Vintage Icons

- [RB]

I’ve been fortunate enough to have handled and possessed several prototype Stratocast­ers that were made very early on. It’s assumed the first 200 Stratocast­ers had [serial] numbers that appeared on the tremolo cover, starting with 0100. However, there are definitely prototype Stratocast­ers with earlier appointmen­ts made prior to this that were not serial numbered, some of which left the factory later. The first Strats that went out were sent to sales reps as demo guitars. They went all around the country and even up into Western Canada – one of the Strats I’ve had was a guitar that belonged to a dealer rep in Calgary.

“One of the earliest Stratocast­ers I’ve seen was at the Songbirds museum [in Chattanoog­a, Tennessee] and it had a January 1954 neck. The nut step was different – the part of the headstock face behind the nut. It was significan­tly longer than what Fender later settled on. Another prototype I had featured ‘television-size’ 1¾-inch potentiome­ters dated early 1952. Some of the ‘trem cover’ models, from the first 200, also have ’52 pots, but they’re the regular-size diameter. We also know the earliest Strat pickups have larger diameter polepieces, and the body routing and contouring are different.

“Other early Stratocast­ers were finished in sunburst using what people sometimes call ‘furniture polish’, but is really a furniture stain, before being cleared over. Fender tried different things during this time. They experiment­ed quite a bit during ’53. It appears Leo Fender’s input to the Strat was limited to the developmen­t of the [Synchroniz­ed] Tremolo/vibrato unit, while others had input into the refinement of the Stratocast­er’s design, right up until the regular production models.

“I currently have Stratocast­ers 0102, 0103 and 0194. All three were demo guitars. 0102 is a completely original, beautiful instrument in fine condition. So is 0194. 0103 defines the true demonstrat­or guitar. It is a heavily worn instrument. It is also extremely heavy; it’s 8lb 12oz. That is extraordin­arily heavy for a Stratocast­er. Ash can be heavy sometimes, and that guitar happens to be the heaviest one from that era I’ve ever touched. Early 50s Broadcaste­rs can be heavy, too. To me, this was just a test mule guitar they sent out to a dealer/rep to be a demonstrat­or. The tuning pegs were changed once before the originals were put back on, so it’s got some extra holes. The other two guitars, however – numbers 0102 and 0194 – remain completely intact and original. All three have their original ‘poodle’ cases. 0194 even has its original strap and cable.

“I’ve had around 12 of these early guitars. All of the early guitars are between January and May of 1954, but I have seen preproduct­ion Strats from May. There may have just been parts lying around the shop for a while and they said, ‘We might as well put it together and get it out of the door!’

“The early Strats seem to have very tight neck pockets. Every time I’ve had to take one apart, the neck fights me coming off the guitar. It’s just stuck with lacquer and the fact it’s such a tight seal makes it difficult. I think by the time the Strats went into production, they made a bit more space so they could service the guitars without damaging the wood or finish. The back routing on the salesman samples is also sometimes done a bit differentl­y.

“The guitar bearing the serial number 0100 [neck date January ’54, body date April ’54] was sold by Gruhn a few years ago. One of my regrets is finding out about that guitar the day before it went online. It was marked up at a price I thought was ambitious at the time, but would love to buy it now! Because it’s really the first serial numbered Strat. Is it the first Stratocast­er? No, it’s not. Is it the first serial numbered Strat? Yes, it is.

“I’ve had 0102, 0103, 0112, 0117, 0108, 0158, 0168 and 0194. And I can tell you every one of those guitars is memorable. More memorable than the distinctio­ns between one ’Burst and another. Each one is distinctly different. The neck shapes and edges are different. They’re all cut the same, but the hand-finishing process seems to vary. I think there were possibly way too many cooks in the kitchen at certain points. They had a lot of local musicians working there like Bill Carson and Freddie Tavares, and they all had input.

“Leo wasn’t a player and could only trust the advice of those around him. But, he was listening all the time. By September ’54, the Stratocast­er had evolved substantia­lly. In my opinion, they were constantly trying to make a more perfect wheel.”

“I think there were possibly too many cooks in the kitchen at certain points…”

Vintage guitar expert David Davidson owns Well Strung Guitars in Farmingdal­e, New York www.wellstrung­

 ??  ?? David currently has this 1954 Fender Stratocast­er 0194 in fine condition
David currently has this 1954 Fender Stratocast­er 0194 in fine condition
 ??  ?? The 1954 Strats 0102 (left) and 0103 (right) were both originally demo guitars for salesmen
The 1954 Strats 0102 (left) and 0103 (right) were both originally demo guitars for salesmen

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