WHAT ROLE DOES NUTRITION PLAY?
There is no specific diet for IBD — however it’s important that you enjoy a balanced, varied diet and maintain a healthy weight.
During a flare-up, the only rule is to consume food as tolerated.
However, you can use your diet to help manage IBD symptoms during a flare-up. Often, your doctor or dietitian will prescribe a short-term, low-fibre diet while your digestive system is inflamed. For those with Crohn’s disease, a low-fat or low-FODMAPs diet could be beneficial. In severe cases, some people can only tolerate liquids.
As Crohn’s disease can affect different locations along the gastrointestinal tract, nutritional deficiencies can arise, but the type depends on the specifi c location of the inflammation. So people with Crohn’s should be monitored for malnutrition, and deficiencies addressed as they arise — on an individual basis.
Luckily for those with ulcerative colitis, nutrient absorption isn’t usually affected, as it impacts a different part of the tract.