The first issue of the French-language Le Bulletin Officiel de l’Expedition de la Cochinchine (southern Vieät Nam) is published under the sponsorship of the French governor of Cochinchina. Rudolf Diesel, French inventor of the diesel internal combustion engine, disappears at sea, presumably drowning in the English Channel.
Britain begins to govern Palestine under a mandate from the League of Nations.
The Munich agreement is signed between France, Germany, Britain and Italy, in which the German-speaking part of Czechoslovakia, the Sudetenland, is surrendered to Nazi Germany.
The Germans kill 33,771 Jewish men, women and children over two days in the Babi Yar massacre at a ravine near Kiev.
An International Monetary Fund meeting in Rio de Janeiro reaches agreement on the creation of a new international monetary unit, the Special Drawing Right.
China and Japan normalise relations. Bosnia’s first post-war elections are watched by international groups that certify victories by nationalist parties and the new president, Alija Izetbegovic.
Eight parties scheduled to take part in the Northern Ireland peace talks meet to set a formal agenda for negotiations that for the first time will see pro-British unionists and supporters of the Irish Republican Army gather to hammer out agreements.
Officials in mainland China and Hong Kong disclose details of their trade agreement pact, CEPA. It will provide a tariff-free entry for all Hong Kong goods exported to the mainland by 2006.
The Vatican, in its first speech ever to the UN General Assembly’s annual autumn session for world leaders, calls for a total ban on human cloning and criticises the war in Iraq and unilateral responses to terrorism.
Iran’s nuclear chief says the country’s new uranium enrichment site was built for maximum protection from aerial attack: carved into a mountain and near a military compound of the powerful Revolutionary Guard.
Security officials say a terror plot to wage Mumbai-style shooting sprees or other attacks in Britain, France and Germany is still active and that recent CIA strikes in Pakistan were aimed at al-Qaeda operatives suspected in the threat. Hundreds of Libyans converge on a main square in Benghazi and another in Tripoli in response to a call from the military to hand over their weapons, some driving in with armoured personnel carriers, tanks and vehicles with mounted anti-aircraft guns and hundreds of rocket launchers.
The death toll from a building that collapsed in Mumbai rises to 60 as the rescue operation is called off. Afghanistan swears in Ashraf Ghani as its second elected president embarking on a new era with a national unity government poised to confront the Taliban.
The UN’s children’s charity UNICEF has called the effect of the war in Aleppo on children as the worst seen since the conflict began, and says at least 96 children have been killed and 223 have been injured in Eastern Aleppo. A Mexico City borough president says previous officials ignored warnings that unauthorised construction work had damaged the structural integrity of several buildings in the city. The overall death toll from the magnitude 7.1 quake which hit September 19 now stands at at least 358 people. — AP/REUTERS/ VNS