There are two main types of IBD:
This only affects the inner lining of the large bowel and rectum. Most people with this type of IBD don’t experience serious complications.
This affects the full thickness of the gut wall and can occur in any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the anus. Crohn’s disease can lead to serious complications, such as an obstruction, or the development of abnormal channels in the gut.
HOW IS IBD TREATED?
Currently there is no cure for IBD, but you can manage it by using medication to dampen down your immune system and reduce inflammation. Sometimes surgery is needed to help with any complications that arise.
WHAT CAUSES IT?
The cause of IBD is unknown, but several factors are thought to play a role, including genetics, the environment, the immune system and smoking (particularly for Crohn’s disease). Stress, diet and food allergies aren’t thought to be a cause, but there is conflicting evidence about this.