HIS­TORY

Viet Nam News - - ASIA -

Henri Christophe is born in Gre­nada. Orig­i­nally a slave he joined the in­sur­gents against the French in Haiti and went on to be pres­i­dent in 1807. He was named King of Haiti in 1811. The 3,000-km rail­way link be­tween Johannesburg in South Africa and Beira in Mozam­bique is com­pleted. Bos­nia and Herze­gov­ina are an­nexed by Aus­tria.

Around 200 peo­ple are killed and over 1,000 in­jured when a train packed with hol­i­day­mak­ers jumps the tracks near the Mex­i­can town of Saltillo.

Egypt and Syria launch at­tacks on Is­raeli po­si­tions on the East Bank of the Suez and the Golan Heights, the start of the Yom Kip­pur War. Pres­i­dent An­war Sa­dat of Egypt is shot dead by Mus­lim ex­trem­ists as he watches a mil­i­tary pa­rade in Cairo. Over­whelmed by ris­ing wa­ters on the Niger River, the flood­gates of two ma­jor dams are opened by of­fi­cials, sub­merg­ing 400 vil­lages and leav­ing more than 300,000 home­less. Some 500 are be­lieved drowned.

An official in­quiry into the in­fec­tion of more than 200 Ir­ish haemophil­i­acs with HIV and hep­ati­tis C con­firms that the gov­ern­ment’s Blood Trans­fu­sion Ser­vice Board know­ingly put them at risk in the early 1980s by sell­ing in­fected blood prod­ucts to hos­pi­tals. A 63-year-old Florida man dies of the in­haled form of an­thrax, the first of a series of an­thrax cases in Florida, New York, New Jersey and Wash­ing­ton. The Euro­pean Union rec­om­mends set­ting mostly Mus­lim Turkey on a course for full mem­ber­ship in the union.

Syria vows not to forcibly ex­pel any of the 1.5 mil­lion Iraqis who have fled there, de­spite new rules aimed at stem­ming the flow of peo­ple across the bor­der.

Ger­many be­comes the lat­est coun­try to move to al­lay fears about the fi­nan­cial melt-down, en­hanc­ing a res­cue plan for Hypo Real Estate AG and guaranteeing pri­vate bank ac­counts as Euro­pean gov­ern­ments scram­ble on their own to save fail­ing banks. A top sus­pect wanted for or­ches­trat­ing the killings of thou­sands of peo­ple in Rwanda’s 1994 geno­cide, in­clud­ing chil­dren, hospi­tal pa­tients, pri­ests and even an el­derly and revered African queen, is cap­tured.

The No­bel Prize in lit­er­a­ture is awarded to a Swedish psy­chol­o­gist,To­mas Transtromer, who used his spare time to craft sparsely writ­ten po­ems about the mys­ter­ies of ev­ery­day life - com­mut­ing to work, watch­ing the sun rise or wait­ing for night­fall.

Is­rael scram­bles fight jets to in­ter­cept a drone that crossed deep into Is­raeli airspace from the Mediter­ranean sea, shoot­ing the air­craft down over the coun­try’s south­ern desert.

Clashes erupt across much of Egypt be­tween se­cu­rity forces and sup­port­ers of the ousted pres­i­dent, leav­ing 44 dead as rival crowds of sup­port­ers of the mil­i­tary and back­ers of the Is­lamist Mo­hammed Morsi it de­posed pour into the streets around the coun­try to mark a ma­jor hol­i­day.

A Span­ish nurse be­comes the first per­son to be in­fected with the Ebola virus out­side West Africa.

Pres­i­dent Barack Obama de­clares a state of emer­gency for Florida, free­ing up fed­eral money and per­son­nel to pro­tect lives and prop­erty. An In­dian Air Force Mi-17 he­li­copter fer­ry­ing mil­i­tary of­fi­cials crashes in Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh, a re­mote moun­tain re­gion near the bor­der with China, killing all seven per­son­nel on board. — AP/REUTERS/VNS

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