Kalgoorlie Miner

Hey, FIFO, are you OK?

- CAITLYN RINTOUL

Tattooed, bearded, muscular and wearing a fluoro work shirt — one glance at Blake Wood would tell you he is a stereotypi­cal hardened mining FIFO worker.

Yet it’s this stereotype Mr Wood’s working to crack alongside personal developmen­t expert George Helou through their company FIFO Zero, which is aimed at eradicatin­g suicide from the industry.

Off the back of a whirlwind sixweek mental health roadshow in the State’s North, the duo say the WA industry — which has a record of almost 141,000 workers — needs to shake its “macho” workplace culture.

Once shunned and ignored, mental health is a serious part of business for the State’s biggest resource players and reserves a big part of employee expenditur­e.

Unions are pushing that all mining companies need to adopt the same mental health framework — calling for the Code of Practice which is “only used as a guideline” to become legislatio­n. FIFO Zero is helping shine a light on the “at risk” industry where mental health issues can lead to family breakdown and suicide.

CLOSE TO HOME

Mr Wood faced his own mental demons after the loss of a colleague to suicide during his decade-long mining career.

With a steady income and the possibly of home ownership in sight, Mr Wood felt he had “stepped into a dream” when he started his first FIFO role with Queensland Rail in 2008.

But by 2016 he was bitter about his then work with BHP in WA’s remote North and his fragile personal life off-site — spent in the hotel room of his choosing and living out of a backpack.

In between, Mr Wood had faced isolation from family and friends, a relationsh­ip breakdown, tough conditions and excessive drinking while caught up in an off-site partying culture.

A realisatio­n “something was wrong”, led him to Mr Helou’s seven-step personal developmen­t course.

Mr Helou taught him to step away from extreme ways of combatting problems and rewire his coping mechanisms, which Mr Wood said were “100 per cent” influenced by masculinit­y in upbringing.

The shake-up prompted Mr Wood to join RU OK as an ambassador on a FIFO campaign the mental health organisati­on launched nationwide and to be a part of a BHP wellness road show in 2016.

But it was two weeks prior to the road show that Mr Wood lost a colleague to suicide.

“That sent a ripple effect through our whole department. I’ve never returned to the site and basically I had been on this mission ever since,” he said.

A CrossFit enthusiast, Mr Wood also created an initiative that 28 affiliated clubs signed up to and had him travel around Australia for three years promoting it.

BACK ON SHIFT

Back on the tools and now driving road trains for logistics company

QUBE on BHP’s Mt Keith mine on a two-week-on and one-week-off roster, Mr Wood said it was a surreal experience coming back and he was still adjusting to the unique challenges of FIFO life.

“I haven’t done night shift in years so my body is like ‘what are you doing?’ Coming back after all these years, it was quite surreal,” he said.

Working long days in hot and dusty conditions and coming home to small impersonal hotdesk style rooms is tough, but that’s just the start of the obstacles WA’s FIFO community faces.

With supplied food and a “wet mess” the main drawcards in the evenings after a hard shift, Mr Wood said it was easy for many to fall into heavy drinking and excessive eating, which in turn lead to fatigue, weight gain and overall poor wellbeing.

Worksite relationsh­ips also play a significan­t role according to Mr Wood who said he often found it hard with a “transient environmen­t” with no stability to know who you’ll interact with each day.

He did highlight, however, the positives like well maintained gyms and allowing visitors.

FIFO union representa­tives at several sites across WA said poor conditions still plagued work camps. There were struggles to keep up hygiene and pressure on interstate workers over rostering when virus outbreaks affect their home State.

Dirty fridges with off leftovers and clogged air-con filters have become all to common for workers spending weeks away from the comfort of home.

LIGHT AT THE END OF TUNNEL

Mr Wood and Mr Helou are now fighting to help the FIFO community battle through the ongoing challenges and say they can feel a shift coming after a troublesom­e year for the industry through longer roster periods adding additional stress over the COVID-19 pandemic.

“Never has it been a more important time for us to be connecting on our mental health,” Mr Wood said.

The pair’s roadshow includes Mr Wood sharing his journey through mental illness and Mr Helou giving practical counsellin­g advice through games.

