Africans, not for­eign donors, must fund AU: Dlamini-Zuma

Chronicle (Zimbabwe) - - Worldwide -

CAPE TOWN — The chair­per­son of the AU com­mis­sion, Nkosazana DlaminiZuma has said that Africa must be able to fund the African Union if the con­ti­nent's pro­grammes are to be suc­cess­fully im­ple­mented.

"We must fund our own or­gan­i­sa­tion. You can’t have an or­gan­i­sa­tion that is funded by out­side peo­ple [and yet] you have [your own] agenda… I am proud to say yes, a de­ci­sion was made last year that we must fund our own or­gan­i­sa­tion – for op­er­a­tions 100%, for pro­grammes 75% and for peace and se­cu­rity 25%," said Dlamini-Zuma.

She said this in Pre­to­ria where she en­gaged with South African ed­i­tors on her blue­print agenda 2063 for the AU.

Dlamini-Zuma said that the AU had since agreed on the method to use to fund the or­gan­i­sa­tion.

The AU re­solved at a sum­mit in Ki­gali, Kwanda, in July that all mem­ber states were to charge a 0.2% levy on all el­i­gi­ble im­ports, in a move to limit donor de­pen­dency.

Re­ports at the time in­di­cated that funds gen­er­ated through the levy would fund the AU com­mis­sion’s pro­grammes and would go a long way to re­lieve fi­nan­cial chal­lenges faced by the or­gan­i­sa­tion.

Ac­cord­ing to re­ports, the African Union cur­rently took al­most six months to in­ter­vene in a con­flict on the con­ti­nent. The or­gan­i­sa­tion, there­fore, wanted to cut that time by more than half.

Be­ing de­pen­dent on for­eign donors meant that the AU couldn’t in­ter­vene in con­flicts the way it wanted to.

Dlamini–Zuma: "The re­spon­si­bil­ity of keep­ing peace and se­cu­rity in the world is the re­spon­si­bil­ity of the UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil and that’s why Africa is fight­ing to be in the se­cu­rity coun­cil as a per­ma­nent mem­ber be­cause it’s the per­ma­nent mem­bers who de­cide th­ese things and Africa is ab­sent there."

She said that Africa de­cided to have its own peace a n d se­cu­rity ar­chi­tec­ture pre­cisely be­cause it felt that the se­cu­rity coun­cil was not pri­ori­tis­ing African is­sues.

"When it was African is­sues, firstly it [se­cu­rity coun­cil] was com­ing [up] with wrong so­lu­tions, se­condly, it was act­ing slowly and in­ad­e­quately. Even now, if you look at DRC, for how long has that peace­keep­ing mis­sion been there? It spent bil­lions but when the M23 [rebels] started to at­tack peo­ple, they didn't do any­thing.

“It was the Africans who then in­sisted that there must be a bri­gade that will deal with the M23 so that it stops at­tack­ing women, chil­dren and the peo­ple in DRC. So I think we should all be fight­ing for KHAR­TOUM — Su­danese Pres­i­dent Omar al-Bashir is to ap­point a prime min­is­ter, re­in­stat­ing a post abol­ished after he came to power in a 1989 Is­lamist-backed coup, of­fi­cials said on Wed­nes­day.

The del­e­ga­tion of cer­tain pow­ers to a prime min­is­ter would fall in line with re­forms pro­posed by a na­tional di­a­logue held be­tween Bashir’s gov­ern­ment and some op­po­si­tion groups.

Bashir him­self had abol­ished the post of premier after he led a blood­less coup al­most three decades ago against then premier Sadiq al-Mahdi with the help of Is­lamist leader Has­san al-Turabi.

But on Wed­nes­day, a top aide to Bashir told the Su­danese par­lia­ment that the pres­i­dent will now ap­point a prime min­is­ter to head his gov­ern­ment.

“The pres­i­dent’s pro­posal forms part of changes to be made in the coun­try’s con­sti­tu­tion based on rec­om­men­da­tions from the na­tional di­a­logue,” said Al-Rashid Ha­roon.

A prime min­is­ter is ex­pected to be ap­pointed within the next two months, of­fi­cials said.

“This is a pos­i­tive step be­cause the prime min­is­ter will have some of Bashir’s pow­ers,” Al-Noor Ahmed, ed­i­tor of lead­ing Su­danese daily As­sayha, told AFP. Africa to be part of the se­cu­rity coun­cil,” she said.

Dlamini-Zuma also made ref­er­ence to Libya, say­ing that the bomb­ings that took place in the north African coun­try, lead­ing to the death of Muam­mar Gaddafi in 2011, was a de­ci­sion that was taken in the se­cu­rity coun­cil.

“It was sup­posed to be a ‘no fly zone de­ci­sion’, but they went be­yond that. The AU doesn’t have an air force to go and fight there…. We don’t con­trol an army, we don’t con­trol the air force, or the navy, or any­thing as the AU.

But what I can tell you is that the AU wants to si­lence the guns. The AU does try and con­trol sit­u­a­tions that hap­pen,” she said. — Newews24.

Bashir to ap­point PM for first time since coup

“The prime min­is­ter will also be ac­count­able to par­lia­ment, which is dif­fer­ent be­cause the pres­i­dent is not.”

Ahmed hoped the post of prime min­is­ter would go to an “out­sider” and not a mem­ber of Bashir’s Na­tional Congress Party.

“It would be bet­ter if the prime min­is­ter’s pow­ers are de­fined in the new con­sti­tu­tion and not by the pres­i­dent,” he added.

Ear­lier this month, Bashir con­cluded a year-long na­tional di­a­logue aimed at re­solv­ing the in­sur­gen­cies in Su­dan’s bor­der re­gions and heal­ing the coun­try’s fal­ter­ing econ­omy.

He launched the di­a­logue in Oc­to­ber 2015 but the talks were boy­cotted by most main­stream op­po­si­tion and armed groups.

On Oc­to­ber 10, Bashir sub­mit­ted a “na­tional doc­u­ment” which will serve as a frame­work for a new Su­danese con­sti­tu­tion.

The doc­u­ment has been signed by the gov­ern­ment and some small op­po­si­tion and rebel groups which took part in the talks.

Su­dan cur­rently has a tran­si­tional con­sti­tu­tion adopted in 2005, ahead of the coun­try’s north-south split in 2011 fol­low­ing two decades of civil war. — AFP.

Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Zimbabwe

© PressReader. All rights reserved.