THE SECRET NUMBER SEVEN
TO ACHIEVE A BALANCED INTERIOR, YOU NEED TO PAY CLOSE ATTENTION TO THE FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OF DESIGN
Have you ever wondered how interior designers actually design the spaces they create? I’m not talking about the IT programs, drawing applications or pretty mood boards. I mean the foundation behind their ideas, the reasoning for their selections and, of course, their overall vision.
Introducing “the seven elements of interior design”. They may seem basic to some, but from a designer’s perspective, they determine our every thought and provide us with the comprehensive groundwork behind our designs.
Space. First and foremost, an interior is defined by its structural elements such as walls, ceilings and floors. Yes, this may appear a no-brainer but it’s the spatial planning process in which a designer starts a project. An equilibrium must be achieved using both positive and negative space.
For example, overcrowding or skimping on furniture will affect the balance of the interior.
Lines are responsible for establishing contrast and unity as they define shapes and harmonise the space. Acting as visual guidelines for an interior space, in general, you can categorise lines into three types.
Horizontal lines normally represent pieces of furniture (tables and lounges), whereas vertical lines tend to symbolise more structural elements (windows and doors).
Angular or dynamic lines are introduced for drama and to add interest to a space.
Lighting, either man-made or natural, defines the other elements of interior design setting the ambience and mood of the space, broadly divided into three categories,
Accent lighting highlights a particular object: for example a sculpture or wall art.
Task lighting is exactly what it implies and includes table, bed and floor lamps which serve a defined purpose. Mood lighting is not directed at one subject, but instead, it illuminates an overall space to create ambience.
Forms mean shapes or an outline of any three-dimensional space.
Brought together with the help of other elements, forms are created by two or more shapes and, when well-defined, establish harmony within the space. There are geometric and natural forms as well as open forms that can be looked into and closed forms that have a solid surface.
Colour is particularly self-explanatory. However, it is important for a designer to understand how colours can affect mood and a person’s character.
Patterns add interest to a well-defined space and more often than not are introduced after the previously listed elements. Patterns can be added as a focal point or to smoothly transition a living space.
Texture determines how a surface typically looks and feels. Visual texture is only visible and actual texture where texture is both seen and felt. For a dramatic look, texture can be applied to structural elements such as walls and floors or for more subtlety. Introduce texture to curtains, quilt covers, cushions and throws. To avoid monotony, it’s best when an interior combines contrasting textures with one dominant texture.