9 COOK ISLANDS, South Pacific
An entire island nation bears Cook’s name – but these islands weren’t named by Cook. He reportedly named them the Hervey Islands, after a British Lord of the Admiralty, and went ashore at Palmerston when he visited in 1773 and 1779. The Russian cartographer Admiral Adam Johann von Krusenstern renamed them to honour Cook in his 1835 supplement to his Atlas de l’Océan Pacifique. The islands were settled by Polynesian explorers in about the fifth century.