PM calls for joint ef­forts on global peace, growth

Viet Nam News - - NATIONAL -

PM Phuùc, on be­half of the Gov­ern­ment and peo­ple of Vieät Nam, ex­pressed his sin­cere thanks to the Gen­eral Assem­bly for the minute of si­lence in mem­ory of Viet­namese Pres­i­dent Traàn Ñaïi Quang, who re­cently passed away.

HAØ NOÄI — Prime Min­is­ter Nguyeãn Xuaân Phuùc ad­dressed the High-level Gen­eral De­bate of the 73rd Ses­sion of the UN Gen­eral Assem­bly, call­ing on coun­tries to con­tinue high­light­ing the role of the United Na­tions and join hands for a world of peace, equal­ity and sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment.

At the gen­eral de­bate in New York City, the US, on the af­ter­noon of Septem­ber 27 (lo­cal time), PM Phuùc, on be­half of the Gov­ern­ment and peo­ple of Vieät Nam, ex­pressed his sin­cere thanks to the Gen­eral Assem­bly for the minute of si­lence in mem­ory of Viet­namese Pres­i­dent Traàn Ñaïi Quang, who re­cently passed away.

Tak­ing place from Septem­ber 25 to Oc­to­ber 1, the event is themed “Mak­ing the United Na­tions Rel­e­vant to All Peo­ple: Global Lead­er­ship and Shared Re­spon­si­bil­i­ties for Peace­ful, Eq­ui­table and Sus­tain­able So­ci­eties.” It at­tracted lead­ers from more than 100 coun­tries.

In his speech, the PM sug­gested that a con­cept of “dual re­spon­si­bil­ity” be uni­ver­sally up­held. Each na­tion shall take ad­di­tional re­spon­si­bil­ity for ad­dress­ing global is­sues, and each in­di­vid­ual shall take ad­di­tional re­spon­si­bil­ity as a global ci­ti­zen. Against this back­drop, the role of the UN has be­come all the more im­por­tant in the cre­ation of new foun­da­tions to more ef­fec­tively ad­dress global chal­lenges.

He said, “The UN has truly be­come a sym­bol of global sol­i­dar­ity, the em­bod­i­ment of hu­man­ity and progress, and where our as­pi­ra­tions to strive for a world of peace, pros­per­ity and equal­ity, are re­alised.”

“Vieät Nam strongly sup­ports the cen­tral role of the UN in the mul­ti­lat­eral in­ter­na­tional sys­tem, and has ac­tively joined ef­forts to re­alise the fun­da­men­tal co­op­er­a­tion pil­lars of the United Na­tions: the main­te­nance of global peace and se­cu­rity, de­vel­op­ment co­op­er­a­tion, and the pro­tec­tion and pro­mo­tion of hu­man rights,” he added. The Gov­ern­ment leader noted that once a poor, un­der­de­vel­oped and food-inse­cure coun­try, Vieät Nam had recorded av­er­age an­nual GDP growth of over 6 per­cent over the last 20 years to be­come among the world’s largest food ex­porters. Since 2010, it had be­come a mid­dle-in­come de­vel­op­ing coun­try.

“Viet Nam en­joys free trad­ing re­la­tions with nearly 60 ma­jor coun­tries and part­ners in the world as a re­sult of its mem­ber­ship in16 Free Trade Agree­ments (FTAs), some of which are in the fi­nal stage of ne­go­ti­a­tions,” he said.

It suc­cess­fully hosted the 2017 APEC Year, the 132nd In­ter-Par­lia­men­tary Union Assem­bly, the 2018 World Eco­nomic Fo­rum on ASEAN, and the 6th Greater Mekong Sub-re­gion Co­op­er­a­tion Sum­mit. It is work­ing to­wards the 2025 Vi­sion for the ASEAN Com­mu­nity, which aims to strengthen ASEAN cen­tral­ity in the evolv­ing re­gional ar­chi­tec­ture.

Viet­nam is one of the few coun­tries that has ac­com­plished the UN’s Mil­len­nium De­vel­op­ment Goals 2015 ahead of sched­ule, par­tic­u­larly on poverty re­duc­tion, ac­cord­ing to the Prime Min­is­ter.

PM Phuùc also af­firmed: “It is our con­sis­tent pol­icy to up­hold the UN Char­ter and the fun­da­men­tal prin­ci­ples of in­ter­na­tional law in the set­tle­ment of in­ter­na­tional dis­putes through peace­ful means, in­clud­ing in the South China Sea, which should be ad­dressed on the ba­sis of the 1982 UN Con­ven­tion on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and the safe­guard­ing of mar­itime se­cu­rity and safety and free­dom of nav­i­ga­tion and over-flight.”

The PM men­tioned new op­por­tu­ni­ties for un­prece­dented eco­nomic growth in the con­text of the sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal break­throughs as well as glob­al­i­sa­tion, while stress­ing that the world is fac­ing new and im­mense ob­sta­cles.

“Power pol­i­tics, the use or threat of force and the rise of uni­lat­eral mea­sures still threaten global peace and sta­bil­ity, while in­jus­tice, in­equal­ity, cli­mate change, pol­lu­tion and poverty per­sist,” he said.

“No sin­gle na­tion can sin­gle­hand­edly ad­dress the enor­mous global chal­lenges,” he said, stress­ing that joint ef­forts and the col­lab­o­ra­tion of all na­tions are needed.

The in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity should up­hold “dual re­spon­si­bil­ity” in which each na­tion and in­di­vid­ual should take ad­di­tional re­spon­si­bil­ity for ad­dress­ing global is­sues.

