There are two main types of IBD:

Healthy Food Guide (Australia) - - FEATURES -

UL­CER­A­TIVE COL­I­TIS

This only af­fects the in­ner lin­ing of the large bowel and rec­tum. Most peo­ple with this type of IBD don’t ex­pe­ri­ence se­ri­ous com­pli­ca­tions.

CROHN’S DIS­EASE

This af­fects the full thick­ness of the gut wall and can oc­cur in any part of the gas­troin­testi­nal tract, from the mouth to the anus. Crohn’s dis­ease can lead to se­ri­ous com­pli­ca­tions, such as an ob­struc­tion, or the de­vel­op­ment of ab­nor­mal chan­nels in the gut.

HOW IS IBD TREATED?

Cur­rently there is no cure for IBD, but you can man­age it by us­ing med­i­ca­tion to dampen down your im­mune sys­tem and re­duce in­flam­ma­tion. Some­times surgery is needed to help with any com­pli­ca­tions that arise.

WHAT CAUSES IT?

The cause of IBD is un­known, but sev­eral fac­tors are thought to play a role, in­clud­ing ge­net­ics, the en­vi­ron­ment, the im­mune sys­tem and smoking (par­tic­u­larly for Crohn’s dis­ease). Stress, diet and food al­ler­gies aren’t thought to be a cause, but there is con­flict­ing ev­i­dence about this.

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