Sci­ence im­pact – To what end are you work­ing?

AQ: Australian Quarterly - - REFERENCES - ANNE-MA­REE DOWD, THOMAS KEENAN AND KAREN COS­GROVE

The fun­da­men­tal pur­pose of sci­ence is to en­gen­der change. Even the most ba­sic re­search seeks to lay the foun­da­tions of knowl­edge that can one day be trans­lated to the ad­van­tage of so­ci­ety. Yet, though fun­da­men­tal, how sci­ence quan­ti­fies and un­der­stands its im­pact is com­plex. Sim­ple re­turn-on-in­vest­ment cal­cu­la­tions are in­suf­fi­cient to cap­ture the mul­ti­tude of value that re­search and tech­nol­ogy have when they are re­leased on the world. How do you quan­tify the good (and the bad) that sci­ence does, and why is this so im­por­tant?

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