Their course has already prompted two WA FIFO workers to seek help for alcohol issues.

“For every two that are willing to say they’ve done that (sought help) there are 90 per cent that don’t let anyone know because remember we’ve got a macho culture,” he said.

The campaign to change ingrained masculine processes of dealing with psychologi­cal distress learnt from childhood, comes after former Rio Tinto employee Elle Cooper, 33, blew the whistle on the sexual harassment and bullying women face on WA

mine sites. Mining giant Rio Tinto admitted it has had to discipline an employee on the back of her revelation­s about the company’s “toxic and sexist” culture.

MINES ONBOARD

Rio Tinto Iron Ore’s health, safety, environmen­t and communitie­s vice-president Cecile Thaxter said the company released its own “Mental Wellbeing Framework” last year, across all sites.

“The FIFO Zero team presented to a number of our sites in the Pilbara. These sessions were well received by the team. Workshops help people cope with the challenges of remote work,” she said.

“We recognised early that change and uncertaint­y can impact wellbeing and mental health, and we needed to equip our people with the resources and support they needed to minimise the impact.”

This extends from the “she’ll be right, mate” mindset to the doom and gloom mentality of “nothing I do will matter”.

“We get caught in that identity. We get caught in the culture,” Mr Wood said. “It wasn’t until I went through George's process that I realised how much been brought up that way — it affected how I was. You just caught in going, ‘Oh, that’s just the way I am’.”

Mr Wood said the profession could be a “trap for a lot of young guys who for the first time in their life start to make good money”.

Mr Helou warned that a culture shunning vulnerabil­ity was leaving men with unresolved and compoundin­g issues.

“We’re really in a situation now, where we have to rip the stigma out of our society for good,” Mr Helou said.

“I think we need a bit of a shock to our culture to say, ‘Hello, being too hard, too macho was bad’.”

NATIONWIDE CAMPAIGN

The duo hope to roll their course out to all Australian mine sites.

Nationally 75 per cent of suicides are males and 11 per cent of all males experience high or very high levels of psychologi­cal distress and 18 per cent have had a mental health or behavioura­l condition, according to the Health Department.

Suicide deaths were recorded as three times higher in men than women and more likely in men aged 30-34 and those aged 40-44.

A September 2018 report produced by Centre for Transforma­tive Work Design for the WA Mental Health Commission found 71 per cent of FIFO workers consumed more than two standard drinks on an average day, 62 per cent reached five standard drinks and 44 per cent pushed themselves beyond more than 11 standard drinks.

“Perceived masculinit­y norms, stigma, loneliness, home-work life conflict and difficulty with the psychologi­cal transition­ing to and from work were associated with riskier drinking patterns,” the report found.

One of the lead authors of the research which helped inform the industry’s Code of Practice, the University of Western Australia School of Psychologi­cal Science lecturer Laura Fruhen said the collaborat­ive report showed mental health concerns generally focused around rostering, conditions and workplace relations.

“What we found already in 2018 was fly-in, fly-out workers had worse mental health than the general population,” she said.

“Mental health worsened over the pandemic period . . . and FIFO workers were starting off already from being at risk.”

KNOWING THE BOSS CARES

Dr Fruhen said a sense of “we’re all in this together” was one of the main positives out of the most difficult period of restrictio­ns.

“Many workers appreciate­d that the employer was looking out for them and really cared. Whether that was through sanitiser stations or packaged food,” Dr Fruhen said.

In 2019, the Code of Practice Mentally Healthy Workplaces for Fly-in, Fly-out Workers in Resources and Constructi­on Sectors was published using the research through UWA and Curtin University, including feedback from industry stakeholde­rs.

Electrical Trade Union WA secretary Peter Carter said his members were pushing to get the Code of Practice taken more seriously and made mandatory.

“There’s a disconnect between what the Code of Practice is meant to do and what it actually does. The Code of Practice doesn’t compel an employee to do what it sets out,” he said. “We believe the Code of Practice should be put into legislatio­n.”

 ??  ?? Perth fly-in, fly-out worker Blake Wood is on a mission with his FIFO Zero co-founder George Helou.
Perth fly-in, fly-out worker Blake Wood is on a mission with his FIFO Zero co-founder George Helou.

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