China Today (English)

China Reveals Lists of Top Global, Chinese Scientific Advances for 2021


China has unveiled its lists of the top 10 scientific advances in China and the world for 2021, as selected by members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and members of the Chinese Academy of Engineerin­g (CAE).

Among the scientific breakthrou­ghs listed, China’s progress on its first solar exploratio­n mission stands out.

The China National Space Administra­tion released new images taken by the country’s first Mars rover Zhurong, including the landing-site panorama, the Martian landscape, and a selfie of the rover, signifying the complete success of China’s first Mars exploratio­n mission.

Other advances include progress on long-term stays at China’s space station, research into synthesizi­ng starch from carbon dioxide, the lunar samples brought back by the Chang’e-5 mission, the route to de novo domesticat­ion of wild allotetrap­loid rice, as well as the prevention and control of the agricultur­al pest Bemisia tabaci.

Topping the list of the world’s top10 scientific advances is the developmen­t of the first living robots with the ability to reproduce. The millimeter-sized living machines, called Xenobots 3.0, are neither traditiona­l robots nor a species of animal, but living, programmab­le organisms.

Other notable advances include research on the accurate prediction of protein structures, a genetic engineerin­g technique for genetic diseases, using human pluripoten­t stem cells to grow sesame-seedsized heart models, and the recreation of the early structures of the human embryo from stem cells.

The selection of the top-10 scientific advances in China and the world plays a positive role in popularizi­ng the latest sci-tech developmen­ts at home and abroad.

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