The Chron­i­cle

Chronicle (Zimbabwe) - - National News -

BU­L­AWAYO, Thurs­day, Novem­ber 3, 1966 — Re­mark­able re­sults are be­ing achieved in Rhode­sia with a new cat­tle­feed­ing sys­tem in which the ba­sic feed is citrus pulp silage.

The feed has al­ready proved it­self a cheap and nu­tri­tious main­te­nance ra­tion for tid­ing cat­tle over the dry sea­son. In some coun­tries dry citrus pulp meal is in­cluded in stock feeds, but feed­ing with citrus pulp silage on a large com­mer­cial scale is be­lieved to be unique. For many years the dis­posal of a great vol­ume of pulp from juice ex­trac­tion plants has been a prob­lem at Ma­zoe Citrus Es­tates north of Sal­is­bury.

But this year, af­ter a suc­cess­ful trial at the nearby Hen­der­son Re­search Sta­tion, the pulp is be­ing fed as wet silage to a herd of 650 breed­ing cows. The re­sults are so re­mark­able that the old prob­lem of has given way to a new one: will there be enough waste pulp to meet fu­ture needs?

The cows have free ac­cess to the pulp day and night and also get a small quan­tity of pro­tein con­cen­trate and veld hay. Dur­ing the harsh­est pe­riod of the year they gain on an av­er­age of 3/4 lb a day, con­sid­ered ideal for breed­ing an­i­mals. Un­til a few years ago cat­tle farm­ing has been a rel­a­tively mi­nor un­der­tak­ing on the es­tates. To­day there are four large herds — 650 steers, all in pens, and about 1400 cat­tle for breed­ing an­i­mals. It is planned rapidly to in­crease their num­ber to 6 500.

The es­tates owned by the An­glo American Cor­po­ra­tion cover about 53 000 acres. On the shel­tered west­ern side more than 290 000 citrus trees thrive in neatly pat­terned groves es­tab­lished in rich al­lu­vial soil. The soil on the ex­posed eastern side is es­sen­tially granitic loams, sup­port­ing a good cover of sour veld on which the cat­tle graze dur­ing the rainy sea­son.

The cli­mate is tem­per­ate and rain­fall 35in. Un­der these con­di­tions an in­te­grated citrus, maize, cat­tle farm­ing pro­gramme is be­ing car­ried out un­der the su­per­vi­sion of the gen­eral man­ager, MR PJ Meir­ing. The live­stock is be­ing man­aged by an imag­i­na­tive Dutch live­stock spe­cial­ist, Mr HJ van Veen, who trained in Hol­land be­fore com­ing out some 14 years ago to South Africa and from there to Ma­zoe.

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