Henri Christophe is born in Grenada. Originally a slave he joined the insurgents against the French in Haiti and went on to be president in 1807. He was named King of Haiti in 1811. The 3,000-km railway link between Johannesburg in South Africa and Beira in Mozambique is completed. Bosnia and Herzegovina are annexed by Austria.
Around 200 people are killed and over 1,000 injured when a train packed with holidaymakers jumps the tracks near the Mexican town of Saltillo.
Egypt and Syria launch attacks on Israeli positions on the East Bank of the Suez and the Golan Heights, the start of the Yom Kippur War. President Anwar Sadat of Egypt is shot dead by Muslim extremists as he watches a military parade in Cairo. Overwhelmed by rising waters on the Niger River, the floodgates of two major dams are opened by officials, submerging 400 villages and leaving more than 300,000 homeless. Some 500 are believed drowned.
An official inquiry into the infection of more than 200 Irish haemophiliacs with HIV and hepatitis C confirms that the government’s Blood Transfusion Service Board knowingly put them at risk in the early 1980s by selling infected blood products to hospitals. A 63-year-old Florida man dies of the inhaled form of anthrax, the first of a series of anthrax cases in Florida, New York, New Jersey and Washington. The European Union recommends setting mostly Muslim Turkey on a course for full membership in the union.
Syria vows not to forcibly expel any of the 1.5 million Iraqis who have fled there, despite new rules aimed at stemming the flow of people across the border.
Germany becomes the latest country to move to allay fears about the financial melt-down, enhancing a rescue plan for Hypo Real Estate AG and guaranteeing private bank accounts as European governments scramble on their own to save failing banks. A top suspect wanted for orchestrating the killings of thousands of people in Rwanda’s 1994 genocide, including children, hospital patients, priests and even an elderly and revered African queen, is captured.
The Nobel Prize in literature is awarded to a Swedish psychologist,Tomas Transtromer, who used his spare time to craft sparsely written poems about the mysteries of everyday life - commuting to work, watching the sun rise or waiting for nightfall.
Israel scrambles fight jets to intercept a drone that crossed deep into Israeli airspace from the Mediterranean sea, shooting the aircraft down over the country’s southern desert.
Clashes erupt across much of Egypt between security forces and supporters of the ousted president, leaving 44 dead as rival crowds of supporters of the military and backers of the Islamist Mohammed Morsi it deposed pour into the streets around the country to mark a major holiday.
A Spanish nurse becomes the first person to be infected with the Ebola virus outside West Africa.
President Barack Obama declares a state of emergency for Florida, freeing up federal money and personnel to protect lives and property. An Indian Air Force Mi-17 helicopter ferrying military officials crashes in Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh, a remote mountain region near the border with China, killing all seven personnel on board. — AP/REUTERS/VNS