THE GOLDEN RATIO
WHILE the rule of thirds is the most common way of dividing the frame, it’s certainly not the only one. A popular alternative is the golden ratio, which places the optimal positions for focal points and important elements closer to the centre than the rule of thirds.
This grid divides each side into sections with a ratio of 1:0.618:1, which means that the centre section is smaller than the outer ones. This is also known as the ‘divine proportion’ or the Phi ratio, and is based on the proportions that can often be found in nature.
But that’s not all; this grid also supplies the proportions for the golden spiral. This intersects the lines found in the golden ratio, with the arc of the curve giving you the optimal positions for placing interesting elements of the picture as well as the main focal point.
Right Here, the horizon is on the upper part of the golden ratio lines, while the shore and focal point correspond to the golden spiral.