A flare-up of opium war occurs when a British frigate sinks Chinese fleet. The first automobile show in the United States opens at Madison Square Garden in New York under the Automobile Club of America. Panama proclaims its independence from Colombia.
Turkey switches from Arabic to Roman alphabet.
Power in Japan is transferred from the emperor to elected assembly. Britain and France agree to accept a Middle East cease-fire in the Suez War if UN forces can keep the peace.
The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2, the second man-made satellite, into orbit. A dog on board named Laika is sacrificed in the experiment. Vieät Nam and the Soviet Union sign a 25-year treaty of friendship and cooperation.
Bill Clinton defeats incumbent George H W Bush in US presidential elections.
For the first time in a 30-year conflict, the Spanish government says it will hold talks with groups linked to the militant Basque ETA separatists.
Allegations that the CIA set up secret jails in eastern Europe and elsewhere to interrogate al-Qaeda prisoners trigger a flurry of denials from governments in the former Soviet sphere and prompt EU officials and human rights organisations to demand answers.
Latin American and Caribbean nations endorse Panama for a seat on the UN Security Council, after Guatemala and Venezuela withdrew to break a deadlock that dragged through 47 votes.
Gen Pervez Musharraf declares a state of emergency in Pakistan, suspending the constitution, replacing the chief justice before a crucial Supreme Court ruling on his future as president, and cutting communications in the capital.
Dubai announces it is to appoint female muftis for the first time in 2010. The US Agency for International Development announces two five-year programmes to support Vieät Nam implementing a sustainable response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Three Syrian tanks enter the demilitarised zone in the Golan Heights, prompting an Israeli complaint to UN peacekeepers over the first such violation in 40 years.
The United States and Egypt try to put a brave face on their badly frayed ties and commit to restoring a partnership undermined by the military ouster of Egypt’s first democratically elected president.
One World Trade Centre officially opens, replacing its predecessor 13 years after the September 11 attacks. Japan has delivered two more ships to Vieät Nam that will be refurbished into patrol boats. The ships, which arrived in the port city of Ñaø Naüng, are the second delivery of a 2014 deal in which Tokyo is to provide Vieät Nam with six used fishing vessels that will be converted into patrol boats for Vieät Nam’s coast guard in the East Sea (South China Sea). The United Nations believes that at least 239 migrants drowned in shipwrecks near the coast of Libya. The United States launches airstrikes against Islamic State in Somalia for the first time. The United States Africa Command says “several terrorists” were killed in the strikes, which took place in coordination with Somalia’s government. — AP/VNS