Al Zubarah Ar­chae­o­log­i­cal Site

Lo­ca­tion: Al Shamal Date of In­scrip­tion: 2013

Asian Geographic - - PRECIOUS PLACES -

Al Zubarah is a walled coastal town founded by mer­chants from Kuwait and had trad­ing links across the In­dian Ocean, Ara­bia and West­ern Asia. It flour­ished as a pearling and trad­ing cen­tre from the late 18th cen­tury to the early 19th cen­tury be­fore be­ing de­stroyed in 1811 and aban­doned in the early 1900s. The town was one of the many pros­per­ous for­ti­fied trad­ing towns de­vel­oped in the Per­sian Gulf around the 9th cen­tury AD. The re­mains of the site have been well-pre­served by a layer of sand blown over from the nearby desert and is the only re­main­ing com­plete ur­ban plan of an Ara­bian pearling town; the site stands as an ex­cep­tional tes­ti­mony to the trad­ing ac­tiv­i­ties that sus­tained the coastal towns and ex­em­pli­fies the foun­da­tions that even­tu­ally led to the creation of mod­ern-day Gulf states. Only a small part of the town has been ex­ca­vated and among the re­mains are palaces, streets, court­yard houses, mosques, fish­er­men’s huts, a har­bour, dou­ble de­fence walls, a canal, walls and ceme­ter­ies. Re­mains of Zubarah Fort, built by Sheikh Ab­dul­lah bin Jas­sim Al Thani in 1938 to serve as a coast guard sta­tion, was later re­stored as a musuem to dis­play find­ings un­cov­ered in the nearby Al Zubarah ar­chae­o­log­i­cal site.

Im­age cour­tesy of Qatar Tourism Au­thor­ity Tourism au­thor­ity

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