The his­tory of Aus­tralian An­gus

North East & Goulburn Murray Farmer - - AN­GUS - By AN­GUS AUS­TRALIA

THE ex­act ori­gin of the black poll cat­tle of Scot­land is un­cer­tain.

Even the great nat­u­ral­ist Charles Dar­win (1809-82) was un­able to of­fer any ex­pla­na­tion for the ori­gin of the breed.

Ref­er­ences to black poll cat­tle from 1752 de­scribe the pres­ence of “hum­ble” oxen and “dod­ded” heifers in the re­gion of An­gus, Scot­land.

Th­ese cat­tle gave rise to the Aberdeen An­gus breed in the 19th cen­tury.

The first record of black cat­tle im­ported into Aus­tralia was of eight black cat­tle that were un­loaded at the Hobart Town docks 1824.

Th­ese cat­tle were taken to Den­nis­toun the prop­erty of Cap­tain Pa­trick Wood, near Both­well.

They were re­garded by early writ­ers, and then by the An­gus So­ci­ety of Aus­tralia, as the first cat­tle to come to Aus­tralia of a type sim­i­lar to those that formed the An­gus breed in the fol­low­ing 60 years.

The genes of th­ese early cat­tle that ar­rived at the Hobart Town docks re­main in the Edgell’s fam­ily Den­nis­toun An­gus herd to­day, and it re­mains the old­est prop­erty to con­tin­u­ously run An­gus cat­tle in Aus­tralia.

James Mitchell’s Tas­ma­nian herd orig­i­nated from di­rect im­por­ta­tions from Scot­land.

Arthur O’Connor from Tasmania brought the en­tire Eastern Marshes herd at the dis­per­sal sale fol­low­ing James Mitchell death.

It is noted that Arthur O’Connor was the ear­li­est ex­hibitor of black poll cat­tle at the Royal Hobart Show.

WC Grubb founded the Bar­rowville herd of An­gus cat­tle in 1885 with the pur­chase of cows from the late Arthur O’Connor.

At the Bar­rowville stud dis­per­sal sale fol­low­ing the sud­den death of WC Grubb in 1919, his son in-law S Tul­loch Scott pur­chased some cat­tle to found Dunedin stud.

In 1838, the Docker fam­ily set­tled at Bon­tharambo, near Wan­garatta.

They im­ported cat­tle from New Zealand to start a com­mer­cial herd then in the 1920s they started the Bon­tharambo stud.

Among the next to start breed­ing black polls in Aus­tralia was Wil­liam Hog­a­rth from Toowoomba, Queens­land, in 1882.

A ma­jor im­pe­tus to the breed’s de­vel­op­ment in NSW was the es­tab­lish­ment of Ed­in­glassie stud at Muswell­brook, by JC White in part­ner­ship with FJ White in 1880.

This part­ner­ship dis­solved in 1908 with JC White re­tain­ing Ed­in­glassie, Tucka Tucka, and the firm name of White Bros.

FJ White took Sau­marez, Bald Blair and other nearby prop­er­ties and adopted the firm name of FJ White & Sons.

The Bell­trees stud of HEA and V White, Scone, was founded in 1897.

South Aus­tralia and West­ern Aus­tralia lagged be­hind the other states in in­tro­duc­ing An­gus cat­tle.

The first cat­tle be­lieved to have been im­ported to West­ern Aus­tralia from Scot­land was in about 1891 by a Mr. Muir, who set­tled at Dee­side, Mani­jimup.

Prob­a­bly the first breeder in South Aus­tralia was John Lewis of Ade­laide around the 1890s.

An­other early breeder in South Aus­tralia was Sa­muel Ford­ham Grieve, who man­aged a prop­erty for the Robertson fam­ily be­tween Penola and Nara­coorte in the South East.

One of the great­est cat­a­lysts for the de­vel­op­ment of the An­gus breed in Aus­tralia was the for­ma­tion of a so­ci­ety in 1919.

This hap­pened only be­cause of the de­ter­mi­na­tion of a small group of Queens­lan­ders.

When the first herd book was pub­lished in 1922, it listed 14 mem­bers from ev­ery state ex­cept South Aus­tralia.

It in­cluded 65 bulls, 313 cows, and a num­ber of cat­tle in the ap­pen­dices, plus pro­vided a short his­tory of An­gus studs in Aus­tralia and listed the royal show win­ners for the pre­vi­ous year.

The full his­tory of An­gus in Aus­tralia can be read about in Nigel Austin’s book, ‘The story of An­gus in Aus­tralia’.

THE BLACK POLL: The record break­ing Mil­lah Mur­rah King­dom, owned by Wither­swood An­gus.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Australia

© PressReader. All rights reserved.