Four wa­ter­shed mo­ments in sampling his­tory

Computer Music - - Make Music Now / Old-School Sampling -

1969 The Win­stons record Amen,Brother

Washington funk-soul combo The Win­stons only re­leased a hand­ful of tracks in the late 60s and early 70s, but their im­pact on mu­sic ended up be­ing way big­ger than they might have ex­pected. The in­stru­men­tal drum break on 1969’s Amen,Brother went on to be sam­pled on more than 3,000 records.

1987 MARRS - Pump Up The Vol­ume

The UK’s first big cross­over house hit came in the form of this fran­tic mash-up of sam­ples, which pinched snip­pets from a whole ros­ter of artists in­clud­ing James Brown, Pub­lic En­emy and Trou­ble Funk. Sim­i­lar sam­ple­based hits would then fol­low on from acts like Cold­cut, Bomb The Bass and S’Ex­press.

1991 Biz Markie ver­sus the law…

1991 saw the be­gin­ning of the end of the sampling free-for-all. Gil­bert O’Sul­li­van took Biz Markie to court over a sam­ple on the rap­per’s track

AloneA­gain. The rul­ing in the case, Grand Upright Mu­sic, Ltd v Warner Bros Records Inc, set a le­gal prece­dent that un­cleared sam­ples counted as copy­right in­fringe­ment.

1996 DJ Shadow re­leases Endtro­duc­ing

A blend of largely in­stru­men­tal hiphop, woozy breaks and down­tempo am­bi­ence, Josh Davis’ de­but LP was cred­ited by Guin­ness World Records as the first al­bum cre­ated en­tirely from sam­ples. There are ac­tu­ally a few orig­i­nal vo­cals on there too…but it’s a mas­ter­piece, so why let facts get in the way of a good story?

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