admiration for Vieät Nam’s recent socioeconomic achievements, affirming that the UN would continue to support Vieät Nam on its way to realising SDGs.
The UN Secretary General voiced concern about East Searelated issues, while asserting the UN’s consistent policy of supporting the settlement of disputes peacefully and in line with international law.
Prime Minister Nguyeãn Xuaân Phuùc held meetings with leaders of Cuba, Bulgaria, Croatia, Fiji and Saint Lucia in New York, during which he briefed them on Vieät Nam’s development achievements and its foreign policies.
He asked the countries to support Vieät Nam’s candidacy for nonpermanent membership of the UN Security Council for the 2020-21 tenure, and affirmed the country’s strong commitment to contributing more to maintaining international peace and security.
The leaders appreciated Vieät Nam’s increasingly important role in the region and the world. They expressed their belief that Vieät Nam would perform well as a nonpermanent member of the UN Security Council, while pledging to maintain close co-ordination with the country within the framework of the UN and other international organisations. — VNS