Lay­ing stress on the im­por­tant role of the United Na­tions in the cre­ation of new foun­da­tions to ad­dress global chal­lenges in an ef­fec­tive man­ner, PM Phuùc said that coun­tries world­wide must join hands for a world of peace, equal­ity and sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment.

He ex­pressed his hope that ma­jor pow­ers and de­vel­oped coun­tries will take mean­ing­ful ac­tions, and play an ex­em­plary role in main­tain­ing peace and fos­ter­ing de­vel­op­ment. “The United Na­tions Gen­eral Assem­bly should be the heart of co­op­er­a­tion among coun­tries and peo­ples for peace, equal­ity and sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment”, he said.

He also called for the lift­ing of the uni­lat­eral em­bargo on Cuba so that it may eq­ui­tably and fairly par­tic­i­pate in eco­nomic and trad­ing re­la­tions.

In that spirit, PM Phuùc said that the UN should en­gage in strong and com­pre­hen­sive re­forms to­wards im­prov­ing its ef­fec­tive­ness, democ­racy and trans­parency to bet­ter ful­fill its in­dis­pens­able role in lead­ing ef­forts to ad­dress global chal­lenges.

Also, he sug­gested the UN strengthen co­op­er­a­tion with re­gions, par­tic­u­larly the UN-ASEAN High-level Co­op­er­a­tion mech­a­nism, high­light­ing the UN more within ASEAN, and ASEAN more within the UN.

As Vieät Nam has sub­mit­ted its can­di­dacy for non-per­ma­nent mem­ber­ship of the UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil for the 2020-2021 term, he thanked the 53 coun­tries of the Asia-Pa­cific for en­dors­ing Viet­nam as the sole can­di­date of the re­gion. On be­half of the Viet­namese Gov­ern­ment and peo­ple, he wished to re­ceive sup­port of all mem­ber states.

“Vieät Nam com­mits to be­ing an ac­tive and re­spon­si­ble mem­ber of the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity and the United Na­tions”, he said.

High level meet­ings

On the oc­cas­sion, Prime Min­is­ter Nguyeãn Xuaân Phuùc also had sep­a­rate meet­ings with Pres­i­dent of the UN Gen­eral Assem­bly Maria Fer­nanda Espinosa Garces and UN Sec­re­tary Gen­eral An­to­nio Guter­res as part of his ac­tiv­i­ties dur­ing the 73rd Ses­sion of the UN Gen­eral Assem­bly in New York.

Meet­ing with Maria Fer­nanda Espinosa Garces, PM Phuùc af­firmed that Vieät Nam at­tached im­por­tance to re­la­tions with the UN, and sup­ported the cen­tral role played by the UN.

He sug­gested the UN pri­ori­tise pro­mot­ing pre­ven­tive diplo­macy, and sup­port the set­tle­ment of dis­putes in the East Sea through peace­ful mea­sures based on in­ter­na­tional law. He stressed Vieät Nam would con­tribute to the com­mon ef­forts of the UN, and re­spon­si­bly par­tic­i­pate in UN ini­tia­tives on de­vel­op­ment and peace main­te­nance.

While meet­ing with An­to­nio Guter­res, PM Nguyeãn Xuaân Phuùc lauded the ef­forts of the Sec­re­tary Gen­eral in reshuf­fling the UN, es­pe­cially the UN de­vel­op­ment sys­tem, which aims to bet­ter sup­port mem­ber coun­tries in im­ple­ment­ing the Agenda on Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment to 2030.

He ex­pressed his hope that the UN would con­tinue sup­port­ing Vieät Nam in im­ple­ment­ing sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment goals (SDGs) and the Paris agree­ment on cli­mate change.

Guter­res thanked Vieät Nam for its con­tri­bu­tions to per­form­ing the UN’s work as well as ini­tia­tives to re­form the fo­rum’s op­er­a­tion, say­ing that he hoped Viet­nam would con­tinue to lead in achiev­ing SDGs.

He also ex­pressed his ad­mi­ra­tion for Vieät Nam’s re­cent so­cioe­co­nomic achieve­ments, af­firm­ing that the UN would con­tinue to sup­port Vieät Nam on its way to real­is­ing SDGs.

The UN Sec­re­tary Gen­eral voiced con­cern about East Seare­lated is­sues, while as­sert­ing the UN’s con­sis­tent pol­icy of sup­port­ing the set­tle­ment of dis­putes peace­fully and in line with in­ter­na­tional law.

Prime Min­is­ter Nguyeãn Xuaân Phuùc held meet­ings with lead­ers of Cuba, Bul­garia, Croa­tia, Fiji and Saint Lu­cia in New York, dur­ing which he briefed them on Vieät Nam’s de­vel­op­ment achieve­ments and its for­eign poli­cies.

He asked the coun­tries to sup­port Vieät Nam’s can­di­dacy for non­per­ma­nent mem­ber­ship of the UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil for the 2020-21 ten­ure, and af­firmed the coun­try’s strong com­mit­ment to con­tribut­ing more to main­tain­ing in­ter­na­tional peace and se­cu­rity.

The lead­ers ap­pre­ci­ated Vieät Nam’s in­creas­ingly im­por­tant role in the re­gion and the world. They ex­pressed their belief that Vieät Nam would per­form well as a non­per­ma­nent mem­ber of the UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil, while pledg­ing to main­tain close co-or­di­na­tion with the coun­try within the frame­work of the UN and other in­ter­na­tional or­gan­i­sa­tions. — VNS

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