2 BOTANY BAY, NSW

Australian Geographic - - Geo Buzz -

The first of Cook’s land­ings in Aus­tralia, Botany Bay was ini­tially called Sting-Ray Har­bour – for ob­vi­ous rea­sons – in his jour­nals. Joseph Banks and Daniel Solan­der, En­deav­our’s botanists, col­lected so many plants there, how­ever, that Cook changed the name. Its swampy na­ture led gover­nor Arthur Phillip, when he landed in HMS Sup­ply in 1788, to aban­don it as a home for his new colony, head­ing to Port Jack­son and what is now Syd­ney Har­bour. Botany Bay wasn’t set­tled un­til well into the next cen­tury.

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