China Today (English)

Stable Increase in Xinjiang’s Population over Past Decade


The population of China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region increased by 18.52 percent from 2010 to 2020, 13.14 percentage points higher than the Chinese mainland’s average over the past decade. The region’s permanent population reached 25.85 million by October 2020, 4.04 million more than in China’s sixth census in 2010, according to census data of the regional statistics bureau.

Over the decade, Xinjiang’s population has steadily increased, people’s education levels have been considerab­ly improved, and population mobility and the urbanizati­on level have grown.

The number of people who hold a university or college degree rose to 16,536 per 100,000, from 10,635 per 100,000 in 2010, which is 1,069 more than the national average.

The average years of schooling for people in Xinjiang aged 15 and older increased from 9.27 years in the 2010 census to 10.11 years.

People of ethnic groups other than Han account for 57.76 percent of Xinjiang’s population, with Uygurs taking the lion’s share, at 44.96 percent. Compared with the previous census, non-han population in the region has grown by 14.27 percent, higher than the national average for minorities – 10.26 percent.

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