Dementia is an age-related disorder, and more common after the age of 65 years, however people in their 40s and 50s can also have dementia. It is important to remember that not all older people get dementia. It is not a normal part of ageing. The early signs of dementia are very subtle and vague and may not be immediately obvious. Some common symptoms may include: -Progressive and frequent memory loss -Confusion -Personality change -Apathy and withdrawal -Loss of ability to perform everyday tasks There are many different forms of dementia and each has its own causes. The common ones are Alzheimer’s disease, Vascular Dementia, Dementia with lewy bodies, Frontal Temporal Lobar Degeneration, Huntington’s disease, Alcohol related dementia and Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease. It is important to visit your GP early if there are concerns with any of the above symptoms to clarify the diagnosis, as there are a number of conditions that produce symptoms similar to dementia. These include some vitamin and hormone deficiencies, depression, medication clashes or overmedication, infections and brain tumours. It is essential that a correct medical diagnosis is obtained at an early stage when symptoms first appear. The earlier diagnosis and access to support, information, and medication will significantly improve life quality of a dementia patient.