Com­bat­ing land degra­da­tion

Chronicle (Zimbabwe) - - Business -

LAND degra­da­tion is any change in the con­di­tion of the land which re­duces its pro­duc­tive po­ten­tial.

It is the de­te­ri­o­ra­tion in the qual­ity of land, its top­soil, veg­e­ta­tion, and/or wa­ter re­sources, caused usu­ally by ex­ces­sive or in­ap­pro­pri­ate ex­ploita­tion.

In Africa, it is es­ti­mated that 73 per­cent of agri­cul­tural dry land is de­graded.

Land degra­da­tion is a di­men­sion to En­vi­ron­men­tal degra­da­tion.

En­vi­ron­men­tal degra­da­tion is an um­brella con­cept which cov­ers a va­ri­ety of is­sues in­clud­ing: pol­lu­tion, bio­di­ver­sity loss and an­i­mal ex­tinc­tion, de­for­esta­tion and de­ser­ti­fi­ca­tion, global warm­ing, and land degra­da­tion.

While pol­lu­tion mainly arises from ur­ban and in­dus­tri­alised ar­eas, land degra­da­tion is nor­mally driven by farming and com­mu­nal com­mu­ni­ties.

What Are the Ma­jor Causes of Land Degra­da­tion? Soil ero­sion; Poor farming prac­tices and ab­sence of con­ser­va­tion works; Buildup of salts in soils (salin­i­sa­tion); Loss of veg­e­ta­tion cover due to over­graz­ing, over ex­ploita­tion and de­for­esta­tion;

In­va­sive alien species- ex­otic plants that grow pro­lif­i­cally and out com­pete in­dige­nous plants; Wet­lands de­struc­tion Veld fires What is the im­pact of Land Degra­da­tion? Land degra­da­tion is as­so­ci­ated with sev­eral neg­a­tive im­pli­ca­tions on our life sys­tem such as: In­creased risks of floods for­ma­tion of gul­lies Poor crop yields Short­age of lo­cal wa­ter re­sources In­creased level of salt ground­wa­ter the

What is be­ing done to com­bat land degra­da­tion?

EMA’s man­date is to pro­mote the sus­tain­able util­i­sa­tion of nat­u­ral re­sources and pro­tec­tion of the en­vi­ron­ment en­sur­ing stake­holder par­tic­i­pa­tion at all lev­els.

To pro­mote a sense of stew­ard­ship amongst our so­ci­ety, EMA has en­gaged in ed­u­cat­ing the so­ci­ety through com­mu­nity meet­ings, aware­ness rais­ing cam­paigns and train­ings.

The over­all aim be­ing to raise pub­lic aware­ness on the sta­tus of the en­vi­ron­ment, ac­tiv­i­ties that drive degra­da­tion and to equip them with rel­e­vant in­for­ma­tion on ways to com­bat this degra­da­tion.

Com­mu­ni­ties are re­ceiv­ing train­ing on how to im­ple­ment pro­jects that re­duce pres­sure on ex­ist­ing en­vi­ron­men­tal re­sources.

EMA is run­ning these train­ing

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