HOW TO GROW THEM
PLANTING During the warmer months, you can plant potted roses. In winter, when they are dormant, roses are sold as bare-root plants. They look somewhat like a bundle of sticks, as they are leafless, thorny stems with the root ball wrapped in a bag with compost. See Planting your bare-root rose, opposite.
FEEDING Roses are big feeders. Give them a dressing of rose food when new buds appear in spring and water well. Apply a handful of food every six weeks during the flowering season.
WATERING Young plants need to be kept well watered while mature plants like a deep soak twice a week during summer – reduce watering during the cooler months. Water the soil, not the leaves, to prevent fungal problems.
PRUNING Give established plants a prune in mid-to-late winter while dormant. Remove any spindly branches, leaving 3-5 stronggrowing stems to create a vase-like V shape. Cut these stems back by a third to encourage new growth to fill out into a bushy shrub shape.
MULCH Use sugar cane, pea straw or lucerne mulch for roses. Apply a 5cm layer in spring and top up again in summer.
‘Pierre de Ronsard’