WHAT ROLE DOES NU­TRI­TION PLAY?

Healthy Food Guide (Australia) - - FEATURES -

There is no spe­cific diet for IBD — how­ever it’s im­por­tant that you en­joy a bal­anced, var­ied diet and main­tain a healthy weight.

Dur­ing a flare-up, the only rule is to con­sume food as tol­er­ated.

How­ever, you can use your diet to help man­age IBD symp­toms dur­ing a flare-up. Of­ten, your doc­tor or di­eti­tian will pre­scribe a short-term, low-fi­bre diet while your di­ges­tive sys­tem is in­flamed. For those with Crohn’s dis­ease, a low-fat or low-FODMAPs diet could be ben­e­fi­cial. In se­vere cases, some peo­ple can only tol­er­ate liq­uids.

As Crohn’s dis­ease can af­fect dif­fer­ent lo­ca­tions along the gas­troin­testi­nal tract, nutritional de­fi­cien­cies can arise, but the type de­pends on the specifi c lo­ca­tion of the in­flam­ma­tion. So peo­ple with Crohn’s should be mon­i­tored for mal­nu­tri­tion, and de­fi­cien­cies ad­dressed as they arise — on an in­di­vid­ual ba­sis.

Luck­ily for those with ul­cer­a­tive col­i­tis, nu­tri­ent ab­sorp­tion isn’t usu­ally af­fected, as it im­pacts a dif­fer­ent part of the tract.

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