WHAT IS T2 EXACTLY?
Type 2 diabetes happens when the body struggles to regulate insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas. Insulin carries sugar (glucose) to the body’s cells for energy, but also lowers the amount of sugar in the bloodstream. When things go haywire, the process doesn’t work as well. The body either resists the effects of insulin or doesn’t produce enough to cope and sugar builds up in the bloodstream.
NOTE Type 2 isn’t the same as Type 1 diabetes, previously called juvenile diabetes. T1 is an autoimmune disease, not related to lifestyle or diet. People with T1 require lifelong insulin therapy.